心理学书籍 » 发展心理学(第12版 英文版)
发展心理学(第12版 英文版)

+d!Lj:?\4X4Z:k`,}0这本《发展心理学》(Experience Human Development)(第12版)是发展心理学领域的经典著作,自第一版面世至今,在美国市场上一直是同类书中的领导品牌,被众多著名大学和院校指定为教材。心理学书籍 psychspace.com;\!bBWo+s-Z%y'I*{

发展心理学(第12版 英文版)

Y1C5_6P*C0作者:戴安娜·帕帕拉,露丝·费尔德曼心理学书籍 psychspace.com\(U rf0Gj

N ?A|@5n/Y0出版:人民邮电出版社 2015-1

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平装:大16开/765页

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b5Mc~t q]5r0ISBN:9787115373465心理学书籍 psychspace.com"^c&@y E

,ia;U6h#AGU0定价:128.00

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内容简介

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  与之前的版本相比,本版书具有“独”到之处,主要体现在以下三方面。

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  其一,书名有变化。从第12版开始,书名由原来的“Human Development”改为“Experience Human Development”。“experience”一词体现了本书的新理念——体验式,也突显了这个版本的新特点:(1)注重理论联系实际,让读者充分体验一种与他们的现实世界紧密相联的项目。(2)重视文化的作用:让读者体验文化的多样性以及文化对发展的影响。(3)课程资料丰富详实:让读者在浩瀚详实的课程资料中汲取知识。(4)精选前沿研究:让读者接触到当前最新的发展心理学的研究。 

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3A;F0cBM/W0  其二,本版书的目标更加全面:(1)传授发展心理学基础知识;(2)介绍发展心理学研究方法;(3)培养发展心理学的批判性思维技巧;(4)注重发展心理学的应用;(5)弘扬发展心理学的价值;(6)培养发展心理学的技术素养;(7)发展交流沟通技能;(8)提高社会文化和国际意识;(9)注重个体发展;(10)帮助个体规划职业生涯和发展。 

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  其三,作者团队增加了新成员。加布里埃拉·玛托雷尔(Gabriela Martorell)在加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校获得发展和进化心理学博士,在多所大学教授心理学研究方法、毕生发展心理学、心理学中的文化议题和进化心理学等多门课程。

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目录

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Part 1 About Human Development

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lSO*b[$R^#ZQ0chapter 1 The Study of Human Development 2

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 Human Development: An Ever-Evolving Field 4

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5Z5R%[0f1s:Fo.Z0  Studying the Life Span 5

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.eB;]x`V0  Human Development Today 5心理学书籍 psychspace.com"F%A)j(BX

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 The Study of Human Development: Basic Concepts 5

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  Domains of Development 6心理学书籍 psychspace.com[jE^,jn%d

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  Periods of the Life Span 7

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 Influences on Development 10

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  Heredity, Environment, and Maturation 10

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Aff3G M5}0  Contexts of Development 10

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  Normative and Nonnormative Influences 15

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  Timing of Influences: Critical or Sensitive Periods 16心理学书籍 psychspace.comU:zc5h t,R

u(q}5\&hB%}MG0 Paul B. Baltes's Life-Span Developmental Approach 18心理学书籍 psychspace.comB}b }/VkI S3DO

i e;X#tb*_:R%i'm4Y0 summary and key terms 20

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0R&D&fR+Q1Jj0 Box 1.1 Window on the World Children of Immigrant Families 14

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{'bWR6^m%J0gZ0 Box 1.2 Research in Action Is There a Critical Period for Language Acquisition 18心理学书籍 psychspace.com}}/NV+|j R

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chapter 2 Theory and Research 22心理学书籍 psychspace.coml.OLx:c8a

p(u]#sk0 Basic Theoretical Issues 24心理学书籍 psychspace.com bzKZz-FZ)d

;M0?(m:h0R0  Issue 1: Is Development Active or Reactive 25心理学书籍 psychspace.com4d"U-@T0n SA8nFk

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  Issue 2: Is Development Continuous or Discontinuous 26

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0s.PK9gWc4Tbg0 Theoretical Perspectives 26心理学书籍 psychspace.comz{9S l-y]

~0\%?N~t0  Perspective 1: Psychoanalytic 27心理学书籍 psychspace.comNzN`n%f

l4_q"D/O$w0  Perspective 2: Learning 30心理学书籍 psychspace.comF:o+ub)m3J#H&Aa/\

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  Perspective 3: Cognitive 32

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} J[ qkJ2y^-|0  Perspective 4: Contextual 35

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  Perspective 5: Evolutionary/Sociobiological 37

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cf7f h,h8r0Q]0  A Shifting Balance 37

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 Research Methods 38

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c ]$EO8q&P0k0  Quantitative and Qualitative Research 38心理学书籍 psychspace.com1kL],W(_rK3T KN

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  Sampling 39心理学书籍 psychspace.com6wKzRM{6U

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  Forms of Data Collection 40心理学书籍 psychspace.comzR KoS(F a_+B

3JA s,| r2}M+`4OR7N@+W0  Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research 42心理学书籍 psychspace.comq.z)XTz;T1V(y

WgZYtQ`!_L;_'U0  Basic Research Designs 42心理学书籍 psychspace.comMVK^9}c b'N

WgC5}*Hd0gO F0  Developmental Research Designs 47

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I)}|G2jX'i0 Ethics of Research 49心理学书籍 psychspace.coml#Sdy4T6R I

0ve&X`7t/OS}0 summary and key terms 50

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 Box 2.1 Window on the World Purposes of Cross-Cultural Research 44心理学书籍 psychspace.com.O y0|&UP+xNJ

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Part 2 Beginnings

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z~ZK&y"a$h0chapter 3 Forming a New Life 52

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 Conceiving New Life 54心理学书籍 psychspace.com|c[MV2J G}T5MB

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  How Fertilization Takes Place 54

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8Xp ~f@,V"{0  What Causes Multiple Births 55

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 Mechanisms of Heredity 56心理学书籍 psychspace.com]~;T'B,s"uVJf

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  The Genetic Code 56

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  What Determines Sex 57

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$E8`V(t TT4G0  Patterns of Genetic Transmission 58心理学书籍 psychspace.com9y [)V0R.w1jX

