心理学书籍 » 发展心理学(第12版 英文版)
发展心理学(第12版 英文版)

这本《发展心理学》(Experience Human Development)(第12版)是发展心理学领域的经典著作,自第一版面世至今,在美国市场上一直是同类书中的领导品牌,被众多著名大学和院校指定为教材。

发展心理学(第12版 英文版)

作者:戴安娜·帕帕拉,露丝·费尔德曼

出版:人民邮电出版社 2015-1

平装:大16开/765页

ISBN:9787115373465

定价:128.00

内容简介

  与之前的版本相比,本版书具有“独”到之处,主要体现在以下三方面。

  其一,书名有变化。从第12版开始,书名由原来的“Human Development”改为“Experience Human Development”。“experience”一词体现了本书的新理念——体验式,也突显了这个版本的新特点:(1)注重理论联系实际,让读者充分体验一种与他们的现实世界紧密相联的项目。(2)重视文化的作用:让读者体验文化的多样性以及文化对发展的影响。(3)课程资料丰富详实:让读者在浩瀚详实的课程资料中汲取知识。(4)精选前沿研究:让读者接触到当前最新的发展心理学的研究。 

  其二,本版书的目标更加全面:(1)传授发展心理学基础知识;(2)介绍发展心理学研究方法;(3)培养发展心理学的批判性思维技巧;(4)注重发展心理学的应用;(5)弘扬发展心理学的价值;(6)培养发展心理学的技术素养;(7)发展交流沟通技能;(8)提高社会文化和国际意识;(9)注重个体发展;(10)帮助个体规划职业生涯和发展。 

  其三,作者团队增加了新成员。加布里埃拉·玛托雷尔(Gabriela Martorell)在加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校获得发展和进化心理学博士,在多所大学教授心理学研究方法、毕生发展心理学、心理学中的文化议题和进化心理学等多门课程。

目录

Contents

Part 1 About Human Development

chapter 1 The Study of Human Development 2

 Human Development: An Ever-Evolving Field 4

  Studying the Life Span 5

  Human Development Today 5

 The Study of Human Development: Basic Concepts 5

  Domains of Development 6

  Periods of the Life Span 7

 Influences on Development 10

  Heredity, Environment, and Maturation 10

  Contexts of Development 10

  Normative and Nonnormative Influences 15

  Timing of Influences: Critical or Sensitive Periods 16

 Paul B. Baltes's Life-Span Developmental Approach 18

 summary and key terms 20

 Box 1.1 Window on the World Children of Immigrant Families 14

 Box 1.2 Research in Action Is There a Critical Period for Language Acquisition 18

