丹尼尔·白特森 Daniel Batson

丹尼尔·白特森 Daniel Batson

Most of my research has examined the motives for prosocial and antisocial behavior; the research has focused on vicarious emotions (such as empathy) and personal values (such as religion) as sources of these motives. My research on prosocial motivation has attempted to answer the altruism question: When we help others, is our ultimate goal to benefit them, or is it always, somehow, to benefit ourselves? We have looked at empathy as a possible source of altruistic motivation and have found strong support. At present, we are exploring psychological implications of the empathy-altruism relationship, as well as moving beyond the egoism-altruism debate to consider other forms of prosocial motivation, such as collectivism and principlism (moral motivation). This has led me to pursue research on moral hypocrisy and on why truly moral motivation seems so weak. Is it because, in spite of appearances, truly moral emotions are rare?

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