&A'mN*B'M9FIc0  Genetic and Chromosomal Abnormalities 61心理学书籍 psychspace.comP*Ka3N ^:\

,W7s6yExB3W%t(I&S"e0  Genetic Counseling and Testing 65

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 Nature and Nurture: Influences of Heredity and Environment 67心理学书籍 psychspace.com;J }v_4G

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  Studying Heredity and Environment 68

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},b0W0Cj.U0hVO3y0  How Heredity and Environment Work Together 69心理学书籍 psychspace.comKr'g`4K3QJ^;W(~

o(I#\NYdIX0  Some Characteristics Influenced by Heredity and Environment 72心理学书籍 psychspace.comZHXN q/z

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 Prenatal Development 74

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  Stages of Prenatal Development 75心理学书籍 psychspace.com([r0m B&^6e? |

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  Environmental Influences: Maternal Factors 81

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  Environmental Influences: Paternal Factors 88心理学书籍 psychspace.comx7i8}6u`9`

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 Monitoring and Promoting Prenatal Development 88

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U/W4@J,n4]"b I2u8g0  Disparities in Prenatal Care 90

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  The Need for Preconception Care 90心理学书籍 psychspace.com?m {+x&kaV u,sV!N

-C0Cg+S'Te0 summary and key terms 91

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#Q#UEzO/Y0u+Q{a0 Box 3.1 Research in Action Genetic Testing 66

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:xz"j%v)U0chapter 4 Birth and Physical Development during the First Three Years 94

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;I7UT+qT6EYA0 Childbirth and Culture: How Birthing Has Changed 96心理学书籍 psychspace.comP&xU2u(\&l)y aEP

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 The Birth Process 98心理学书籍 psychspace.com%k'\J.R5Iy/zst

7f0VpF~T0  Stages of Childbirth 98

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  Electronic Fetal Monitoring 98心理学书籍 psychspace.comlI/m2O;N

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  Vaginal versus Cesarean Delivery 99

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Q x7ej$C#nDf0  Medicated versus Nonmedicated Delivery 100心理学书籍 psychspace.comz&vV!z6j#`?:b

bX1y0@8z}^"V#Ot0 The Newborn Baby 101

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  Size and Appearance 102

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@THfS&X/^$\M0  Body Systems 102

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  Medical and Behavioral Assessment 103心理学书籍 psychspace.com;V @%P AN ? z#N

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  States of Arousal 104

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 Complications of Childbirth 105

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  Low Birth Weight 105心理学书籍 psychspace.com6d%~Q0LjE `

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  Can a Supportive Environment Overcome Effects of Birth Complications 109心理学书籍 psychspace.com-qK a)J$`h#Mp:t7^Z

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  Postmaturity 110心理学书籍 psychspace.com/u)d5[;Va t%?d

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  Stillbirth 110

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 Survival and Health 111

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7USj1HsdwT0  Reducing Infant Mortality 111心理学书籍 psychspace.com1Zl$|$G M l

rWJ bxmgT0  Immunization for Better Health 114

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 Early Physical Development 115

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  Principles of Development 115

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oFQ_-O+['PVq0  Growth Patterns 116心理学书籍 psychspace.com3K ss8qW L'yi

V)d-o Tr0W;B ?5P0  Nutrition 116

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  The Brain and Reflex Behavior 118心理学书籍 psychspace.comth6U2r3ICV*Bt

1j)Q*I3c'l0  Early Sensory Capacities 126心理学书籍 psychspace.com7qvfH ufU2}

#o q%l1bxq)] eQ0 Motor Development 127心理学书籍 psychspace.compt}+Kg|?(|7P2V

,y4enQ.\ wx0  Milestones of Motor Development 127

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c3t v\+@+SB F1@0  Motor Development and Perception 130

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  Eleanor and James Gibson's Ecological Theory of Perception 130心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ.GO{+REa

y:oP~e5T n0  How Motor Development Occurs: Thelen's Dynamic Systems Theory 131

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  Cultural Influences on Motor Development 132心理学书籍 psychspace.comC_rWN%f

?#t8L6e&us8[0 summary and key terms 132

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NF7F9vV1t0 Box 4.1 Research in Action Lessons from Neuroscience 119

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7b.Xclu0LO0 Box 4.2 Research in Action The Autism “Epidemic” 122

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chapter 5 Cognitive Development during the First Three Years 136

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j!AvbT j0 Studying Cognitive Development: Six Approaches 138心理学书籍 psychspace.com'XA[GkQ*O"Z

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 Behaviorist Approach: Basic Mechanics of Learning 139心理学书籍 psychspace.com`*eB#QVY4`n!G

gM8P;Vw d?0  Classical and Operant Conditioning 139心理学书籍 psychspace.com _.@3~V1NO

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  Infant Memory 139心理学书籍 psychspace.com;M"T0iN*\ c&Y

;K{f$Qv|c0 Psychometric Approach: Developmental and Intelligence Testing 141

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[.H c.d0uJL0  Testing Infants and Toddlers 141

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3Taw y1{7N6@y0  Assessing the Impact of the Early Home Environment 142

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E6bwi{.\]'_/V0  Early Intervention 142

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:Z`5C:SNu8a_6x|W&y4Z0 Piagetian Approach: The Sensorimotor Stage 144心理学书籍 psychspace.comv0j6w3U H5Oi7p.r

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  Substages of the Sensorimotor Stage 144

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1S)xKDU/jC!W0  Do Imitative Abilities Develop Earlier than Piaget Thought 147心理学书籍 psychspace.com;w,r)hPGYE B cF fT

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  Development of Knowledge about Objects and Symbols 149

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_M'R2uWjp0  Evaluating Piaget's Sensorimotor Stage 151心理学书籍 psychspace.com${;F6ucuH+p%W

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 Information-Processing Approach: Perceptions and Representations 151

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)[Le9zV`fR }0  Habituation 151心理学书籍 psychspace.comjb"s/Oj_C

?l:X2W {9_0  Visual and Auditory Perceptual and Processing Abilities 152

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  Information Processing as a Predictor of Intelligence 153心理学书籍 psychspace.com.S8O7|]\oP^8NnK L