chapter 2 Theory and Research 22

 Basic Theoretical Issues 24

  Issue 1: Is Development Active or Reactive 25

  Issue 2: Is Development Continuous or Discontinuous 26

 Theoretical Perspectives 26

  Perspective 1: Psychoanalytic 27

  Perspective 2: Learning 30

  Perspective 3: Cognitive 32

  Perspective 4: Contextual 35

  Perspective 5: Evolutionary/Sociobiological 37

  A Shifting Balance 37

 Research Methods 38

  Quantitative and Qualitative Research 38

  Sampling 39

  Forms of Data Collection 40

  Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research 42

  Basic Research Designs 42

  Developmental Research Designs 47

 Ethics of Research 49

 summary and key terms 50

 Box 2.1 Window on the World Purposes of Cross-Cultural Research 44

Part 2 Beginnings

chapter 3 Forming a New Life 52

 Conceiving New Life 54

  How Fertilization Takes Place 54

  What Causes Multiple Births 55

 Mechanisms of Heredity 56

  The Genetic Code 56

  What Determines Sex 57

  Patterns of Genetic Transmission 58

  Genetic and Chromosomal Abnormalities 61

  Genetic Counseling and Testing 65

 Nature and Nurture: Influences of Heredity and Environment 67

  Studying Heredity and Environment 68

  How Heredity and Environment Work Together 69

  Some Characteristics Influenced by Heredity and Environment 72

 Prenatal Development 74

  Stages of Prenatal Development 75

  Environmental Influences: Maternal Factors 81

  Environmental Influences: Paternal Factors 88

 Monitoring and Promoting Prenatal Development 88

  Disparities in Prenatal Care 90

  The Need for Preconception Care 90

 summary and key terms 91

 Box 3.1 Research in Action Genetic Testing 66

chapter 4 Birth and Physical Development during the First Three Years 94

 Childbirth and Culture: How Birthing Has Changed 96

 The Birth Process 98

  Stages of Childbirth 98

  Electronic Fetal Monitoring 98

  Vaginal versus Cesarean Delivery 99

  Medicated versus Nonmedicated Delivery 100

 The Newborn Baby 101

  Size and Appearance 102

  Body Systems 102

  Medical and Behavioral Assessment 103

  States of Arousal 104

 Complications of Childbirth 105

  Low Birth Weight 105

  Can a Supportive Environment Overcome Effects of Birth Complications 109

  Postmaturity 110

  Stillbirth 110

 Survival and Health 111

  Reducing Infant Mortality 111

  Immunization for Better Health 114

 Early Physical Development 115

  Principles of Development 115

  Growth Patterns 116

  Nutrition 116

  The Brain and Reflex Behavior 118

  Early Sensory Capacities 126

 Motor Development 127

  Milestones of Motor Development 127

  Motor Development and Perception 130

  Eleanor and James Gibson's Ecological Theory of Perception 130

  How Motor Development Occurs: Thelen's Dynamic Systems Theory 131

  Cultural Influences on Motor Development 132

 summary and key terms 132

 Box 4.1 Research in Action Lessons from Neuroscience 119

 Box 4.2 Research in Action The Autism “Epidemic” 122

chapter 5 Cognitive Development during the First Three Years 136

 Studying Cognitive Development: Six Approaches 138

 Behaviorist Approach: Basic Mechanics of Learning 139

  Classical and Operant Conditioning 139

  Infant Memory 139

 Psychometric Approach: Developmental and Intelligence Testing 141

  Testing Infants and Toddlers 141

  Assessing the Impact of the Early Home Environment 142

  Early Intervention 142

 Piagetian Approach: The Sensorimotor Stage 144

  Substages of the Sensorimotor Stage 144

  Do Imitative Abilities Develop Earlier than Piaget Thought 147

  Development of Knowledge about Objects and Symbols 149

  Evaluating Piaget's Sensorimotor Stage 151

 Information-Processing Approach: Perceptions and Representations 151

  Habituation 151

  Visual and Auditory Perceptual and Processing Abilities 152

  Information Processing as a Predictor of Intelligence 153

  Information Processing and the Development of Piagetian Abilities 155

  Evaluating Information Processing Research on Infants 158

 Cognitive Neuroscience Approach: The Brain's Cognitive Structures 159

 Social-Contextual Approach: Learning from Interactions with Caregivers 160

 Language Development 161

  Sequence of Early Language Development 161

  Characteristics of Early Speech 165

  Classic Theories of Language Acquisition: The Nature-Nurture Debate 166

  Influences on Early Language Development 168

  Preparing for Literacy: The Benefits of Reading Aloud 170

 summary and key terms 171

 Box 5.1 Research in Action Do Infants and Toddlers Watch Too Much Television 154

chapter 6 Psychosocial Development during the First Three Years 174

 Foundations of Psychosocial Development 176

  Emotions 176

  Temperament 181

  Earliest Social Experiences: The Infant in the Family 184

  Gender: How Different Are Baby Boys and Girls 186

 Developmental Issues in Infancy 187

  Developing Trust 187

  Developing Attachments 188

  Emotional Communication with Caregivers: Mutual Regulation 193

  Social Referencing 193

 Developmental Issues in Toddlerhood 195

  The Emerging Sense of Self 195

  Development of Autonomy 196

  The Roots of Moral Development: Socialization and Internalization 196

 Contact with Other Children 200

  Siblings 200

  Sociability with Nonsiblings 201

 Children of Working Parents 201

  Effects of Maternal Employment 201

  Early Child Care 202

 Maltreatment: Abuse and Neglect 205

  Maltreatment in Infancy and Toddlerhood 205

  Contributing Factors: An Ecological View 206

  Helping Families in Trouble 207

  Long-Term Effects of Maltreatment 208

 summary and key terms 209

 Box 6.1 Research in Action How Postpartum Depression Affects Early Development 194

