萊斯利‧瑞斯克拉 Leslie Altman Rescorla
萊斯利‧瑞斯克拉 Leslie Altman Rescorla

賓夕法尼亞州布林莫爾學院(college Bryn Mawr)的心理學教授萊斯利‧瑞斯克拉(Leslie Rescorla)儿童心理学 (語言發展調查)LDS

64 罗特 | Julian B. Rotter
64 罗特 | Julian B. Rotter

Rotter locus of control scale
朱利安·B·罗特(1916-),美国心理学家,对心理学中的两大传统――强化理论和场理论作了整合,发展了社会学习理论。1950年他完成了语句填补测验,把投射技术予以数量化,用于诊断个体适应不良的程度。1988年获美国心理学会颁发的杰出科学贡献奖。
Leading personality theorist, received his PhD from Indiana University in 1941, first psychologist to use the term “social learning theory,” stated that our subjective expectations and values, which are internal cognitive states, determine the effects that different external experiences will have on us, devoted substantial research on our beliefs about the source of our reinforcers (internal vs. external locus of control), suggested that outcome expectancy and reinforcement value, behavior potential yield a psychological situation

68 路特 | Michael Rutter
68 路特 | Michael Rutter

路特(1933-),

英国发展变态心理学家,主要从事对自然和教养在个体发展过程中的相互作用的研究,并运用自然实验来检验基因和环境在心理发展中所起的作用。1987年当选为英国皇家协会成员,1995年获美国心理学会颁发的杰出科学贡献奖。

 

84 罗森塔尔 | Robert Rosenthal
84 罗森塔尔 | Robert Rosenthal

Rosenthal effect
罗森塔尔(1933-),美国社会心理学家,加利福尼亚大学教授,主要研究兴趣是人际期望,即一个人对另一个行为的期望本身将导致该期望成为现实。同时他还对非言语交流很感兴趣。
  Robert Rosenthal received both his B.A. and Ph.D. degree in psychology from UCLA, and taught at Harvard University for 37 years--first as a lecturer, later as chair of the Department of Psychology and Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology. He has been a Distinguished Professor at UC Riverside since 1999. Dr. Rosenthal has lectured widely in the United States and around the world, and has received numerous awards and honors for his teaching and research. He was a Senior Fulbright scholar in 1972 and a Guggenheim fellow in 1973-74. In 1998 he was awarded several distinguished lectureships at the University of New Hampshire, at Dartmouth College, and at Yale University School of Medicine.
Dr. Rosenthal's research focuses on the role of the self-fulfilling prophecy in laboratory situations and in everyday life.
Robert Rosenthal's Experimenter Effects in Behavioral Research was published. By 1979, this book had been cited in over 740 other works and was featured as a "citation classic" in the journal Current Contents. Robert Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson's book Pygmalion in the Classroom was published. The book reported the effects of teacher expectancies on teacher and student behavior. By 1980, this book had been cited in over 700 other publications and was chosen as a "citation classic" by the journal Current Contents

85 洛奇赤 | Milton Rokeach
85 洛奇赤 | Milton Rokeach

洛奇赤(Dec--27, 1918 —— Oct-25, 1988),
美国社会心理学家、精神病学家,密西根州立大学教授。致力于对信仰、态度、尤其是价值观的研究。他的书经常被社会科学家所引用。
Rokeach’s studies in social psychology concentrated on the relationship between the rigid dogmatic personality style and attitudes, social ideology, prejudice, and problem solving. His findings resulted in his books The Open and Closed Mind (1960) and The Nature of Human Values (1973). He received the Lewin Award in 1984.