#Px q*gaO2p)Ai0  Information Processing and the Development of Piagetian Abilities 155

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  Evaluating Information Processing Research on Infants 158

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 Cognitive Neuroscience Approach: The Brain's Cognitive Structures 159

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 Social-Contextual Approach: Learning from Interactions with Caregivers 160心理学书籍 psychspace.com@/X9L?:K

s4Z,dUL0lD0 Language Development 161心理学书籍 psychspace.com%Rg+]z ]Pi

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  Sequence of Early Language Development 161心理学书籍 psychspace.comH!k cFx vYH"P4a

TDX:sj N0  Characteristics of Early Speech 165心理学书籍 psychspace.com`!Bv*|4h

b _1? ED rL8t0  Classic Theories of Language Acquisition: The Nature-Nurture Debate 166

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  Influences on Early Language Development 168心理学书籍 psychspace.com`Sti n,T6Ct

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  Preparing for Literacy: The Benefits of Reading Aloud 170心理学书籍 psychspace.comeY*y2_*l E2K

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 summary and key terms 171

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ffCjF7VU0 Box 5.1 Research in Action Do Infants and Toddlers Watch Too Much Television 154

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)q Q-N"k|i Hc0chapter 6 Psychosocial Development during the First Three Years 174心理学书籍 psychspace.come[[$n*~`L

fF(csv(FU^0 Foundations of Psychosocial Development 176心理学书籍 psychspace.com.YX.O2i'rEn [O

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  Emotions 176心理学书籍 psychspace.com4x"u{ x$_8Uj hM

|J_9jr7Gt0  Temperament 181

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1m8^\)I\Re0  Earliest Social Experiences: The Infant in the Family 184

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  Gender: How Different Are Baby Boys and Girls 186心理学书籍 psychspace.com9fy"f8u7yy5n6N

fP&sx_,H4Z&T0 Developmental Issues in Infancy 187

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  Developing Trust 187心理学书籍 psychspace.comi'f,{oVC6[~

)u6y\8fn0  Developing Attachments 188心理学书籍 psychspace.com~(U~:R&B!XJ:h3K

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  Emotional Communication with Caregivers: Mutual Regulation 193心理学书籍 psychspace.com&N3I2Ui%wt~

a/s;u dRl0  Social Referencing 193心理学书籍 psychspace.com;N!jG5Tr!_CBg,z4M

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 Developmental Issues in Toddlerhood 195心理学书籍 psychspace.com@D,eP:G [z2e!M

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  The Emerging Sense of Self 195

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b ~.@._r1oA`8^0  Development of Autonomy 196

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  The Roots of Moral Development: Socialization and Internalization 196

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2^"P7X gb3Uacq(h)ZXU0 Contact with Other Children 200心理学书籍 psychspace.comK$GfH-bN_

-Z}.f`9^6f'O0  Siblings 200

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(z? P(jT,h0  Sociability with Nonsiblings 201

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 Children of Working Parents 201心理学书籍 psychspace.comVFj;GA

t$W4WK8h _'M3\0  Effects of Maternal Employment 201

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  Early Child Care 202心理学书籍 psychspace.commo:iDNd

@ ?F` ?.wv0 Maltreatment: Abuse and Neglect 205

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rYs9j OX&}0  Maltreatment in Infancy and Toddlerhood 205心理学书籍 psychspace.com~r!o(\Rp

Hg U!`I0|6O8O0  Contributing Factors: An Ecological View 206心理学书籍 psychspace.com`W3Y*X f+a

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  Helping Families in Trouble 207

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'L$wMhO-@ B S0  Long-Term Effects of Maltreatment 208心理学书籍 psychspace.com dp p1C1^$Sn(Y"}SO

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 summary and key terms 209

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chapter 7 Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood 212心理学书籍 psychspace.com*D^&k*YEsH~4[6t

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PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 214

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  Bodily Growth and Change 214心理学书籍 psychspace.comY.OBX_@)_[ qg5|

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  Sleep Patterns and Problems 215心理学书籍 psychspace.com!FL4AZG~ DM1h!y

uy6Rp~0  Brain Development 217

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"S'Rn _;~k i0  Motor Skills 217心理学书籍 psychspace.com&^7e'y1gN d%nu

$\`;X&uH7_0 Health and Safety 220心理学书籍 psychspace.com1{)pnZs0d0s

5g4LoUTC0I[0  Preventing Obesity 220

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  Undernutrition 221心理学书籍 psychspace.comj:Nl p#q!_ `A

Z b,J\:q8G4n.^NSt|0  Food Allergies 222心理学书籍 psychspace.com6T#b Rz_!kWd^*Ny

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  Deaths and Accidental Injuries 223心理学书籍 psychspace.com](eh.k,Q'x#l9t)T

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  Health in Context: Environmental Influences 223

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0lW:zm/Le;}(X:^^0 Piagetian Approach: The Preoperational Child 227

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  Advances of Preoperational Thought 228心理学书籍 psychspace.com/q/? S1Ph ^

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  Immature Aspects of Preoperational Thought 230心理学书籍 psychspace.comxt6Lmo0_h

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  Do Young Children Have Theories of Mind 232心理学书籍 psychspace.coml-s{ A[Z'q)u

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 Information-Processing Approach: Memory Development 235

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  Basic Processes and Capacities 235

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  Recognition and Recall 236

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  Forming and Retaining Childhood Memories 236心理学书籍 psychspace.comCw&H |PQ

&Q|#R1ZUc0 Intelligence: Psychometric and Vygotskian Approaches 238

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  Traditional Psychometric Measures 238心理学书籍 psychspace.comNT\+o+_+j R&^

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  Influences on Measured Intelligence 239

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  Testing and Teaching Based on Vygotsky's Theory 239心理学书籍 psychspace.com(PdZ9_ u+Xq L*q

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 Language Development 240心理学书籍 psychspace.com']4_7n(NG T5a

b NR6k?vXqK'te2^0  Vocabulary 240

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-L;q!hB,J_GX0  Grammar and Syntax 241

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  Pragmatics and Social Speech 242

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MZRq1~?+|*C6h0  Private Speech 242