 Box 6.2 Window on the World Are Struggles with Toddlers Necessary 198

Part 3 Early Childhood

chapter 7 Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood 212

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 214

 Aspects of Physical Development 214

  Bodily Growth and Change 214

  Sleep Patterns and Problems 215

  Brain Development 217

  Motor Skills 217

 Health and Safety 220

  Preventing Obesity 220

  Undernutrition 221

  Food Allergies 222

  Deaths and Accidental Injuries 223

  Health in Context: Environmental Influences 223

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 227

 Piagetian Approach: The Preoperational Child 227

  Advances of Preoperational Thought 228

  Immature Aspects of Preoperational Thought 230

  Do Young Children Have Theories of Mind 232

 Information-Processing Approach: Memory Development 235

  Basic Processes and Capacities 235

  Recognition and Recall 236

  Forming and Retaining Childhood Memories 236

 Intelligence: Psychometric and Vygotskian Approaches 238

  Traditional Psychometric Measures 238

  Influences on Measured Intelligence 239

  Testing and Teaching Based on Vygotsky's Theory 239

 Language Development 240

  Vocabulary 240

  Grammar and Syntax 241

  Pragmatics and Social Speech 242

  Private Speech 242

  Delayed Language Development 242

  Preparation for Literacy 243

  Media and Cognition 244

 Early Childhood Education 244

  Types of Preschools 244

  Compensatory Preschool Programs 245

  The Child in Kindergarten 246

 summary and key terms 247

 Box 7.1 Research in Action Food Security 222

 Box 7.2 Window on the World Surviving the First Five Years of Life 224

chapter 8 Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood 250

 The Developing Self 252

  The Self-Concept and Cognitive Development 252

  Self-Esteem 253

  Understanding and Regulating Emotions 254

  Erikson: Initiative versus Guilt 256

 Gender 256

  Gender Differences 256

  Perspectives on Gender Development 257

 Play: The Business of Early Childhood 264

  Cognitive Levels of Play 264

  The Social Dimension of Play 266

  How Gender Influences Play 267

  How Culture Influences Play 268

 Parenting 269

  Forms of Discipline 269

  Parenting Styles 271

  Special Behavioral Concerns 273

 Relationships with Other Children 276

  Sibling Relationships 276

  The Only Child 277

  Playmates and Friends 278

 summary and key terms 279

 Box 8.1 Research in Action Does Play Have an Evolutionary Basis 265

Part 4 Middle Childhood

chapter 9 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood 282

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 284

 Aspects of Physical Development 284

  Height and Weight 284

  Nutrition and Sleep 284

  Brain Development 285

  Motor Development and Physical Play 286

 Health, Fitness, and Safety 288

  Obesity and Body Image 288

  Other Medical Conditions 290

  Accidental Injuries 291

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 292

 Piagetian Approach: The Concrete Operational Child 292

  Cognitive Advances 292

  Influences of Neurological Development, Culture, and Schooling 295

  Moral Reasoning 296

 Information-Processing Approach: Planning, Attention, and Memory 297

  How Do Executive Skills Develop 297

  Selective Attention 297

  Working Memory 297

  Metamemory: Understanding Memory 298

  Mnemonics: Strategies for Remembering 298

  Information Processing and Piagetian Tasks 300

 Psychometric Approach: Assessment of Intelligence 300

  The IQ Controversy 300

  Influences on Intelligence (IQ) 301

  Is There More Than One Intelligence  304

  Other Directions in Intelligence Testing 306

 Language and Literacy 306

  Vocabulary, Grammar, and Syntax 306

