心理学书籍 » 发展心理学(第12版 英文版)
发展心理学(第12版 英文版)

Ij"M-hxu1I*YYWI0这本《发展心理学》(Experience Human Development)(第12版)是发展心理学领域的经典著作,自第一版面世至今,在美国市场上一直是同类书中的领导品牌,被众多著名大学和院校指定为教材。

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发展心理学(第12版 英文版)

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作者:戴安娜·帕帕拉,露丝·费尔德曼心理学书籍 psychspace.comNp;Cy b

7AC-F.iE0出版:人民邮电出版社 2015-1

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平装:大16开/765页

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ISBN:9787115373465心理学书籍 psychspace.comh [8z.`^E&B\

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定价:128.00心理学书籍 psychspace.com@:zpbxl5B$Z

内容简介

mQ|,^}'G'Sy0  与之前的版本相比,本版书具有“独”到之处,主要体现在以下三方面。

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j#F N&X.l:~0  其一,书名有变化。从第12版开始,书名由原来的“Human Development”改为“Experience Human Development”。“experience”一词体现了本书的新理念——体验式,也突显了这个版本的新特点:(1)注重理论联系实际,让读者充分体验一种与他们的现实世界紧密相联的项目。(2)重视文化的作用:让读者体验文化的多样性以及文化对发展的影响。(3)课程资料丰富详实:让读者在浩瀚详实的课程资料中汲取知识。(4)精选前沿研究:让读者接触到当前最新的发展心理学的研究。 心理学书籍 psychspace.com e*x L"n7K;a)vQ

|"d5j+b.\.K5P i0  其二,本版书的目标更加全面:(1)传授发展心理学基础知识;(2)介绍发展心理学研究方法;(3)培养发展心理学的批判性思维技巧;(4)注重发展心理学的应用;(5)弘扬发展心理学的价值;(6)培养发展心理学的技术素养;(7)发展交流沟通技能;(8)提高社会文化和国际意识;(9)注重个体发展;(10)帮助个体规划职业生涯和发展。 心理学书籍 psychspace.com a2R+z(X\

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  其三,作者团队增加了新成员。加布里埃拉·玛托雷尔(Gabriela Martorell)在加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校获得发展和进化心理学博士,在多所大学教授心理学研究方法、毕生发展心理学、心理学中的文化议题和进化心理学等多门课程。

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目录

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Contents心理学书籍 psychspace.comQ3b`3nV$]

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Part 1 About Human Development

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chapter 1 The Study of Human Development 2心理学书籍 psychspace.com0Z'ofY8Sg*]

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 Human Development: An Ever-Evolving Field 4

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-da!g"Q+QJ5U+z0  Studying the Life Span 5心理学书籍 psychspace.com?Gz9tm(y&d

'MJ8H~k4cM0  Human Development Today 5

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8xF0D D\}N0 The Study of Human Development: Basic Concepts 5

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  Domains of Development 6心理学书籍 psychspace.coml6j+J,HtD$@

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  Periods of the Life Span 7

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 Influences on Development 10

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"a/e4Z)Km.yE0  Heredity, Environment, and Maturation 10心理学书籍 psychspace.comE&gUS;^ U

t#W2R?GEpe {0  Contexts of Development 10心理学书籍 psychspace.com%AZ3NP%{[n5a8bk

sQ/Y(^ o(Y0  Normative and Nonnormative Influences 15

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)q(o1L9U_gF0  Timing of Influences: Critical or Sensitive Periods 16

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 Paul B. Baltes's Life-Span Developmental Approach 18心理学书籍 psychspace.com$D:{(^.x6uJ

W#T]G8Bg^0 summary and key terms 20心理学书籍 psychspace.com,g+j2^Miq

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 Box 1.1 Window on the World Children of Immigrant Families 14

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 Box 1.2 Research in Action Is There a Critical Period for Language Acquisition 18心理学书籍 psychspace.com#[ fT,o&G8r|H

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V+|~RnI.C0chapter 2 Theory and Research 22

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 Basic Theoretical Issues 24心理学书籍 psychspace.com@%G?~@

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  Issue 1: Is Development Active or Reactive 25心理学书籍 psychspace.comsL c{:i3q&g-G+G

l@v s P \%x0  Issue 2: Is Development Continuous or Discontinuous 26心理学书籍 psychspace.coma%[0W&c+q

xlhS-v0 Theoretical Perspectives 26

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  Perspective 1: Psychoanalytic 27心理学书籍 psychspace.comM*T5VmQ*I#]"D-H

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  Perspective 2: Learning 30心理学书籍 psychspace.com!U^^Be

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  Perspective 3: Cognitive 32

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9{'W(CoQti#@9|0  Perspective 4: Contextual 35

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  Perspective 5: Evolutionary/Sociobiological 37心理学书籍 psychspace.com gB3C&\f(} d

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  A Shifting Balance 37心理学书籍 psychspace.com\z~ M&|^ @`6`

k3u_s+a0 Research Methods 38心理学书籍 psychspace.com)h[ d f2^b*[X

v,A_9[r%~aA9Ku0  Quantitative and Qualitative Research 38

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  Sampling 39心理学书籍 psychspace.comgs D h&pO

#C{2z6Y w-L0  Forms of Data Collection 40

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!\Y+|#~s0  Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research 42心理学书籍 psychspace.com(e5r7aUUw MxU

9a|;kK?6?!U0  Basic Research Designs 42心理学书籍 psychspace.com2?"V+ue`|:h __'ti

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  Developmental Research Designs 47

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 Ethics of Research 49

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 summary and key terms 50

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;Ljy!xN/ow0 Box 2.1 Window on the World Purposes of Cross-Cultural Research 44心理学书籍 psychspace.coml)d4F$h H!{

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W}.WB-H1Vd+dF0Part 2 Beginnings