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  Delayed Language Development 242心理学书籍 psychspace.com&_(j(Cu,~D,C!O

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  Preparation for Literacy 243

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;Xn6v-^[-q qy-G"F4k0  Media and Cognition 244心理学书籍 psychspace.com+A#I3L0?uw Y;T

.]vESw8@3N0 Early Childhood Education 244心理学书籍 psychspace.com@$[f%pjBQ

5yP?n(V)Y4fb0  Types of Preschools 244心理学书籍 psychspace.com6|:XJFW8d'lY

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  Compensatory Preschool Programs 245

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2d{0|np|k_i D,q0  The Child in Kindergarten 246心理学书籍 psychspace.comA^hZ-rUT*U4~3C0K

;{v6X3~u?s1t^ v0 summary and key terms 247

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qu1Cou"g|0 Box 7.1 Research in Action Food Security 222心理学书籍 psychspace.com z#|X{;gS

'V7e^Ga Ty,Z0 Box 7.2 Window on the World Surviving the First Five Years of Life 224

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chapter 8 Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood 250心理学书籍 psychspace.com/l6l)E4M[ \b3B'Wxq [j

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 The Developing Self 252

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7K@+a s/U+D0  The Self-Concept and Cognitive Development 252

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  Self-Esteem 253

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!OGW8I-Q'Sh0  Understanding and Regulating Emotions 254心理学书籍 psychspace.com [E?&A u1d

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  Erikson: Initiative versus Guilt 256心理学书籍 psychspace.com8kC0\)PlTh};gi

j?}Iu'pI0 Gender 256

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;zMQ.WA#ED#@#S7l y0  Gender Differences 256

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1rV C@!k0  Perspectives on Gender Development 257心理学书籍 psychspace.comS/K"A3jM`ZyQ7F/s

rD({}e0 Play: The Business of Early Childhood 264心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ[r+a ^L,^ V

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  Cognitive Levels of Play 264心理学书籍 psychspace.com jGC9BJ-Y

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  The Social Dimension of Play 266

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  How Gender Influences Play 267

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  How Culture Influences Play 268心理学书籍 psychspace.com'B-GzH"H

V2g5s(u(J~8k)J }0 Parenting 269心理学书籍 psychspace.com0NI }$]0_4Z)hC9E

0jA#@yoX)i9@b0  Forms of Discipline 269

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/S8Fi`N)d0  Parenting Styles 271心理学书籍 psychspace.com~:Bos|g"A"r

z@;~4y)z(k%@{ G0  Special Behavioral Concerns 273

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5r2}7G#}$Jn&v:s0 Relationships with Other Children 276心理学书籍 psychspace.com,Kd?[(m*x `

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  Sibling Relationships 276心理学书籍 psychspace.com~%ob@`5Jsq

y$D)Fnm aTm*C0  The Only Child 277心理学书籍 psychspace.com-h} QGN:L&[+S%Kb

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  Playmates and Friends 278心理学书籍 psychspace.com'rRz.h#T$~1L d,m9rj

RH t f/a2F6B4d(k2G~0 summary and key terms 279

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n`6AA7^ ~c2dl3O@9B0Part 4 Middle Childhood心理学书籍 psychspace.comQ8WKCeL\

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chapter 9 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood 282

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Ct&k zjrY0  Height and Weight 284心理学书籍 psychspace.com*c7]^PP4@? u

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  Nutrition and Sleep 284心理学书籍 psychspace.comA0b[ QA`_/l8Ja

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  Brain Development 285心理学书籍 psychspace.com.a/w"\C@ \%q(x3bp

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  Motor Development and Physical Play 286

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pE4mm;E.q2Z0 Health, Fitness, and Safety 288心理学书籍 psychspace.com4_!i h1i*?:Xn%eF

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  Obesity and Body Image 288心理学书籍 psychspace.com'jvv&yQ[

#tt p eG lm }O6P:[0K0  Other Medical Conditions 290心理学书籍 psychspace.com&fy*|8F~ zN r

VM"Cp#ya0  Accidental Injuries 291

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 292

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M~4d,egq$\1G:k J0 Piagetian Approach: The Concrete Operational Child 292心理学书籍 psychspace.com5`Z/B$es5K x

"Us4b)}9o"bi&E0  Cognitive Advances 292

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  Influences of Neurological Development, Culture, and Schooling 295心理学书籍 psychspace.com'HWh N)yt

!b6@0eBL4x0  Moral Reasoning 296心理学书籍 psychspace.comE0a"G,bxCX

:{$\ G%zO*}{W0 Information-Processing Approach: Planning, Attention, and Memory 297心理学书籍 psychspace.comw!l(C-`3TbqA#`d

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  How Do Executive Skills Develop 297

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  Selective Attention 297

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  Working Memory 297

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  Metamemory: Understanding Memory 298

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hKN/l/l@Y0  Information Processing and Piagetian Tasks 300

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 Psychometric Approach: Assessment of Intelligence 300心理学书籍 psychspace.com x-K\u @\+h$n#Q

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  The IQ Controversy 300心理学书籍 psychspace.comx^:OM3DdI A6x

[E9Tl3F!c;Wp0  Influences on Intelligence (IQ) 301

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}/T?W`6Gk0  Is There More Than One Intelligence  304心理学书籍 psychspace.com(B+|/[5Yy8J(x

(YbH n`+o%n)O4k0  Other Directions in Intelligence Testing 306心理学书籍 psychspace.com bYqm B'p,P ?$v N.N

9N}A5E7p M0 Language and Literacy 306

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h@(O2|^d0  Vocabulary, Grammar, and Syntax 306

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  Second-Language Learning 308

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n`5D5Gn0  Becoming Literate 308心理学书籍 psychspace.comR q e;M|:K0T;k

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 The Child In School 309心理学书籍 psychspace.com4D$qTfDX g V

6G,E4d8J/^yA3c0  Entering First Grade 309心理学书籍 psychspace.comT$S#`"^+kFi x2L2t

&L HB"mg1?!m(QD0  Influences on School Achievement 310

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(Wz X[ uk7J0 Educating Children with Special Needs 313心理学书籍 psychspace.com0n9RA i)goP$B

