心理学书籍 » 发展心理学(第12版 英文版)
发展心理学(第12版 英文版)

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这本《发展心理学》(Experience Human Development)(第12版)是发展心理学领域的经典著作,自第一版面世至今,在美国市场上一直是同类书中的领导品牌,被众多著名大学和院校指定为教材。心理学书籍 psychspace.com7y;Q7i9r*S

发展心理学(第12版 英文版)

j1`9xi4Eh0作者:戴安娜·帕帕拉,露丝·费尔德曼

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出版:人民邮电出版社 2015-1心理学书籍 psychspace.com_7BR(GT4x MeK:{8v,k

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平装:大16开/765页

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$V@ esMI5AH-np0ISBN:9787115373465心理学书籍 psychspace.com'wBO2po,o,`5ne

Z+xEw$bj&D(e0定价:128.00心理学书籍 psychspace.comj*gN~3@'Bm?;t ~

内容简介

m~:Y8^W;b0  与之前的版本相比,本版书具有“独”到之处,主要体现在以下三方面。心理学书籍 psychspace.comDJpY [j*ce*f#U+\-x y

+f xzH#kS` ~4Dk0  其一,书名有变化。从第12版开始,书名由原来的“Human Development”改为“Experience Human Development”。“experience”一词体现了本书的新理念——体验式,也突显了这个版本的新特点:(1)注重理论联系实际,让读者充分体验一种与他们的现实世界紧密相联的项目。(2)重视文化的作用:让读者体验文化的多样性以及文化对发展的影响。(3)课程资料丰富详实:让读者在浩瀚详实的课程资料中汲取知识。(4)精选前沿研究:让读者接触到当前最新的发展心理学的研究。 

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$Poe,Xo$l!ez,?s0  其二,本版书的目标更加全面:(1)传授发展心理学基础知识;(2)介绍发展心理学研究方法;(3)培养发展心理学的批判性思维技巧;(4)注重发展心理学的应用;(5)弘扬发展心理学的价值;(6)培养发展心理学的技术素养;(7)发展交流沟通技能;(8)提高社会文化和国际意识;(9)注重个体发展;(10)帮助个体规划职业生涯和发展。 心理学书籍 psychspace.comc [ ~ mW c.L3_-Yh_

N"l,G{ fl%C!i L2k0  其三,作者团队增加了新成员。加布里埃拉·玛托雷尔(Gabriela Martorell)在加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校获得发展和进化心理学博士,在多所大学教授心理学研究方法、毕生发展心理学、心理学中的文化议题和进化心理学等多门课程。

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目录

"m?p Be*D]!O+O'H0Contents心理学书籍 psychspace.com%r&W3yAwC

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Part 1 About Human Development

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_ H)G Jz@\!Jf0chapter 1 The Study of Human Development 2心理学书籍 psychspace.comF/p;Kq0O[U4D"b

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 Human Development: An Ever-Evolving Field 4心理学书籍 psychspace.comAT]p/SK

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  Studying the Life Span 5

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  Human Development Today 5心理学书籍 psychspace.comJTaD]nF`)~

qb#nR1n_0 The Study of Human Development: Basic Concepts 5

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  Domains of Development 6心理学书籍 psychspace.com4mF9G"AH{:Qbz

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  Periods of the Life Span 7

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 Influences on Development 10

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  Heredity, Environment, and Maturation 10心理学书籍 psychspace.com;fB{m$~]0gH

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  Contexts of Development 10心理学书籍 psychspace.com;vV+Z"FbX TU w

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  Normative and Nonnormative Influences 15

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  Timing of Influences: Critical or Sensitive Periods 16

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;vKe)Q$i0 Paul B. Baltes's Life-Span Developmental Approach 18

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c.?I8q.Uw;P0 summary and key terms 20

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Y;L0d8y+c(l0 Box 1.1 Window on the World Children of Immigrant Families 14

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 Box 1.2 Research in Action Is There a Critical Period for Language Acquisition 18心理学书籍 psychspace.comi lpKU

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chapter 2 Theory and Research 22心理学书籍 psychspace.comiK T#X0m$`

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 Basic Theoretical Issues 24心理学书籍 psychspace.comX6W&M0Ko c#yD4m

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  Issue 1: Is Development Active or Reactive 25心理学书籍 psychspace.com ay*R:lga9t

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  Issue 2: Is Development Continuous or Discontinuous 26心理学书籍 psychspace.com)s'obKU~7c

$Z*u`"tWF!jc7Jd0 Theoretical Perspectives 26心理学书籍 psychspace.com&n sr"W [s

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  Perspective 1: Psychoanalytic 27

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O8X"Zf$HoP `0  Perspective 2: Learning 30