  Pragmatics: Knowledge about Communication 307

  Second-Language Learning 308

  Becoming Literate 308

 The Child In School 309

  Entering First Grade 309

  Influences on School Achievement 310

 Educating Children with Special Needs 313

  Children with Learning Problems 313

  Gifted Children 317

 summary and key terms 318

 Box 9.1 Research in Action Do Barbie Dolls Affect Girls' Body Image 289

chapter 10 Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood 322

 The Developing Self 324

  Self-Concept Development: Representational Systems 324

  Self-Esteem 324

  Emotional Growth and Prosocial Behavior 325

 The Child in the Family 326

  Family Atmosphere 326

  Family Structure 330

  Sibling Relationships 335

 The Child in the Peer Group 336

  Positive and Negative Effects of Peer Relations 336

  Popularity 337

  Friendship 338

  Aggression and Bullying 339

 Mental Health 343

  Common Emotional Problems 343

  Treatment Techniques 345

  Stress and Resilience 346

 summary and key terms 350

 Box 10.1 Research in Action Pass the Milk: Family Mealtimes and Child Well-Being 327

 Box 10.2 Research in Action Talking to Children about Terrorism and War 348

Part 5 Adolescence

chapter 11 Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence 352

 Adolescence: A Developmental Transition 354

  Adolescence as a Social Construction 354

  Adolescence: A Time of Opportunities and Risks 355

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 355

 Puberty 355

  How Puberty Begins: Hormonal Changes 355

  Timing, Signs, and Sequence of Puberty and Sexual Maturity 357

 The Adolescent Brain 360

 Physical and Mental Health 362

  Physical Activity 362

  Sleep Needs and Problems 363

  Nutrition and Eating Disorders 363

  Use and Abuse of Drugs 367

  Depression 370

  Death in Adolescence 371

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 372

 Aspects of Cognitive Maturation 372

  Piaget's Stage of Formal Operations 372

  Changes in Information Processing 374

  Language Development 375

  Moral Reasoning: Kohlberg's Theory 375

  An Ethic of Care: Gilligan's Theory 378

  Prosocial Behavior and Volunteer Activity 378

 Educational and Vocational Issues 379

  Influences on School Achievement 380

  Dropping Out of High School 383

  Preparing for Higher Education or Vocations 384

 summary and key terms 386

 Box 11.1 Window on the World The Globalization of Adolescence 356

 Box 11.2 Research in Action Multitasking and Gen M 383

chapter 12 Psychosocial Development in Adolescence 388

 The Search for Identity 390

  Erikson : Identity versus Identity Confusion 390

  Marcia: Identity Status—Crisis and Commitment 391

  Gender Differences in Identity Formation 393

  Ethnic Factors in Identity Formation 394

 Sexuality 395

  Sexual Orientation and Identity 396

  Sexual Behavior 397

  Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) 399

  Teenage Pregnancy and Childbearing 401

 Relationships with Family, Peers, and Adult Society 403

  Is Adolescent Rebellion a Myth 403

  Changing Time Use and Changing Relationships 404

  Adolescents and Parents 405

  Adolescents and Siblings 408

  Adolescents and Peers 409

 Antisocial Behavior and Juvenile Delinquency 412

  Becoming a Delinquent: Genetic and Neurological Factors 412

  Becoming a Delinquent: How Family, Peer, and Community Influences  Interact 412

  Long-Term Prospects 414

  Preventing and Treating Delinquency 415

 summary and key terms 417

 Box 12.1 Research in Action Consequences of the Social Network 411

 Box 12.2 Research in Action The Youth Violence Epidemic 414

Part 6 Emerging and Young Adulthood

chapter 13 Physical and Cognitive Development in Emerging and Young Adulthood 418