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  Children with Learning Problems 313心理学书籍 psychspace.comT8M'~6eO0Pm&f"g-I

/`T {:hZ*s0f0  Gifted Children 317心理学书籍 psychspace.com%TdL9T%AJ

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 summary and key terms 318心理学书籍 psychspace.comRo%YFU

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 Box 9.1 Research in Action Do Barbie Dolls Affect Girls' Body Image 289

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E.k`3wS$T;p c0chapter 10 Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood 322心理学书籍 psychspace.comhA:`xz9kK7aP

!dj7}7jHyJL#S@0 The Developing Self 324心理学书籍 psychspace.comD2_#u"q4E ^p5A.p*a

DL"z5w xz nf-`s0  Self-Concept Development: Representational Systems 324心理学书籍 psychspace.comuETW5x0rG

Bf$lt)m+t$R;_;R F0  Self-Esteem 324心理学书籍 psychspace.com6GWc ivB

Bp;V$t G0  Emotional Growth and Prosocial Behavior 325心理学书籍 psychspace.coma6koe?

5~"zG+RP N%P ?(Y1|0 The Child in the Family 326心理学书籍 psychspace.com3dP9f5i | ae6A

7l4M8BeM9j3N0  Family Atmosphere 326心理学书籍 psychspace.com3K8S"m"w H$Om

'q%b|e:u b0  Family Structure 330

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  Sibling Relationships 335心理学书籍 psychspace.com_ GI0O \J

|} v4hyJT0 The Child in the Peer Group 336

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  Popularity 337

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  Friendship 338心理学书籍 psychspace.com2SPe\8K

A okX:u5a/@3]0  Aggression and Bullying 339

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 Mental Health 343

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  Common Emotional Problems 343心理学书籍 psychspace.comD'g5Vh1^S

4r4K:L(L U:lS8j0  Treatment Techniques 345心理学书籍 psychspace.com%Y*h.DqK CG$M*\ h

#A ?a&L6W)X#fr0  Stress and Resilience 346心理学书籍 psychspace.com~E#KHw$`TXve

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 summary and key terms 350心理学书籍 psychspace.com G#L0f;h&? o@,r

I8G(H[5Va3JyA0 Box 10.1 Research in Action Pass the Milk: Family Mealtimes and Child Well-Being 327

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]N8}g[(W:MNR/@0 Adolescence: A Developmental Transition 354

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  Adolescence as a Social Construction 354心理学书籍 psychspace.com{8G7S9ZD4k@xR

0\~ VX"]e1?:]0  Adolescence: A Time of Opportunities and Risks 355

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w n^LZ(Ya(S)z0 Puberty 355心理学书籍 psychspace.comGM}Lqz

'jmxa{AV/S9_,t0  How Puberty Begins: Hormonal Changes 355

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 The Adolescent Brain 360

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9c-}N i:wY|]+k#d*e0  Physical Activity 362

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  Nutrition and Eating Disorders 363心理学书籍 psychspace.com gr:x] } T

0K(g p[ e;yJ5K0  Use and Abuse of Drugs 367

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  Depression 370心理学书籍 psychspace.com m6f&M#pj-Y

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  Death in Adolescence 371

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 372心理学书籍 psychspace.comED5ZxN%n l

-Aq5S ~ OKi}V0 Aspects of Cognitive Maturation 372

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  Piaget's Stage of Formal Operations 372心理学书籍 psychspace.com0Kx@7Z2FZY|

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  Changes in Information Processing 374

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  Language Development 375

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  Moral Reasoning: Kohlberg's Theory 375心理学书籍 psychspace.com8pS'On7Q

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  An Ethic of Care: Gilligan's Theory 378

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0DR%@v8T_5L#Sy-_0 Educational and Vocational Issues 379心理学书籍 psychspace.comB2Ea E[.z%p.n

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  Influences on School Achievement 380

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  Dropping Out of High School 383心理学书籍 psychspace.comm(d#^#Pq+d`;q

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  Preparing for Higher Education or Vocations 384

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z)\1_ P&mG1Z0 summary and key terms 386心理学书籍 psychspace.com7J!o0u1AK4}Rp @6R

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 Box 11.2 Research in Action Multitasking and Gen M 383

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i`hN-b'Y"F*W-fK0chapter 12 Psychosocial Development in Adolescence 388心理学书籍 psychspace.com9Q0q&ZT(OV e

lt]-H cm pppF0 The Search for Identity 390

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1d$ITO,\ ^0  Erikson : Identity versus Identity Confusion 390心理学书籍 psychspace.com/v/YXV+I[ o

w qB"cn.{5b]3W0  Marcia: Identity Status—Crisis and Commitment 391心理学书籍 psychspace.comY]LH,xc

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  Gender Differences in Identity Formation 393心理学书籍 psychspace.com&[ radw^

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  Ethnic Factors in Identity Formation 394

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rn$q t7^:md0 Sexuality 395

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  Sexual Orientation and Identity 396

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C@&dM#s#k0  Sexual Behavior 397心理学书籍 psychspace.comr%C9C ?"a;|

心理学书籍 psychspace.comr9G7i }8^3ST

  Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) 399

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^FP \L E+f2C,Jk H0  Teenage Pregnancy and Childbearing 401

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3B'|YJ;c0 Relationships with Family, Peers, and Adult Society 403

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G4MSn.X DN0  Is Adolescent Rebellion a Myth 403心理学书籍 psychspace.com-@lj5TNh:MA

心理学书籍 psychspace.com/KgX*t)^:o8M9c

  Changing Time Use and Changing Relationships 404

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(@;wh'J.w,D l0  Adolescents and Parents 405

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  Adolescents and Siblings 408

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  Adolescents and Peers 409

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P W,X \5SWF0 Antisocial Behavior and Juvenile Delinquency 412心理学书籍 psychspace.com j%T@;DTd1Ul~

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  Becoming a Delinquent: Genetic and Neurological Factors 412心理学书籍 psychspace.com nV rij-B

_s*FN5G0  Becoming a Delinquent: How Family, Peer, and Community Influences  Interact 412心理学书籍 psychspace.com,Q7G%O yl})U}]

C d V!M%p&Bb7P0  Long-Term Prospects 414心理学书籍 psychspace.com-{S'g^!V j S&o

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  Preventing and Treating Delinquency 415