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K[ _*[@bu-p V;F$M0  Perspective 3: Cognitive 32

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  Perspective 4: Contextual 35

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  Perspective 5: Evolutionary/Sociobiological 37

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6|IB%Y V#a`D0  A Shifting Balance 37心理学书籍 psychspace.com,J4T)D'uky

&`F l(} Q#Q,C0 Research Methods 38心理学书籍 psychspace.com\Y+xmi*g9D

O!Ve2j(K1qs0  Quantitative and Qualitative Research 38

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&`3{;ZRay HkKhL0  Sampling 39

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Qy(t"S3X,c v0  Forms of Data Collection 40心理学书籍 psychspace.com$F$xk8{P%N7ae

g^:} R@,ggT0  Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research 42

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  Basic Research Designs 42心理学书籍 psychspace.com0Mn6T/V8Q4D&E

tg2PpaF0  Developmental Research Designs 47心理学书籍 psychspace.com Yj J t7p L.P.kR

'S6?v)@ h7x#S.n9t,BdW0 Ethics of Research 49心理学书籍 psychspace.comC)_h.K@|5a;@

E0f3Uv!I^4MK?0 summary and key terms 50

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 Box 2.1 Window on the World Purposes of Cross-Cultural Research 44

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A3b2thek \0Part 2 Beginnings心理学书籍 psychspace.com]*lP7w^_2z#d

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chapter 3 Forming a New Life 52心理学书籍 psychspace.comzz.qf[,w

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 Conceiving New Life 54

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  How Fertilization Takes Place 54心理学书籍 psychspace.com&qO.eRuD/f)Z5m C

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  What Causes Multiple Births 55

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 Mechanisms of Heredity 56心理学书籍 psychspace.com4RRr?P J!M

8Zb.Ux2Mr0  The Genetic Code 56

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Q4RB[zgC Q0  What Determines Sex 57

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  Patterns of Genetic Transmission 58心理学书籍 psychspace.com+W*Y2wk'S

3E'w-HZ:na0  Genetic and Chromosomal Abnormalities 61

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  Genetic Counseling and Testing 65心理学书籍 psychspace.com]*[ fgo$a#gh

&vz WR+UE0 Nature and Nurture: Influences of Heredity and Environment 67

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  Studying Heredity and Environment 68

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  How Heredity and Environment Work Together 69心理学书籍 psychspace.com9o}4ND _*ntwC

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  Some Characteristics Influenced by Heredity and Environment 72心理学书籍 psychspace.com8Wu5q-lA-NadK,B

&J.gH'oc"aX0 Prenatal Development 74心理学书籍 psychspace.com.e{ w wz)W-~c.Z*~b1r;S

+PSO~f;x7g1k0  Stages of Prenatal Development 75心理学书籍 psychspace.com\M'\qI4e]6v6z"ip

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  Environmental Influences: Maternal Factors 81心理学书籍 psychspace.coma Ho:r)?1T&R XPo

8ADs)xVS0  Environmental Influences: Paternal Factors 88心理学书籍 psychspace.comk`5I7e5X}@

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 Monitoring and Promoting Prenatal Development 88心理学书籍 psychspace.comRs0D3GBS

3k3x7wE}/p7n0  Disparities in Prenatal Care 90心理学书籍 psychspace.comy5Db+N9w(][.P4M'W:H-AH

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  The Need for Preconception Care 90

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 summary and key terms 91心理学书籍 psychspace.com'G|#yhr^U6E+W d

O3uN,o)@0 Box 3.1 Research in Action Genetic Testing 66心理学书籍 psychspace.comk\Nu1gc WWf

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%k%Q&o}'\"p_A0chapter 4 Birth and Physical Development during the First Three Years 94

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 Childbirth and Culture: How Birthing Has Changed 96

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 The Birth Process 98心理学书籍 psychspace.comSW gAZ6kf

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  Stages of Childbirth 98

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  Electronic Fetal Monitoring 98心理学书籍 psychspace.comU"pPHE{ge#U

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  Vaginal versus Cesarean Delivery 99

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  Medicated versus Nonmedicated Delivery 100

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q&U%me2[(|O}m?0 The Newborn Baby 101心理学书籍 psychspace.com2FL&P,c'b.AU

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  Size and Appearance 102心理学书籍 psychspace.com9a1z(\b3z~

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  Body Systems 102心理学书籍 psychspace.com D+L9a0?0jEO)bY

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  Medical and Behavioral Assessment 103

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ha~.I"o(zh4iP!n0  States of Arousal 104

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 Complications of Childbirth 105

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#K+o(_`B y@K3r \.K0  Low Birth Weight 105心理学书籍 psychspace.com cH9u,C)`%A(Uy d,e

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  Can a Supportive Environment Overcome Effects of Birth Complications 109心理学书籍 psychspace.com PHq$T8_Y a_