 Emerging Adulthood 420

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 421

 Health and Fitness 421

  Health Status and Health Issues 421

  Genetic Influences on Health 422

  Behavioral Influences on Health and Fitness 422

  Indirect Influences on Health 426

  Mental Health Problems 429

 Sexual and Reproductive Issues 430

  Sexual Behavior and Attitudes 431

  Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) 431

  Menstrual Disorders 432

  Infertility 433

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 434

 Perspectives on Adult Cognition 434

  Beyond Piaget: New Ways of Thinking in Adulthood 434

  Schaie: A Life-Span Model of Cognitive Development 436

  Sternberg: Insight and Know-How 437

  Emotional Intelligence 438

 Moral Reasoning 439

  Culture and Moral Reasoning 439

  Gender and Moral Reasoning 441

 Education and Work 442

  The College Transition 443

  Entering the World of Work 445

 summary and key terms 448

 Box 13.1 Research in Action Assisted Reproductive Technology 434

 Box 13.2 Research in Action Development of Faith across the Life Span 440

chapter 14 Psychosocial Development in Emerging and Young Adulthood 450

 Emerging Adulthood: Patterns and Tasks 452

  Varied Paths to Adulthood 452

  Identity Development in Emerging Adulthood 453

  Developing Adult Relationships with Parents 455

 Personality Development: Four Views 456

  Normative-Stage Models 457

  Timing-of-Events Model 458

  Trait Models: Costa and McCrae's Five Factors 459

  Typological Models 461

 Foundations of Intimate Relationships 462

  Friendship 462

  Love 463

 Marital and Nonmarital Lifestyles 464

  Single Life 464

  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 465

  Cohabitation 466

  Marriage 467

 Parenthood 470

  Parenthood as a Developmental Experience 470

  How Dual-Income Families Cope 472

 When Marriage Ends 473

  Divorce 473

  Remarriage and Stepparenthood 475

 summary and key terms 476

 Box 14.1 Research in Action The Millennials 453

 Box 14.2 Research in Action Intimate Partner Violence 474

Part 7 Middle Adulthood

chapter 15 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood 478

 Middle Age: A Social Construct 480

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 482

 Physical Changes 482

  Sensory and Psychomotor Functioning 482

  The Brain at Midlife 483

  Structural and Systemic Changes 484

 Sexuality and Reproductive Functioning 485

  Physical and Mental Health 488

  Health Trends at Midlife 488

  Behavioral Influences on Health 490

  Socioeconomic Status and Health 490

  Race/Ethnicity and Health 491

  Gender and Health 492

  Stress in Middle Age 495

  Emotions and Health 496

  Mental Health 497

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 499

 Measuring Cognitive Abilities in Middle Age 499

  Schaie: The Seattle Longitudinal Study 499

  Horn and Cattell: Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence 501

 The Distinctiveness of Adult Cognition 501

  The Role of Expertise 501

  Integrative Thought 502

 Creativity 503

  Characteristics of Creative Achievers 503

  Creativity and Age 503

 Work and Education 504

  Work versus Early Retirement 504

  Work and Cognitive Development 505

  The Mature Learner 505

 summary and key terms 506

 Box 15.1 Window on the World Cultural Differences in Women's Experience of Menopause 488