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L Ee0H?@]7e0chapter 3 Forming a New Life 52心理学书籍 psychspace.comVpCh;r!bq

Q8DJ;b(nq"t!P/_Lp0 Conceiving New Life 54

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mo#AQ.w\ f0  How Fertilization Takes Place 54

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maTk Za G2{{r0  What Causes Multiple Births 55

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 Mechanisms of Heredity 56心理学书籍 psychspace.combHI4?9y MkL

1~FNK5` b|#e"^0  The Genetic Code 56心理学书籍 psychspace.com j+q$fHNU

_\Y|6A"k0  What Determines Sex 57

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+K#M? X/|VR;o0  Patterns of Genetic Transmission 58

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  Genetic and Chromosomal Abnormalities 61

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  Genetic Counseling and Testing 65心理学书籍 psychspace.com|-oE5Uj3q8|D

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 Nature and Nurture: Influences of Heredity and Environment 67

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{I(IrI0  Studying Heredity and Environment 68心理学书籍 psychspace.com2Fy1N X/T)U

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  How Heredity and Environment Work Together 69心理学书籍 psychspace.comVL.j {\l

Q8U sR0J}0  Some Characteristics Influenced by Heredity and Environment 72心理学书籍 psychspace.com3B f)_0Tf.GW;g{

-Ar-F9a c#Pn7A0 Prenatal Development 74心理学书籍 psychspace.com8H7{Ww3u4u9{r

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  Stages of Prenatal Development 75心理学书籍 psychspace.com(W6frB8of

~'h$HzmDc(D6[0  Environmental Influences: Maternal Factors 81

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  Environmental Influences: Paternal Factors 88

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%c#i)E3?S,^2}c3j0 Monitoring and Promoting Prenatal Development 88心理学书籍 psychspace.com[UZRAP,S

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  Disparities in Prenatal Care 90

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EN'B` lZ^R,N X0  The Need for Preconception Care 90

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{W/R"vn%[6Yo9K0 summary and key terms 91

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+H y~9A8Yf#{O^0 Box 3.1 Research in Action Genetic Testing 66

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chapter 4 Birth and Physical Development during the First Three Years 94心理学书籍 psychspace.com(P-L-P2ik Q

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 Childbirth and Culture: How Birthing Has Changed 96

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 The Birth Process 98心理学书籍 psychspace.com m9l ?"j["G

ghh+i*c2TJ!}0  Stages of Childbirth 98心理学书籍 psychspace.comx \+y8W.Yda

t#j!wy ^ck0  Electronic Fetal Monitoring 98

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  Vaginal versus Cesarean Delivery 99心理学书籍 psychspace.com"VP,F5B-Xjh

"If'|-OX5b0  Medicated versus Nonmedicated Delivery 100心理学书籍 psychspace.com M?l"G L.v

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 The Newborn Baby 101

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  Size and Appearance 102

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SD XFf*NkR0  Body Systems 102

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!}7X1rK|%RN0  Medical and Behavioral Assessment 103

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AdR_|&o0  States of Arousal 104心理学书籍 psychspace.comW0a,c1zYVYz3W

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 Complications of Childbirth 105

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xx9D lCP%R I0  Low Birth Weight 105心理学书籍 psychspace.comDU+`%PO:t

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  Can a Supportive Environment Overcome Effects of Birth Complications 109

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  Postmaturity 110

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  Stillbirth 110心理学书籍 psychspace.com M#Q9R/|lbo

4E7Yx1u(Al8d0 Survival and Health 111心理学书籍 psychspace.com ~!W`:j?\;O"[?!C

jy`@8K:ib L0  Reducing Infant Mortality 111

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0?/f,pYU#T/Z,Q0  Immunization for Better Health 114心理学书籍 psychspace.com%O,H-bH&B)dV*\

~6ew9c%R$Sl0 Early Physical Development 115

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J3y:i/Tr8T4oA0  Principles of Development 115心理学书籍 psychspace.com0W!OEqQ5|O6G

6u];_(e/if-gyRV)W0  Growth Patterns 116

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  Nutrition 116

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  The Brain and Reflex Behavior 118

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 Motor Development 127心理学书籍 psychspace.com/a?,B#e!V`

/w%_ f2A1Z)x+z0  Milestones of Motor Development 127心理学书籍 psychspace.com1@ {}LB'IZ

I|]5?,a0  Motor Development and Perception 130心理学书籍 psychspace.com9q3d3@NMk

-W+?kl'{\^.l,Y Z/w0  Eleanor and James Gibson's Ecological Theory of Perception 130

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L~7y vt~*U`0  How Motor Development Occurs: Thelen's Dynamic Systems Theory 131心理学书籍 psychspace.com.T*L z ?/s:n&T

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  Cultural Influences on Motor Development 132心理学书籍 psychspace.coml8n.a8}7C.u.K

:D6K'Rl)`.`,~n"B0 summary and key terms 132心理学书籍 psychspace.comjlN.S"TiiJs

6P#[;J Y3a I;r{0 Box 4.1 Research in Action Lessons from Neuroscience 119

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 Box 4.2 Research in Action The Autism “Epidemic” 122心理学书籍 psychspace.comNL!BbQ8G.Ave

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chapter 5 Cognitive Development during the First Three Years 136心理学书籍 psychspace.comkI1ij Qr"Ni0X

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 Studying Cognitive Development: Six Approaches 138心理学书籍 psychspace.com.}#RKUN#^ @-M

UMV'q.u|~+_0 Behaviorist Approach: Basic Mechanics of Learning 139心理学书籍 psychspace.com K8w'uO^

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  Classical and Operant Conditioning 139心理学书籍 psychspace.com/na"ALN:T x d:ci

-Z5d2Nl3b0  Infant Memory 139

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 Psychometric Approach: Developmental and Intelligence Testing 141

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  Testing Infants and Toddlers 141