5[CC3\%U7{0  Postmaturity 110心理学书籍 psychspace.com UlT'T-h

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  Stillbirth 110心理学书籍 psychspace.comDZ plw-z

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 Survival and Health 111心理学书籍 psychspace.com/Mi)xO&o$a OAT

.ZL:Z?OLG0  Reducing Infant Mortality 111

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Y(u+K$v,US0  Immunization for Better Health 114心理学书籍 psychspace.com-dw V%gv0b Kl [

E%g!]9^6a!}0 Early Physical Development 115

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  Principles of Development 115心理学书籍 psychspace.comVh Gi4J F

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  Growth Patterns 116

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"CODr.m;bT} Y0  Nutrition 116心理学书籍 psychspace.com%|1H*rwa9zR

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  The Brain and Reflex Behavior 118心理学书籍 psychspace.com;I&\*|UQs

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  Early Sensory Capacities 126心理学书籍 psychspace.com&bs5n9K(N2MrE8M3E

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 Motor Development 127心理学书籍 psychspace.comR\?;PXf#C

$Gs$G%Sd2V0  Milestones of Motor Development 127心理学书籍 psychspace.com0v;wU"V qIaMa

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  Motor Development and Perception 130心理学书籍 psychspace.com7\t]C:K

|,Run)V0~*v0  Eleanor and James Gibson's Ecological Theory of Perception 130心理学书籍 psychspace.com\.GX@Ip#s

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  How Motor Development Occurs: Thelen's Dynamic Systems Theory 131心理学书籍 psychspace.com,e!tW^ Rp~7b@B

v F1H^'J}/S.p0  Cultural Influences on Motor Development 132

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G y^,sQ(]!N.R E0 summary and key terms 132

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 Box 4.1 Research in Action Lessons from Neuroscience 119

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 Box 4.2 Research in Action The Autism “Epidemic” 122心理学书籍 psychspace.comK/k|/~5@*C

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chapter 5 Cognitive Development during the First Three Years 136心理学书籍 psychspace.comrt*EM'iB~%N

wSN,A U{mN0 Studying Cognitive Development: Six Approaches 138

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/N:W4^4oO/wd2Ae0 Behaviorist Approach: Basic Mechanics of Learning 139

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dA%lM5K {(mf(t0  Classical and Operant Conditioning 139心理学书籍 psychspace.com*q;\+sI,K&p

l]4t:[tr&|0  Infant Memory 139

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pj;kyvi&h#k,D E;J/x6]0 Psychometric Approach: Developmental and Intelligence Testing 141心理学书籍 psychspace.comgzP(`,]2qA!~

:J&{(T&X)J5W s(H0  Testing Infants and Toddlers 141

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  Assessing the Impact of the Early Home Environment 142心理学书籍 psychspace.com]{yV'}

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  Early Intervention 142心理学书籍 psychspace.com ML+kj-^'@%z

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 Piagetian Approach: The Sensorimotor Stage 144

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+w.]MqSZK%}+Z0  Substages of the Sensorimotor Stage 144

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  Do Imitative Abilities Develop Earlier than Piaget Thought 147心理学书籍 psychspace.com h6n{ Nq9eF

,m?b!@6z X0  Development of Knowledge about Objects and Symbols 149

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/_ F*n fDan0  Evaluating Piaget's Sensorimotor Stage 151心理学书籍 psychspace.coma,F?/c(b?Ou

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 Information-Processing Approach: Perceptions and Representations 151

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&v U7oPO9?0  Habituation 151心理学书籍 psychspace.com8^#J]gU1k_1th

2Kh;A z;|~0  Visual and Auditory Perceptual and Processing Abilities 152

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pD\2`#{c}4v;GS0  Information Processing as a Predictor of Intelligence 153心理学书籍 psychspace.com6}B_uC(B.M

e@7f%Y cU"Q$A/p9Y0  Information Processing and the Development of Piagetian Abilities 155心理学书籍 psychspace.com4K[7p9|z$g W7H

ZUN'~ S Q W;L_0  Evaluating Information Processing Research on Infants 158心理学书籍 psychspace.comA!snl\5U]!Mjt

%cI7z f.^a"vlR/|A0 Cognitive Neuroscience Approach: The Brain's Cognitive Structures 159心理学书籍 psychspace.com6}ce(R4V f {

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 Social-Contextual Approach: Learning from Interactions with Caregivers 160心理学书籍 psychspace.com Nwd.hF~

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 Language Development 161

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  Sequence of Early Language Development 161

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8?B }2OO0  Characteristics of Early Speech 165心理学书籍 psychspace.comM{0XGE