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 summary and key terms 417

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7R H:B$o? C8hhT0 Box 12.1 Research in Action Consequences of the Social Network 411心理学书籍 psychspace.comsUC6|&d$C6C5lt \

心理学书籍 psychspace.comr"E'{O9@0U0Tq

 Box 12.2 Research in Action The Youth Violence Epidemic 414心理学书籍 psychspace.com7~:S+Q0}:myr

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X1Vn L$z!y8C sa0Part 6 Emerging and Young Adulthood

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chapter 13 Physical and Cognitive Development in Emerging and Young Adulthood 418

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VS&Y(v @!Q0l6b0 Emerging Adulthood 420

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/G&G;i o ]X7}0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 421心理学书籍 psychspace.comC6jQ1C+y)s,`

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 Health and Fitness 421心理学书籍 psychspace.comD;UGG&I5D7TV

5z*_w&{l0  Health Status and Health Issues 421心理学书籍 psychspace.com`R0xz[fU

Da+tS"Uz w#K6ha0  Genetic Influences on Health 422

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  Behavioral Influences on Health and Fitness 422心理学书籍 psychspace.com ycCI'?#M R.Nd h

-E,M-g4X jF#t9D9m0  Indirect Influences on Health 426心理学书籍 psychspace.com5g^"\,@PI

cz-fO,s @ Y0  Mental Health Problems 429心理学书籍 psychspace.com o tw.I1hkU a.q

0t d!{@"P|G0 Sexual and Reproductive Issues 430

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5BsU*gv7pD0  Sexual Behavior and Attitudes 431心理学书籍 psychspace.com&Z*\0p/G:\2U4h

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  Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) 431心理学书籍 psychspace.com]y[FsLsEk Z

心理学书籍 psychspace.compbc:av~`&l

  Menstrual Disorders 432

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%}h Ks%D@@/j8h0  Infertility 433

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!y-] f:bG9|&S0COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 434心理学书籍 psychspace.comz,a$a1s$q,I+L1g

,i0t.^$W!{@ s#B0 Perspectives on Adult Cognition 434

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  Beyond Piaget: New Ways of Thinking in Adulthood 434心理学书籍 psychspace.comtv3v"?N:\

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  Schaie: A Life-Span Model of Cognitive Development 436心理学书籍 psychspace.com(L/kgT.z5l%X

5zi)id4S0  Sternberg: Insight and Know-How 437心理学书籍 psychspace.com#hb$y[U\ i$@3U

'sS1H'gf#{L0  Emotional Intelligence 438心理学书籍 psychspace.com${C,c^:l o

心理学书籍 psychspace.com0R:Kpc8t-a0b?%N

 Moral Reasoning 439

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3Y#Q;E*u7R,H8Us0  Culture and Moral Reasoning 439

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  Gender and Moral Reasoning 441

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*_sl'd&RC3X0 Education and Work 442心理学书籍 psychspace.comn W DA,s9NTe

H+g(j8Ps/Y:];i}0  The College Transition 443

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  Entering the World of Work 445

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 summary and key terms 448心理学书籍 psychspace.com${e+v.U;l;DF9pBb-P+R

]s1]7s1X$K)v-k0 Box 13.1 Research in Action Assisted Reproductive Technology 434

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3lJGG3qd0 Box 13.2 Research in Action Development of Faith across the Life Span 440心理学书籍 psychspace.com m"~:|Kf

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D3s(}i C3e8ea0chapter 14 Psychosocial Development in Emerging and Young Adulthood 450心理学书籍 psychspace.com)hO#j/gt+\FL T

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 Emerging Adulthood: Patterns and Tasks 452心理学书籍 psychspace.comp*Q#ckAX

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  Varied Paths to Adulthood 452

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  Identity Development in Emerging Adulthood 453

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  Developing Adult Relationships with Parents 455心理学书籍 psychspace.com9blkhJ~;fk

#MF7W {\"a[z1v.QV%t0 Personality Development: Four Views 456

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  Normative-Stage Models 457

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h)k]9g*` kK*r[0  Timing-of-Events Model 458

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  Trait Models: Costa and McCrae's Five Factors 459

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  Typological Models 461

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 Foundations of Intimate Relationships 462

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  Friendship 462

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  Love 463心理学书籍 psychspace.com }TH D ?

-pKN.o8]Wd0 Marital and Nonmarital Lifestyles 464心理学书籍 psychspace.com;Z(G'jX$Hq[g

jL_dP:A%a H0  Single Life 464

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  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 465

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  Cohabitation 466心理学书籍 psychspace.com,i8Olb4p ^/N

?:^JIm0e!qArc9J0  Marriage 467

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 Parenthood 470心理学书籍 psychspace.com1h5JjywA

X TJ+a5U#m0  Parenthood as a Developmental Experience 470心理学书籍 psychspace.comGZ%AQpchgX

N sy2H&]2_6n0  How Dual-Income Families Cope 472

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[ ?W\]t0 When Marriage Ends 473

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  Divorce 473

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  Remarriage and Stepparenthood 475

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T_I!fyL0 summary and key terms 476心理学书籍 psychspace.com0p5E Wq [ aO;{$z

心理学书籍 psychspace.com M G9J G0|sh:mT

 Box 14.1 Research in Action The Millennials 453心理学书籍 psychspace.comY,jf)Q yKu1Z]

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 Box 14.2 Research in Action Intimate Partner Violence 474

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w+r*k"P.g([0Part 7 Middle Adulthood

u7OPY9v,O8o0心理学书籍 psychspace.com:F&t6gY#cq$?^6@#q

心理学书籍 psychspace.com{;VNSq']i

2?vk,p-r7e M0chapter 15 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood 478

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 Middle Age: A Social Construct 480心理学书籍 psychspace.com s Y Q t@)} @2f

h9c2gj9pc0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 482心理学书籍 psychspace.com6p;zy1F1t

7v%o i7V7sL6vP7A5i t0 Physical Changes 482心理学书籍 psychspace.com AkN"}*M^&d!D

+W?c|;c.F6V#u,AgU0  Sensory and Psychomotor Functioning 482

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bT}6s+jc} q0  The Brain at Midlife 483

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kSA V9t@,y{:O0  Structural and Systemic Changes 484心理学书籍 psychspace.com&oA)D;_wo z[?