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  Assessing the Impact of the Early Home Environment 142

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  Early Intervention 142

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 Piagetian Approach: The Sensorimotor Stage 144

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]n'K"a]+PF`\m0  Substages of the Sensorimotor Stage 144

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  Do Imitative Abilities Develop Earlier than Piaget Thought 147心理学书籍 psychspace.comb/`)B*d5\

a1qcX#D0  Development of Knowledge about Objects and Symbols 149心理学书籍 psychspace.com&S et2d!MU

$go+j_y8v.|s0  Evaluating Piaget's Sensorimotor Stage 151心理学书籍 psychspace.comFS(P'd)N0Y5}"V:K

9?W8{j?)PYk%`0 Information-Processing Approach: Perceptions and Representations 151

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  Habituation 151

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  Visual and Auditory Perceptual and Processing Abilities 152

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  Information Processing as a Predictor of Intelligence 153

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Zc@.y3{1AC5Uu0  Information Processing and the Development of Piagetian Abilities 155

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  Evaluating Information Processing Research on Infants 158

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 Cognitive Neuroscience Approach: The Brain's Cognitive Structures 159心理学书籍 psychspace.com/aV)CBy.w)R

BVPlN3C8_R0 Social-Contextual Approach: Learning from Interactions with Caregivers 160心理学书籍 psychspace.com6fO|6V+o

5|7c*o7o8m3V7M,j0 Language Development 161

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  Sequence of Early Language Development 161

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  Characteristics of Early Speech 165

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b ?+~FH(T o0  Classic Theories of Language Acquisition: The Nature-Nurture Debate 166心理学书籍 psychspace.comp z@"VKg

&f'\S9g~ r Z*dDkn0  Influences on Early Language Development 168

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  Preparing for Literacy: The Benefits of Reading Aloud 170

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 summary and key terms 171

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,tAi8L*xS0 Box 5.1 Research in Action Do Infants and Toddlers Watch Too Much Television 154心理学书籍 psychspace.com)YC1x3r \

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chapter 6 Psychosocial Development during the First Three Years 174

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 Foundations of Psychosocial Development 176

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  Emotions 176

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TB4u2LgYz0  Temperament 181心理学书籍 psychspace.com"p{q3Y:a)[7fX

ib ]k-G6K |0  Earliest Social Experiences: The Infant in the Family 184心理学书籍 psychspace.com%O$e+M&g_

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  Gender: How Different Are Baby Boys and Girls 186心理学书籍 psychspace.com+@HiBv-`8F

D7Z(k HL0 Developmental Issues in Infancy 187

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;[e-~+V0AT0  Developing Trust 187心理学书籍 psychspace.com0XB Z!FhY

%U/l_+Fk0U,tJ"J"V0  Developing Attachments 188心理学书籍 psychspace.com swf'Y!k4S'R

Q-}T/v(w'i0  Emotional Communication with Caregivers: Mutual Regulation 193心理学书籍 psychspace.com;{@ J GQ Ru]/C

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  Social Referencing 193心理学书籍 psychspace.comBM[S3U pQh^

YcG0a'n%ax0 Developmental Issues in Toddlerhood 195

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  The Emerging Sense of Self 195心理学书籍 psychspace.com u]jP"k0m8q

6kh3W"Z,^Y4S%G0  Development of Autonomy 196心理学书籍 psychspace.com;f9@4tR@&G(k!J!K1w R

T#a f7V w0  The Roots of Moral Development: Socialization and Internalization 196

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 Contact with Other Children 200

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&UXsYZ)S$RB0  Siblings 200心理学书籍 psychspace.comH T;p} U

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  Sociability with Nonsiblings 201

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  Effects of Maternal Employment 201

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S-L+R[]0  Early Child Care 202心理学书籍 psychspace.com,J7k3WJ$D,PA3U0|P A;m

z]5@3gJ0 Maltreatment: Abuse and Neglect 205心理学书籍 psychspace.com8O&@N l2ZM r

m+g/^s1w6uDw0  Maltreatment in Infancy and Toddlerhood 205

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  Contributing Factors: An Ecological View 206心理学书籍 psychspace.comNA6H4iyxv2z_

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  Helping Families in Trouble 207心理学书籍 psychspace.com5h)c J ~`'t

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  Long-Term Effects of Maltreatment 208心理学书籍 psychspace.comr%a"y? L)a,l

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 summary and key terms 209

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0V0x'|u$z#K"M9Eg0 Box 6.2 Window on the World Are Struggles with Toddlers Necessary 198心理学书籍 psychspace.comNd]0I1A ~

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s R:o OP0chapter 7 Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood 212

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%Cd[ ^oP0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 214心理学书籍 psychspace.com4Ku1`)ZOd

8JeK0W$g:V0 Aspects of Physical Development 214心理学书籍 psychspace.com~Tl)nMHE)D

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  Bodily Growth and Change 214心理学书籍 psychspace.com ts#yS Q'A&b9Ee

an`xRts1jXd0  Sleep Patterns and Problems 215

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  Brain Development 217心理学书籍 psychspace.com&n;L7q z\ f

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  Motor Skills 217

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  Preventing Obesity 220心理学书籍 psychspace.com;f P b l4I

X.Ucl2[0  Undernutrition 221

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@6E w1`~y N#K L0  Food Allergies 222心理学书籍 psychspace.com*VD:i2G.\3C

|dlH6\)S0  Deaths and Accidental Injuries 223心理学书籍 psychspace.com[!x[#Ek#R

4i!X/vE8g-a0  Health in Context: Environmental Influences 223心理学书籍 psychspace.com#M2L(z)?2k6W1ys

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 227

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 Piagetian Approach: The Preoperational Child 227

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  Advances of Preoperational Thought 228

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  Immature Aspects of Preoperational Thought 230心理学书籍 psychspace.comiq m3KH7CA|Mb