chapter 16 Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood 508

 Looking at the Life Course in Middle Age 510

 Change at Midlife: Theoretical Approaches 511

  Trait Models 512

  Normative-Stage Models 512

  Timing of Events: The Social Clock 515

 The Self at Midlife: Issues and Themes 515

  Is There a Midlife Crisis 515

  Identity Development 516

  Psychological Well-Being and Positive Mental Health 519

 Relationships at Midlife 522

  Theories of Social Contact 522

  Relationships, Gender, and Quality of Life 523

 Consensual Relationships 523

  Marriage 523

  Cohabitation 524

  Divorce 524

  Marital Status, Well-Being, and Health 525

  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 526

  Friendships 527

 Relationships with Maturing Children 527

  Adolescent Children: Issues for Parents 528

  When Children Leave: The Empty Nest 528

  Parenting Grown Children 529

  Prolonged Parenting: The “Cluttered Nest” 529

 Other Kinship Ties 530

  Relationships with Aging Parents 530

  Relationships with Siblings 532

  Grandparenthood 532

 summary and key terms 535

 Box 16.1 Window on the World A Society without Middle Age 511

Part 8 Late Adulthood

chapter 17 Physical and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood 538

 Old Age Today 540

  The Graying of the Population 540

  Young Old to Oldest Old 541

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 542

 Longevity and Aging 542

  Trends and Factors in Life Expectancy 542

  Why People Age 544

  How Far Can the Life Span Be Extended 547

 Physical Changes 549

  Organic and Systemic Changes 549

  The Aging Brain 550

  Sensory and Psychomotor Functioning 551

  Sleep 552

  Sexual Functioning 553

 Physical and Mental Health 554

  Health Status 554

  Chronic Conditions and Disabilities 554

  Lifestyle Influences on Health and Longevity 555

  Mental and Behavioral Problems 557

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 562

 Aspects of Cognitive Development 562

  Intelligence and Processing Abilities 562

  Memory: How Does It Change 565

  Wisdom 568

 summary and key terms 569

 Box 17.1 Research in Action Centenarians 547

chapter 18 Psychosocial Development in Late Adulthood 572

 Theory and Research on Personality Development 574

  Erik Erikson : Normative Issues and Tasks 575

  The Five-Factor Model: Personality Traits in Old Age 575

 Well-Being in Late Adulthood 577

  Coping and Mental Health 577

  Models of “Successful,” or “Optimal,” Aging 579

 Practical and Social Issues Related to Aging 582

  Work and Retirement 583

  How Do Older Adults Fare Financially 585

  Living Arrangements 586

 Personal Relationships in Late Life 590

  Theories of Social Contact and Social Support 590

  The Importance of Social Relationships 591

  The Multigenerational Family 591

 Marital Relationships 592

  Long-Term Marriage 592

  Widowhood 594

  Divorce and Remarriage 594

 Nonmarital Lifestyles and Relationships 595

  Single Life 595

  Cohabitation 595

  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 596

  Friendships 596

 Nonmarital Kinship Ties 597

  Relationships with Adult Children 597

  Relationships with Siblings 599

  Becoming Great-Grandparents 599

 summary and key terms 600

 Box 18.1 Window on the World Aging in Asia 583

 Box 18.2 Research in Action Mistreatment of the Elderly 598

Part 9 The End of Life

chapter 19 Dealing with Death and Bereavement 602

 The Many, Changing Meaning of Death and Dying 604

  The Cultural Context 604

  The Mortality Revolution 605

  Care of the Dying 605

 Facing Death and Loss 606

  Physical and Cognitive Changes Preceding Death 606

  Confronting One's Own Death 607

  Patterns of Grieving 607

  Attitudes about Death and Dying across the Life Span 610

 Significant Losses 612

  Surviving a Spouse 612

  Losing a Parent in Adulthood 613

  Losing a Child 615

  Mourning a Miscarriage 615

 Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues: The “Right to Die” 616

  Suicide 616

  Hastening Death 618

 Finding Meaning and Purpose in Life and Death 623

  Reviewing a Life 623

  Development: A Lifelong Process 624

 summary and key terms 624

 Box 19.1 Research in Action Ambiguous Loss 609

Glossary G-1

Bibliography B-1

Credits C-1

Name Index I-1

Subject Index I-23

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