J S,wAsq.q @0 Sexuality and Reproductive Functioning 485

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  Physical and Mental Health 488

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5rP zo8`%\0  Health Trends at Midlife 488心理学书籍 psychspace.comT @O]!B+c/]

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  Behavioral Influences on Health 490

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}qGNo&Ya(c~0  Socioeconomic Status and Health 490心理学书籍 psychspace.comW9u^ ~ q _t/r_

RA-M)K ~9V0  Race/Ethnicity and Health 491

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9k"o ZWPZ1C$k)ST0  Gender and Health 492心理学书籍 psychspace.com$`!r9hQ6E C&C

m5w5g|xmZ0  Stress in Middle Age 495心理学书籍 psychspace.com^~yR{w}

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  Emotions and Health 496

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Jl9l/lq0  Mental Health 497

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 499心理学书籍 psychspace.comts,R x\

心理学书籍 psychspace.com5v\OOF*q

 Measuring Cognitive Abilities in Middle Age 499心理学书籍 psychspace.comD.Hkwl-D B @_!C

心理学书籍 psychspace.com^+h2oSzH O(R0|l

  Schaie: The Seattle Longitudinal Study 499心理学书籍 psychspace.comp$E d@)n4bp'e%`

Io%~k?0  Horn and Cattell: Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence 501

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#}^)c Ym h!KQ(a9w0 The Distinctiveness of Adult Cognition 501

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  The Role of Expertise 501心理学书籍 psychspace.comK`b$H9X

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  Integrative Thought 502

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 Creativity 503心理学书籍 psychspace.com/~ x}6B@Qp2J

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  Characteristics of Creative Achievers 503心理学书籍 psychspace.comtt0spW

/~dg zS j0  Creativity and Age 503

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Re]x8E3nE@0 Work and Education 504

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  Work versus Early Retirement 504

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;i"R*\ MA'[D0  Work and Cognitive Development 505心理学书籍 psychspace.com7e.U gB4qy

If0K-i(c+h*e0  The Mature Learner 505

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 summary and key terms 506

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 Box 15.1 Window on the World Cultural Differences in Women's Experience of Menopause 488心理学书籍 psychspace.comw-F7i `L'bS5_

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,F$y^:[O%Wc0chapter 16 Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood 508心理学书籍 psychspace.com ~7VC"O/h8P R0Pg

S9C-` ]'DWw|Za}0 Looking at the Life Course in Middle Age 510心理学书籍 psychspace.com$Q:wxK jX

心理学书籍 psychspace.comUf f$l],_:[O*t3{

 Change at Midlife: Theoretical Approaches 511

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Zo*k[&`9Wdb,A!D^u0  Trait Models 512

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!R9C4gZO(i)?0  Normative-Stage Models 512心理学书籍 psychspace.comxOIAT1B%DU

心理学书籍 psychspace.com#ft'@%p d4}R

  Timing of Events: The Social Clock 515

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 The Self at Midlife: Issues and Themes 515

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F8L^ar'E0  Is There a Midlife Crisis 515

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9x,U8K`q i ]sT0  Identity Development 516

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._~uXi LV"{0  Psychological Well-Being and Positive Mental Health 519心理学书籍 psychspace.commg%OC(akd

心理学书籍 psychspace.comWMaXL6{ aD7B

 Relationships at Midlife 522心理学书籍 psychspace.comE9U V.}CF

!u2Zv"u/lY2x,Rp0  Theories of Social Contact 522

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  Relationships, Gender, and Quality of Life 523心理学书籍 psychspace.com:~(e%JXx^Y

2tk!Q+h l0 Consensual Relationships 523

}[gNac S&F0心理学书籍 psychspace.com w.Z[)S3zs Bt5Y C

  Marriage 523心理学书籍 psychspace.comF&eu5d#a/`:B j[J

8s$E3@S/y}/h0  Cohabitation 524心理学书籍 psychspace.com]z4{/]H5S;Ni

o p:C8u&e6p0  Divorce 524

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qu&O9?"LM?h0  Marital Status, Well-Being, and Health 525心理学书籍 psychspace.com4Y`#dQ:D7{URm6A

心理学书籍 psychspace.com6|0[#t6?uK{TL

  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 526

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?0[v&ZW%bYk C0  Friendships 527心理学书籍 psychspace.com+]};x8[Z$k,oVZB

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 Relationships with Maturing Children 527心理学书籍 psychspace.comv8q5U8Q"l @+Cj*rS

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  Adolescent Children: Issues for Parents 528

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  When Children Leave: The Empty Nest 528

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}0t1Bj;_0  Parenting Grown Children 529心理学书籍 psychspace.comq1I8m{ u1}f|*z*i

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  Prolonged Parenting: The “Cluttered Nest” 529心理学书籍 psychspace.com\A1gDO6Tfq%[

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 Other Kinship Ties 530

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  Relationships with Aging Parents 530心理学书籍 psychspace.comDBc@-G d![ tr0h

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  Relationships with Siblings 532心理学书籍 psychspace.com P5y$z2W%ZY$L.UK_

+ReM_FN8E-``0  Grandparenthood 532

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 summary and key terms 535

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{+h)jT:K5\$vPL-B7Xv0 Box 16.1 Window on the World A Society without Middle Age 511心理学书籍 psychspace.com.Y[$E)o-]`0CP.T0i U

"q7}7Lf!c(EaF m1`7~0心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ#YE'WG&S

-Hp7Ll |8o0Part 8 Late Adulthood

v:r F,Hw8F9jXF'B0心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ7DxD|1C

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#H?Tr!U)t~0chapter 17 Physical and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood 538心理学书籍 psychspace.com&u8z"x3@H*Y(C6MLCK k

u}'j F ^vIu0 Old Age Today 540

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&o{xB4u0Z0  The Graying of the Population 540心理学书籍 psychspace.com.O;S5Z ZN

Ivh)A%lHT(s0  Young Old to Oldest Old 541心理学书籍 psychspace.com4{&Z,f3x ppQ

t[8lvifKEz0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 542心理学书籍 psychspace.comT~xB ME {d,|