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  Do Young Children Have Theories of Mind 232

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 Information-Processing Approach: Memory Development 235

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i[)\WC.A/N0  Basic Processes and Capacities 235心理学书籍 psychspace.comM-Z^k0C2T0u"n

I-k'q'Q^3qo0  Recognition and Recall 236

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x+OahL:?p w-y0  Forming and Retaining Childhood Memories 236心理学书籍 psychspace.comlfH}2K&[1@g

!w;S7JCcI0 Intelligence: Psychometric and Vygotskian Approaches 238心理学书籍 psychspace.com&d |xZ!\

A+Pq0fJ!V.j0  Traditional Psychometric Measures 238心理学书籍 psychspace.comaOC!FL ^n2b

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  Influences on Measured Intelligence 239心理学书籍 psychspace.com)P dt(_9Z3B.r8JNU

v}3f{:R0  Testing and Teaching Based on Vygotsky's Theory 239心理学书籍 psychspace.com3w,s3m!H"rF&_5?8m {

\PW ~N{]"k0 Language Development 240心理学书籍 psychspace.comv#n)U|+R)X u

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  Vocabulary 240

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9y~1a8R\0  Grammar and Syntax 241心理学书籍 psychspace.comr)|3R:Y-KrH/[

?@H8o%m8D0  Pragmatics and Social Speech 242心理学书籍 psychspace.comg8xN ?.B.t

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  Private Speech 242心理学书籍 psychspace.comV;m ?c c(Y^w

5l.AP aDL6rO0  Delayed Language Development 242心理学书籍 psychspace.comW%L,Z*OT5}`'yi.F

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  Preparation for Literacy 243

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  Media and Cognition 244心理学书籍 psychspace.com|J6H9M5ji;Y

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 Early Childhood Education 244

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  Types of Preschools 244

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  Compensatory Preschool Programs 245心理学书籍 psychspace.coms Q+K4T+N(A

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  The Child in Kindergarten 246

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5^:|n {m0 summary and key terms 247

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$m evE&Q0chapter 8 Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood 250心理学书籍 psychspace.comq'cHX3MW1E;hX?

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 The Developing Self 252

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L&j Hc)K0  Self-Esteem 253

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#{C&~we.eW(^,o0  Understanding and Regulating Emotions 254心理学书籍 psychspace.com+m w4ZMzrIOn

!t X*\5B4V'V0  Erikson: Initiative versus Guilt 256心理学书籍 psychspace.comOR6V"jr

%kGA Sd/f+|B0 Gender 256

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MHMk6sdm;mY0  Gender Differences 256

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  Perspectives on Gender Development 257

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U%~^8M#n:tT0 Play: The Business of Early Childhood 264心理学书籍 psychspace.comE1|+|t7?WF9w

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  Cognitive Levels of Play 264心理学书籍 psychspace.comx8|6F{L-B oZbJ%c

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  The Social Dimension of Play 266

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  How Culture Influences Play 268心理学书籍 psychspace.comC!e]?hG

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 Parenting 269

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  Forms of Discipline 269心理学书籍 psychspace.com*^9i:\E,{pi'j3b%R

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  Parenting Styles 271

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^Cio h c"s/n0 Relationships with Other Children 276心理学书籍 psychspace.com.t7LP,^ E,oE [W

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  Sibling Relationships 276心理学书籍 psychspace.com%b Zu^-T

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  The Only Child 277心理学书籍 psychspace.com,A L6q)Wo+~QY

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  Playmates and Friends 278

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k6{ N?XR{)k;G0 Box 8.1 Research in Action Does Play Have an Evolutionary Basis 265

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Part 4 Middle Childhood

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A$f ewb@'Y0c0chapter 9 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood 282

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PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 284

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q!P^,n_t;d0  Height and Weight 284心理学书籍 psychspace.com,`T@ j%J n&KR4~

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  Nutrition and Sleep 284

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 Health, Fitness, and Safety 288

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;he/M}M O0  Other Medical Conditions 290心理学书籍 psychspace.com+O!w~6q"dx;n,Y

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  Accidental Injuries 291心理学书籍 psychspace.com~0w+VU*r(s)d o:N0a V

K@Y4eC]ei0COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 292

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]9Y%B ZZ}*MU0 Piagetian Approach: The Concrete Operational Child 292心理学书籍 psychspace.com(?P(M!j+fl

S'B1] U0G%}9o0  Cognitive Advances 292心理学书籍 psychspace.com4^)Lh J?rHt

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  Influences of Neurological Development, Culture, and Schooling 295

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  Moral Reasoning 296心理学书籍 psychspace.com;Q*H'p C"M;V3A D\!be

ah"fB0s)M0 Information-Processing Approach: Planning, Attention, and Memory 297

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  How Do Executive Skills Develop 297心理学书籍 psychspace.comX'of$E R

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  Selective Attention 297心理学书籍 psychspace.comr-SD-Vi

Sv svF0  Working Memory 297

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  Metamemory: Understanding Memory 298心理学书籍 psychspace.com(z$h1Q0oM&]ED O W

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  Mnemonics: Strategies for Remembering 298心理学书籍 psychspace.com k {;yiY.m;~

mc4lC,\`*N8_0  Information Processing and Piagetian Tasks 300

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 Psychometric Approach: Assessment of Intelligence 300

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  The IQ Controversy 300心理学书籍 psychspace.com%{(`;u}7ia2\*k y

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  Influences on Intelligence (IQ) 301

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  Is There More Than One Intelligence  304心理学书籍 psychspace.com$d}Ff9b/@d

.ptr+P];Hq0  Other Directions in Intelligence Testing 306心理学书籍 psychspace.comm4GH mL

e"Bb}8q7T4]0 Language and Literacy 306心理学书籍 psychspace.com1[&cee9Wa,] A

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  Vocabulary, Grammar, and Syntax 306心理学书籍 psychspace.com0a"o]M|-S*Mg#f

