64 罗特 | Julian B. Rotter

64 罗特 | Julian B. Rotter

Rotter locus of control scale
朱利安·B·罗特(1916-),美国心理学家,对心理学中的两大传统――强化理论和场理论作了整合,发展了社会学习理论。1950年他完成了语句填补测验,把投射技术予以数量化,用于诊断个体适应不良的程度。1988年获美国心理学会颁发的杰出科学贡献奖。
Leading personality theorist, received his PhD from Indiana University in 1941, first psychologist to use the term “social learning theory,” stated that our subjective expectations and values, which are internal cognitive states, determine the effects that different external experiences will have on us, devoted substantial research on our beliefs about the source of our reinforcers (internal vs. external locus of control), suggested that outcome expectancy and reinforcement value, behavior potential yield a psychological situation

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