心理学书籍 psychspace.com-gG.GJ)gi

 Longevity and Aging 542

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Cp j cK!p0  Trends and Factors in Life Expectancy 542

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%?7^m$E:{j;NEB0  Why People Age 544

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  How Far Can the Life Span Be Extended 547

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CFvm2MUV L |0 Physical Changes 549

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T!EY ~#g/jf3S0  Organic and Systemic Changes 549

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  The Aging Brain 550

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  Sensory and Psychomotor Functioning 551

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Ti E{s)X0~0  Sleep 552

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  Sexual Functioning 553

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,C9z6MK |+E0 Physical and Mental Health 554心理学书籍 psychspace.com/y3yqJ8|?q

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  Health Status 554

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;oC n1cq,]0  Chronic Conditions and Disabilities 554

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  Lifestyle Influences on Health and Longevity 555心理学书籍 psychspace.com2mp:l"^nYM|:C9`e

NH Y.~ ?Z^]0  Mental and Behavioral Problems 557心理学书籍 psychspace.comRteyLW F

心理学书籍 psychspace.com } K_"MLG\0V4A q

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 562心理学书籍 psychspace.coml^&K)k1|!i&h_[

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 Aspects of Cognitive Development 562心理学书籍 psychspace.com e6m:N({f(bUv

.`(pZ7vG P@7U.Q0  Intelligence and Processing Abilities 562

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  Memory: How Does It Change 565

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bm.`N%s_h0  Wisdom 568心理学书籍 psychspace.com {$X z,f+s/~8M u7[

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 summary and key terms 569

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 Box 17.1 Research in Action Centenarians 547

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"d%U7JV"Z k9j8S0chapter 18 Psychosocial Development in Late Adulthood 572心理学书籍 psychspace.com7O*?Phhm1fy(L"`

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 Theory and Research on Personality Development 574心理学书籍 psychspace.comx],}+k$Kx i6lf$X

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  Erik Erikson : Normative Issues and Tasks 575

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,o+Jj2qhg'e1Dt0  The Five-Factor Model: Personality Traits in Old Age 575

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  Coping and Mental Health 577心理学书籍 psychspace.comy'])w%}9J#o;Ke{V

(V u`I+I+X.^L*v$@A0  Models of “Successful,” or “Optimal,” Aging 579

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  Work and Retirement 583

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l| B? H:y0  How Do Older Adults Fare Financially 585

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  Living Arrangements 586心理学书籍 psychspace.comb5Wb#E7`^O%i"V

/^0HwH|#s,F"A0 Personal Relationships in Late Life 590

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  Theories of Social Contact and Social Support 590

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  The Importance of Social Relationships 591

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  The Multigenerational Family 591

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  Long-Term Marriage 592心理学书籍 psychspace.com(\V ?Zz d2zH$G ~

@)zH&obT0  Widowhood 594心理学书籍 psychspace.com9iPu3imlh

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  Divorce and Remarriage 594心理学书籍 psychspace.com4}VL u`y6n5u

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 Nonmarital Lifestyles and Relationships 595

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  Single Life 595

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  Cohabitation 595

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  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 596心理学书籍 psychspace.comt O3U&@U&M}

;e,A)XW&m3R;B8J0  Friendships 596

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 Nonmarital Kinship Ties 597心理学书籍 psychspace.com@2Yp:T/n s.t y)g

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  Relationships with Adult Children 597

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g'c ? | ^ U2UHT4CW0  Relationships with Siblings 599

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F {v#Q y+OY RL0  Becoming Great-Grandparents 599

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 Box 18.1 Window on the World Aging in Asia 583心理学书籍 psychspace.com,d'Zb8IN1bN4C[/Z

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 Box 18.2 Research in Action Mistreatment of the Elderly 598心理学书籍 psychspace.com|1]ha"`aL5@2Eq

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Part 9 The End of Life心理学书籍 psychspace.com6Gu9T2p*w

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\zK8o;X6a7V0chapter 19 Dealing with Death and Bereavement 602心理学书籍 psychspace.comrH+NtoaVzl4f

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 The Many, Changing Meaning of Death and Dying 604心理学书籍 psychspace.comV]#f Z*E.TRA+da

5k+cy6xL5v0  The Cultural Context 604心理学书籍 psychspace.comRB5m5n%XA

R^ {xX,O'G-@[0  The Mortality Revolution 605

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  Care of the Dying 605

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 Facing Death and Loss 606

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  Physical and Cognitive Changes Preceding Death 606

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  Confronting One's Own Death 607

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  Patterns of Grieving 607心理学书籍 psychspace.comMW2w4qM+?

Af M%F0O S0  Attitudes about Death and Dying across the Life Span 610心理学书籍 psychspace.com/l5`*~;c7B:m/w&j+P

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 Significant Losses 612

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-FTxO4WR+VA0  Surviving a Spouse 612心理学书籍 psychspace.comB? L uR/Ok

*NJht8QO'Y0  Losing a Parent in Adulthood 613心理学书籍 psychspace.com l1p%B8KS3~9U

&ZxcVMi4EJ0  Losing a Child 615

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'Y v5Pl,].M_G D1sC0  Mourning a Miscarriage 615

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'q h(nmN5xn0 Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues: The “Right to Die” 616心理学书籍 psychspace.come J Iz(i:Tnbf

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  Suicide 616

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  Hastening Death 618

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 Finding Meaning and Purpose in Life and Death 623心理学书籍 psychspace.com;xOZ:EY{

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  Reviewing a Life 623心理学书籍 psychspace.comp)uL'nb4~g h

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  Development: A Lifelong Process 624心理学书籍 psychspace.comZ yp%@:s \UE

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 summary and key terms 624心理学书籍 psychspace.com(S;ZATU?1?3LGK

dNiR_9H-l0 Box 19.1 Research in Action Ambiguous Loss 609

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Glossary G-1心理学书籍 psychspace.com8?$xQe6X%V~

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Bibliography B-1心理学书籍 psychspace.com/P&SZM hz5Fx(yH

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Credits C-1

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Name Index I-1

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Subject Index I-23

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