WeLTt8\JPO(l0  Pragmatics: Knowledge about Communication 307心理学书籍 psychspace.com$_ O&]7ynvL j

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  Second-Language Learning 308

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0?o6e9AM$t-\0  Becoming Literate 308

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_#ce yrZx:N-T0  Entering First Grade 309心理学书籍 psychspace.comckE'g~jm x

W'T'MtHA,a`3H0  Influences on School Achievement 310心理学书籍 psychspace.com7O'{(Oi C{!C*w

LI3w G/ow\}E0 Educating Children with Special Needs 313

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  Children with Learning Problems 313

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1?.Q"W"Ou([g#s$T0 summary and key terms 318心理学书籍 psychspace.comGe%tvxU-C&E

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 Box 9.1 Research in Action Do Barbie Dolls Affect Girls' Body Image 289心理学书籍 psychspace.comb)G]1L*ky/v

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chapter 10 Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood 322

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#Pb(s/K*V6IDGq}j G0 The Developing Self 324心理学书籍 psychspace.com0Lb B:p:i

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  Self-Concept Development: Representational Systems 324

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  Self-Esteem 324

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e;]L M%fSP(M0  Emotional Growth and Prosocial Behavior 325心理学书籍 psychspace.com+p!NB$Z W8mM

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 The Child in the Family 326

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  Family Atmosphere 326心理学书籍 psychspace.coml~*m!yPu7zn n

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  Family Structure 330心理学书籍 psychspace.com4B%X K s K.HX0M

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  Sibling Relationships 335心理学书籍 psychspace.com8pS9}iVx\s

)R$R&R9xj d6st^M0 The Child in the Peer Group 336

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3~ @@g/?:Tc0  Positive and Negative Effects of Peer Relations 336

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:sI4ecqt0  Popularity 337心理学书籍 psychspace.comP;}*{u_-a2P5c!BD#@S

O]gAXP P0  Friendship 338心理学书籍 psychspace.comuygn T"DX:O

)w DqvD0  Aggression and Bullying 339心理学书籍 psychspace.com8k bb'xF l+g vfc9A

:Kp'`.S6\'mcv1l2`0 Mental Health 343

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  Common Emotional Problems 343

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  Treatment Techniques 345

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b6U+P?)}4H0  Stress and Resilience 346心理学书籍 psychspace.com+Fh V'Ge-m2A

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 summary and key terms 350心理学书籍 psychspace.com)}^2BqA f^

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 Box 10.1 Research in Action Pass the Milk: Family Mealtimes and Child Well-Being 327心理学书籍 psychspace.com[f['o#aN

5V"h:oM,k ~0 Box 10.2 Research in Action Talking to Children about Terrorism and War 348

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/?g?+T"xc zZ0Part 5 Adolescence

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c{a9C6X RF0chapter 11 Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence 352心理学书籍 psychspace.comd Q)Y:m tR'mh

km`R6B O s `D,R+Z-`0 Adolescence: A Developmental Transition 354

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"E#nwfvgf0  Adolescence as a Social Construction 354

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  Adolescence: A Time of Opportunities and Risks 355

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?ihL]j{4Ppm0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 355心理学书籍 psychspace.comKwg5Ac Fw

&_@%Q],h+e:ci0 Puberty 355

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]C8D+V#L3[y%y0  How Puberty Begins: Hormonal Changes 355

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  Timing, Signs, and Sequence of Puberty and Sexual Maturity 357

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 The Adolescent Brain 360

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 Physical and Mental Health 362

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  Sleep Needs and Problems 363

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/sSN#k'C1vZY0  Nutrition and Eating Disorders 363

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  Use and Abuse of Drugs 367心理学书籍 psychspace.com{s/Ce6i n

JL4_Okni'd0  Depression 370心理学书籍 psychspace.com#`4]x8cn&F5|K

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  Death in Adolescence 371心理学书籍 psychspace.com]A:SSH)o1w!h5} }

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 372

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 Aspects of Cognitive Maturation 372心理学书籍 psychspace.comFz @+m"iK b

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  Piaget's Stage of Formal Operations 372

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  Changes in Information Processing 374心理学书籍 psychspace.com7Vr2H+p}mS

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  Language Development 375

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7[M6[o|Y0  Moral Reasoning: Kohlberg's Theory 375心理学书籍 psychspace.comB7AF6im.DY

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  An Ethic of Care: Gilligan's Theory 378心理学书籍 psychspace.com1Y2p;fBd2no`T

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  Prosocial Behavior and Volunteer Activity 378心理学书籍 psychspace.com K]9NQ5e+BFv

t?[do#q]s0 Educational and Vocational Issues 379

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4Q2l8\o(e/R0  Influences on School Achievement 380心理学书籍 psychspace.comZf0M0kn:f1v#s }+zC

7FJO3C;j vC.V0  Dropping Out of High School 383

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  Preparing for Higher Education or Vocations 384心理学书籍 psychspace.com3^ [D'b*D

mA G"X)OL/^0 summary and key terms 386心理学书籍 psychspace.com6r%MUt7X ]$F$D

*W-Ta^9^Z*XP*l0 Box 11.1 Window on the World The Globalization of Adolescence 356心理学书籍 psychspace.com E,vUgS`

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 Box 11.2 Research in Action Multitasking and Gen M 383

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chapter 12 Psychosocial Development in Adolescence 388

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 The Search for Identity 390

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  Gender Differences in Identity Formation 393心理学书籍 psychspace.comX2F"O9r%}N@bUa

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  Ethnic Factors in Identity Formation 394心理学书籍 psychspace.com-YemAz ?#fX

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 Sexuality 395心理学书籍 psychspace.com0A5h o2Hu(U{*Ep

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  Sexual Orientation and Identity 396