88 鲁姆哈特 | David Rumelhart
88 鲁姆哈特 | David Rumelhart

鲁姆哈特(June 12, 1942 – March 13, 2011) ,

Rumelhart–Lindsay–Norman process model
美国认知心理学家,主要从事认知神经科学和人工智能方面的研究。鲁姆哈特的研究从描述语义网络中长时记忆的特点开始,他在这方面所做的工作对70年代认知心理学的兴起作出了贡献。1991年当选为国家科学院院士,1996年获美国心理学会颁发的杰出科学贡献奖。
Received his PhD in mathematical psychology from Stanford University in 1967, contributions to the formal analysis of human cognition, frameworks of mathematical psychology, parallel distributed processing, and symbolic artificial intelligence, research in characterizing long term memory in terms of semantic networks, work in the development of neurally inspired computational architectures, work contributed to the emergence of cognitive science in the 1970’s, recently diagnosed with Pick’s disease, a progressive neurodegenerative illness.
Eponym: Rumelhart-Lindsay-Norman process model

赖希 Reich
赖希 Reich

威廉・赖希 [Wilhelm Reich 1897.03.24-1957.11.03],奥地利出生的美国心理学家,心理分析家。他出生于奥地利加里西亚(Galicia),因心脏病逝于美国宾夕法尼亚州刘易斯堡(Lewisburg)的监狱中。

霍华德·拉克林 Howard Rachlin
霍华德·拉克林 Howard Rachlin

Howard Rachlin 纽约州立大学石溪分校的心理学家,他最初的工作是鸽子的操作行为的定量分析,后来成为行为经济学的创始人之一。他目前的研究主要集中在时间推移的选择模式,以及这些模式如何影响自我控制(他曾与George Ainslie等合作)。他在行为经济学的兴趣包括:决策,囚徒困境,成瘾和赌博。他是行为定量分析学会最初的董事局成员之一。

兰斯·里普斯 Lance Rips
兰斯·里普斯 Lance Rips

Lance Rips 西北大学认知心理学家,研究领域:推理、概念(尤其是个别对象与事件在时间上变化时的概念)、记忆和数学(特别是新的数学系统的推理)以及自传记忆。

贾科莫·里佐拉蒂 Giacomo Rizzolatti
贾科莫·里佐拉蒂 Giacomo Rizzolatti

贾科莫·里佐拉蒂(英语:GiacomoRizzolatti,1937年4月28日-),意大利帕尔马大学的神经生理学家。他的研究小组发现了猕猴额叶和顶叶皮质的镜像神经元,并写了许多关于该主题的科学文章。他曾是欧洲脑与行为学会的会长。2011年获阿斯图里亚斯亲王奖。2014年获欧洲大脑奖。

Karen D. Rudolph 卡伦·D·鲁道夫
Karen D. Rudolph 卡伦·D·鲁道夫

伊利諾大學心理學副教授Karen D. Rudolph http://www.psychology.illinois.edu/people/krudolph

拉玛钱德朗V.S.Ramachandran
拉玛钱德朗V.S.Ramachandran

维兰努亚·拉玛钱德朗(Vilayanur Ramachandran)V.S. RAMACHANDRAN, M.D., PH.D.,is Director of the Center for Brain and Cognition and professor with the Psychology Department and the Neurosciences Program at the University of California, San Diego, and Adjunct Professor of Biology at the Salk Institute. Ramachandran trained as a Physician and obtained an MD from Stanley Medical College and subsequently a PhD from Trinity College at the University of Cambridge, where he was elected a senior Rouse Ball Scholar. Ramachandran's early research was on visual perception but he is best known for his work in Neurology.

Richard M. Ryan瑞安
Richard M. Ryan瑞安

自我決定理論,假定他人可以經由人類的三種心理需求-自主感、勝任感和連繫感產生動機。

罗森汉恩 Rosenhan
罗森汉恩 Rosenhan

罗森汉恩(David Rosenhan)的假病人实验。

Julian Rappaport 莱帕波特
Julian Rappaport 莱帕波特

Julian Rappaport 莱帕波特 伊利诺斯心理学系。研究领域:社区心理学、社会政策、少年司法、学校咨询、少数民族儿童教育、社会变革背景下的个人身份认同、叙事理论、赋权理论、增权理论等。

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