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  Sexual Behavior 397

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m[C#a)h v CIi,K;@x0  Teenage Pregnancy and Childbearing 401

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;kh+ve6p+P~|0{0  Is Adolescent Rebellion a Myth 403心理学书籍 psychspace.com x2]3EHy,oo]W

6in.M_O-@&z7@(w6h!W0  Changing Time Use and Changing Relationships 404心理学书籍 psychspace.com:P&`BG2{"V

[2S&W9gzT6|CE0  Adolescents and Parents 405心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ p2k'C tmby+i

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  Adolescents and Siblings 408心理学书籍 psychspace.com lJ'y5x%jcWp5Ur

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  Adolescents and Peers 409

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_(m%WNN;G Il0 Antisocial Behavior and Juvenile Delinquency 412心理学书籍 psychspace.comEg!f0b;uq D S

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  Becoming a Delinquent: Genetic and Neurological Factors 412心理学书籍 psychspace.comW.W3DU|V"O

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  Becoming a Delinquent: How Family, Peer, and Community Influences  Interact 412

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~p:s;lm0  Long-Term Prospects 414心理学书籍 psychspace.com;~,cWZ~i'F1wAr

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  Preventing and Treating Delinquency 415心理学书籍 psychspace.com4zX7GgI

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 summary and key terms 417

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hHQ%p7~ gr8z0 Box 12.1 Research in Action Consequences of the Social Network 411

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 Box 12.2 Research in Action The Youth Violence Epidemic 414心理学书籍 psychspace.com]4O~ j E~$~Ih\Bm

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%U+AO`:e:|0chapter 13 Physical and Cognitive Development in Emerging and Young Adulthood 418

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%k.hLC2m0 Emerging Adulthood 420心理学书籍 psychspace.com+dl"iM{P['l

(b*I pT(jg(Q0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 421

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 Health and Fitness 421心理学书籍 psychspace.com,m.M*KT vX

T1u/m)Xz(q0  Health Status and Health Issues 421

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  Genetic Influences on Health 422心理学书籍 psychspace.com7TD4V+^+W)X;Q3J

1\ `:t:Uf@,N+Jg+nL0  Behavioral Influences on Health and Fitness 422

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  Indirect Influences on Health 426

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  Mental Health Problems 429心理学书籍 psychspace.comxp!_dD#L^ a2Xg

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 Sexual and Reproductive Issues 430

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6t_p%h7?Jh4K4v0  Sexual Behavior and Attitudes 431心理学书籍 psychspace.com4WZ,p6Zm(bT$~BA/n @

%SyR@t;e$W([x0  Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) 431心理学书籍 psychspace.comvi bQW4f

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  Menstrual Disorders 432心理学书籍 psychspace.comS]SJ9lXf

q2wC o0ET$Z"~%At0  Infertility 433心理学书籍 psychspace.com6B_ AA7JU S

t:D"c H%o0COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 434心理学书籍 psychspace.comK4w5u+Iub

C{7V/Zbv7@0 Perspectives on Adult Cognition 434

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K0I ^udB-vG0  Beyond Piaget: New Ways of Thinking in Adulthood 434心理学书籍 psychspace.com.J;t l#NHH

Mpy6vI}#P0  Schaie: A Life-Span Model of Cognitive Development 436

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  Emotional Intelligence 438

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:d2~%S9b&B%wXpT0 Moral Reasoning 439心理学书籍 psychspace.com-l3{t _n

"pv;{2rt O7C4s0  Culture and Moral Reasoning 439心理学书籍 psychspace.com^ T@mZI

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  Gender and Moral Reasoning 441心理学书籍 psychspace.com8P{KG&p,{a

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 Education and Work 442心理学书籍 psychspace.com"n!SZ7\8Bu

9F?2Y^D,kfa7vE0  The College Transition 443

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{OZ[0g4J s(k8^?|0  Entering the World of Work 445

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 summary and key terms 448心理学书籍 psychspace.com4v0w9c CQ Qma

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 Box 13.1 Research in Action Assisted Reproductive Technology 434

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 Box 13.2 Research in Action Development of Faith across the Life Span 440

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E7aUo?2n4L\0chapter 14 Psychosocial Development in Emerging and Young Adulthood 450心理学书籍 psychspace.comAp1TK JL"mL

v%PW&j g K+k%M0 Emerging Adulthood: Patterns and Tasks 452

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G-^2xzMEn7p0  Varied Paths to Adulthood 452

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  Identity Development in Emerging Adulthood 453

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Ng9x Id%Q2`k L*t0  Developing Adult Relationships with Parents 455

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 Personality Development: Four Views 456心理学书籍 psychspace.com;luO1L,GP&M1Ru~R8R

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  Normative-Stage Models 457心理学书籍 psychspace.com|6rB+n#ri

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  Timing-of-Events Model 458心理学书籍 psychspace.com,W:yU5t[

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  Trait Models: Costa and McCrae's Five Factors 459

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  Typological Models 461

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 Foundations of Intimate Relationships 462

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  Friendship 462

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  Love 463心理学书籍 psychspace.com4@1Gb2AZm*z"\ c+P

L@*||/kPg$m8{s0 Marital and Nonmarital Lifestyles 464

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p:w%| j:y/]0KDT0  Single Life 464心理学书籍 psychspace.comILn4~)yu9VQVI

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  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 465

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LSCuNM S:^|2\0  Marriage 467

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 Parenthood 470

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3} Lb J9YM'e] q VT0  Parenthood as a Developmental Experience 470

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  How Dual-Income Families Cope 472心理学书籍 psychspace.com f e4y_#L F E#k k ?:[

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 When Marriage Ends 473

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  Remarriage and Stepparenthood 475心理学书籍 psychspace.com.[7k&^,sN7l_

viMPqD W$u,@0 summary and key terms 476心理学书籍 psychspace.com{fw-H5~P

yI\S1]#_]h'S*u0 Box 14.1 Research in Action The Millennials 453心理学书籍 psychspace.com,aY/QV0B

+|Q6@wn/^6A(N0 Box 14.2 Research in Action Intimate Partner Violence 474心理学书籍 psychspace.com'TKCW:i*e

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)?Hop7S:Ui0Part 7 Middle Adulthood

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"Ja5Lo*~ cp X0chapter 15 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood 478心理学书籍 psychspace.com6gpm@$`*G&@

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 Middle Age: A Social Construct 480心理学书籍 psychspace.com4jz"a`I0T4k

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PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 482

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Q7\MovW,}D0 Physical Changes 482心理学书籍 psychspace.com&Gqyjj0t7l"u

2S&t8U7qoX}0  Sensory and Psychomotor Functioning 482心理学书籍 psychspace.comS4V#Z/nh9Vd%_ m

0iy&X&h|v3@|5G0  The Brain at Midlife 483心理学书籍 psychspace.com9T!weaY ?

L ^ f*s{d$b0  Structural and Systemic Changes 484心理学书籍 psychspace.comtsRK!n1~z

9_6Uk*vgY{/?0 Sexuality and Reproductive Functioning 485

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e'Fa(p7NU3_ aw,tx0  Health Trends at Midlife 488

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  Behavioral Influences on Health 490心理学书籍 psychspace.comz*p#D5c"u.wm+s

2Bs gV;v0  Socioeconomic Status and Health 490

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  Race/Ethnicity and Health 491

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?,R.M Ty6r#^9Pj0  Gender and Health 492心理学书籍 psychspace.com|*Da?;xm"p/Z

5_Qt0z'd:u,ms0  Stress in Middle Age 495

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  Emotions and Health 496

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Q~rr!^0  Mental Health 497心理学书籍 psychspace.comEo5H COZ

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 499心理学书籍 psychspace.com MRBlm&[%G7U

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 Measuring Cognitive Abilities in Middle Age 499

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  Schaie: The Seattle Longitudinal Study 499

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1\N3P`M$t0  Horn and Cattell: Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence 501心理学书籍 psychspace.com y)N FU6pH)D1m#^f

T1Kk X f G0 The Distinctiveness of Adult Cognition 501

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1O4M!D G$@ R0  The Role of Expertise 501

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tAVO#Egz0  Integrative Thought 502心理学书籍 psychspace.com*aag^D

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 Creativity 503

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  Characteristics of Creative Achievers 503心理学书籍 psychspace.com*c{9kL7q

v@W2E~4k$t!Z0  Creativity and Age 503心理学书籍 psychspace.com'Xs~ Cw+YD)DQ

x(Z|P{2\N F0 Work and Education 504心理学书籍 psychspace.com'D#M:{,l!PjLo?,o

3H'IN.?m A0  Work versus Early Retirement 504

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0S;n)s2CT:eT9S |3B k u-l0  Work and Cognitive Development 505

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e2}.lZS9n!l!f0  The Mature Learner 505

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3~KLM^q(qG6|0 summary and key terms 506心理学书籍 psychspace.com,e D#N g(\ Nr,o

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 Box 15.1 Window on the World Cultural Differences in Women's Experience of Menopause 488

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chapter 16 Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood 508心理学书籍 psychspace.com{N+I!fJ/J

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 Looking at the Life Course in Middle Age 510

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 Change at Midlife: Theoretical Approaches 511

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  Normative-Stage Models 512

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  Timing of Events: The Social Clock 515心理学书籍 psychspace.com g)X2bd]ci,D/A(w

l.`?&_&?x+d#Q8x0 The Self at Midlife: Issues and Themes 515

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  Is There a Midlife Crisis 515心理学书籍 psychspace.com5`?#q0M9U!dl1V hb6v

M!jd9_ y,g0  Identity Development 516心理学书籍 psychspace.comMYuo\

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  Psychological Well-Being and Positive Mental Health 519心理学书籍 psychspace.com,fsPSZP0Y

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 Relationships at Midlife 522心理学书籍 psychspace.com*y}ns1^6P

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  Theories of Social Contact 522心理学书籍 psychspace.com7_\o,J'q%eA7|K

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  Relationships, Gender, and Quality of Life 523

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 Consensual Relationships 523

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  Marriage 523心理学书籍 psychspace.com:}$wX(BMP3M!T2R

{ yz8@k$G7V0  Cohabitation 524心理学书籍 psychspace.com-M(W9Hq"u}$_

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  Divorce 524

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  Marital Status, Well-Being, and Health 525

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_|+{ jn%[0  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 526心理学书籍 psychspace.comXt._8d"|3[)C#\

YZ6^,ihKfT0  Friendships 527

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 Relationships with Maturing Children 527

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  Adolescent Children: Issues for Parents 528心理学书籍 psychspace.com^Abo#EhM+Dp{ G

?c L8d8{`1i(x0  When Children Leave: The Empty Nest 528

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  Parenting Grown Children 529

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O W+[g$L+U%N:g0  Prolonged Parenting: The “Cluttered Nest” 529

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 Other Kinship Ties 530心理学书籍 psychspace.comEY S4tq

I)yf0S%DL0y6E0  Relationships with Aging Parents 530

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msT'YyX h#j9X#]0  Relationships with Siblings 532

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)D8ot6D q6P5t1u0  Grandparenthood 532心理学书籍 psychspace.com9TaH2y[.Q2j

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 summary and key terms 535心理学书籍 psychspace.commv.i2O;{ifyfF7v

/M J:nb9q%x6ET-S0 Box 16.1 Window on the World A Society without Middle Age 511

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.a%eD2u,C4Ys0Part 8 Late Adulthood

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chapter 17 Physical and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood 538心理学书籍 psychspace.com'T|{w&h

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 Old Age Today 540

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)p$VH1C8oDA0  The Graying of the Population 540

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mF"k+l&d9? ZC0  Young Old to Oldest Old 541心理学书籍 psychspace.comofcd,p

5}*F+n"V4c u-Y0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 542心理学书籍 psychspace.com$T R.^[ R HPz

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 Longevity and Aging 542

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A;uOs Si"u2mA0  Trends and Factors in Life Expectancy 542

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  Why People Age 544心理学书籍 psychspace.comIB"[J"@T9`f%\&[

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  How Far Can the Life Span Be Extended 547

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 Physical Changes 549心理学书籍 psychspace.com%| x*~6DZ

V3mcVQ I0  Organic and Systemic Changes 549心理学书籍 psychspace.coms:V#Lk3D

6\P+L2x(iVLb!E}0  The Aging Brain 550

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  Sensory and Psychomotor Functioning 551

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oj9H T5q@{0  Sexual Functioning 553心理学书籍 psychspace.com&F_%?"Ruy

:M-L;up ?%Ic0 Physical and Mental Health 554心理学书籍 psychspace.com/y*L$b8]9|2r'k t

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  Health Status 554

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O O\ h6j CS0  Chronic Conditions and Disabilities 554心理学书籍 psychspace.com3YVo_)s4hr\7Qk

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  Lifestyle Influences on Health and Longevity 555

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4nNG-^c%C0Q,p0  Mental and Behavioral Problems 557

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 562

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 Aspects of Cognitive Development 562

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0du3w |w I-xU0  Intelligence and Processing Abilities 562心理学书籍 psychspace.comxS!x:kO"T

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  Memory: How Does It Change 565心理学书籍 psychspace.com |j'Gq3m!X1i8l

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  Wisdom 568

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 Box 17.1 Research in Action Centenarians 547

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4\I"a!m4d0 Theory and Research on Personality Development 574

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R|H|y"T0  The Five-Factor Model: Personality Traits in Old Age 575心理学书籍 psychspace.com#p} s V/V0?Y

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 Well-Being in Late Adulthood 577心理学书籍 psychspace.com4W;c7L-M.\3[o

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  Coping and Mental Health 577

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 Practical and Social Issues Related to Aging 582心理学书籍 psychspace.comI w9SD({

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  Work and Retirement 583心理学书籍 psychspace.com%hKe{g.[A

@,RJ` ~U-L6tK0  How Do Older Adults Fare Financially 585心理学书籍 psychspace.com3P%fS+m C6F*CR ?.|7G

\'Eqra wL0  Living Arrangements 586心理学书籍 psychspace.com0IT]["b)D

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 Personal Relationships in Late Life 590

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j]N8Lx3l'd2A)m,C0  Theories of Social Contact and Social Support 590心理学书籍 psychspace.com.w6{*F@,V

u@%O(B$Q8|Y0  The Importance of Social Relationships 591

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 Marital Relationships 592

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  Long-Term Marriage 592

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NeRh8k-_ |B0  Widowhood 594心理学书籍 psychspace.comPZ h'w-A l)K

$dmu1j p:Z$F0  Divorce and Remarriage 594

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 Nonmarital Lifestyles and Relationships 595

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  Cohabitation 595心理学书籍 psychspace.comv5]|r-bh8`{@

%I/_7`A [r'q N8C0  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 596

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  Relationships with Adult Children 597

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  Relationships with Siblings 599心理学书籍 psychspace.com/wg8wh(H;hBv8GE

6T/Gr eA&|6kfM;^n/o0  Becoming Great-Grandparents 599心理学书籍 psychspace.comr8i s5s;\M

9Tc M,v'TI(zr'A0 summary and key terms 600

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(l/k ioS4A`i g0 Box 18.1 Window on the World Aging in Asia 583

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 Box 18.2 Research in Action Mistreatment of the Elderly 598

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 The Many, Changing Meaning of Death and Dying 604

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  The Cultural Context 604

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wN u`7}J'U6wH0  The Mortality Revolution 605

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  Care of the Dying 605心理学书籍 psychspace.comB/t6k2R vU i+Nv

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 Facing Death and Loss 606心理学书籍 psychspace.com lI K%rZ5AYt"x

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  Physical and Cognitive Changes Preceding Death 606心理学书籍 psychspace.com1?'Bx uhB2Z/s5tYz

s*@KG@-etC Gv0  Confronting One's Own Death 607

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"H;{ h4d+EL8mbi6y{0  Patterns of Grieving 607

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  Attitudes about Death and Dying across the Life Span 610心理学书籍 psychspace.comNB qHK(] g"P

,|8e/S1@9ru-[EJ0 Significant Losses 612

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|@&aNJvS[0  Surviving a Spouse 612

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  Losing a Parent in Adulthood 613心理学书籍 psychspace.comj h9O1X L[J1[

x%X+?]x_s0  Losing a Child 615

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  Mourning a Miscarriage 615

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 Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues: The “Right to Die” 616

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  Suicide 616心理学书籍 psychspace.comfP&JCNiy]

3wN{8T)KC0  Hastening Death 618

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 Finding Meaning and Purpose in Life and Death 623心理学书籍 psychspace.com8h;d%B:L-D.v-g(U^)D

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  Reviewing a Life 623心理学书籍 psychspace.com0CssE1Q?Yc

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  Development: A Lifelong Process 624心理学书籍 psychspace.com&OL\j e!Q&G,w

KY S2z2JX,y0 summary and key terms 624心理学书籍 psychspace.com+X"P6L0{Q/X4b+U'H J

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 Box 19.1 Research in Action Ambiguous Loss 609

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Glossary G-1

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Wl j7WU%s0Bibliography B-1

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Credits C-1

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Name Index I-1心理学书籍 psychspace.com R6a c.g(S g%g

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Subject Index I-23心理学书籍 psychspace.com%T#Nk6s'o-^^

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