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  Classic Theories of Language Acquisition: The Nature-Nurture Debate 166心理学书籍 psychspace.com(}M O#G WO M

0~j~`!K,L"s0  Influences on Early Language Development 168心理学书籍 psychspace.comn-q\{5fl

G"wml,T|h!OX3q0  Preparing for Literacy: The Benefits of Reading Aloud 170心理学书籍 psychspace.comdf*yq}M'h

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 summary and key terms 171心理学书籍 psychspace.comi^ wd(Y|

,k-e zc0`U@7M.u?7u0 Box 5.1 Research in Action Do Infants and Toddlers Watch Too Much Television 154心理学书籍 psychspace.com2}V+o(wXZc}$J

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3p'kSMd-n!_.Z?/x4B P0chapter 6 Psychosocial Development during the First Three Years 174心理学书籍 psychspace.com2v;bcjb{ _6Rb

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 Foundations of Psychosocial Development 176心理学书籍 psychspace.com8H:~N9H*F}I

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  Emotions 176心理学书籍 psychspace.comK@#A4`Ww {!~

&b'b9mz;^0  Temperament 181心理学书籍 psychspace.com _7Ha*Zl I-w

8`_,@:vM4{0  Earliest Social Experiences: The Infant in the Family 184

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?f7]BR.](d3p$U&n3a a0  Gender: How Different Are Baby Boys and Girls 186

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 Developmental Issues in Infancy 187

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L$Ac4PBh(H9F0  Developing Trust 187心理学书籍 psychspace.com7f/N G$F c&wPD;R

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  Developing Attachments 188

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  Emotional Communication with Caregivers: Mutual Regulation 193心理学书籍 psychspace.comBU7nI7J$i

{,fz6PB#O/gS0  Social Referencing 193心理学书籍 psychspace.com6D$`w nT{

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 Developmental Issues in Toddlerhood 195

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\CLml ]+o$l"h0  The Emerging Sense of Self 195心理学书籍 psychspace.comR8E'\w [e,W$K

z-U KB#fR.x0o0  Development of Autonomy 196心理学书籍 psychspace.com!ze(A0P.U1x

oz-I"q&M `&\L!a?(Gz0  The Roots of Moral Development: Socialization and Internalization 196心理学书籍 psychspace.com/U){@8@5U

@_+x:`KI]c0 Contact with Other Children 200

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  Siblings 200心理学书籍 psychspace.com1z1S6Q6[V$r2cY

P:r9NeZ0  Sociability with Nonsiblings 201

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,K:G p*^8r`4uT0 Children of Working Parents 201心理学书籍 psychspace.comnJH'^%u%c

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  Effects of Maternal Employment 201

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  Early Child Care 202

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YsR0j![#Z0 Maltreatment: Abuse and Neglect 205心理学书籍 psychspace.com)H|0eH;q"k(p*zx

,Bt]ax2{0  Maltreatment in Infancy and Toddlerhood 205心理学书籍 psychspace.com+Uyy}7zFd2^+s

/?5q,r@2X4A)v0  Contributing Factors: An Ecological View 206心理学书籍 psychspace.comL){a P;o%q

\_TuI y*E$@(W0  Helping Families in Trouble 207心理学书籍 psychspace.comD9vD(@M|

t-M:}aK d2A{Uo0  Long-Term Effects of Maltreatment 208

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 summary and key terms 209心理学书籍 psychspace.com`.y5OQjj

p^$nMk+w6z j0 Box 6.1 Research in Action How Postpartum Depression Affects Early Development 194

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-^9a6wsW4m0 Box 6.2 Window on the World Are Struggles with Toddlers Necessary 198

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BVxD:W8Dv]9r0Part 3 Early Childhood

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chapter 7 Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood 212

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]zIi*c0  Bodily Growth and Change 214心理学书籍 psychspace.com&n$y IZ;Q&{2B$q-]c;Mx

g8tL,dw*r2R9G0  Sleep Patterns and Problems 215心理学书籍 psychspace.comLN.e~j!?JU S

Vz?,B+v/jm0  Brain Development 217心理学书籍 psychspace.com)BGk*KA3d)`|jEB6C

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  Motor Skills 217

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 Health and Safety 220心理学书籍 psychspace.com6B8Z0E:X!?C2D%t

Cen|e Z&v$`0ZV0  Preventing Obesity 220心理学书籍 psychspace.com%_&~ ~tI;M

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  Undernutrition 221

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0Q7Ai9T*W$k0  Food Allergies 222

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  Deaths and Accidental Injuries 223心理学书籍 psychspace.comy0@zk~ZY

"DKuC"r!CD-F:l u0  Health in Context: Environmental Influences 223

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j5M/Mwyw0COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 227

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 Piagetian Approach: The Preoperational Child 227

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$d"xs{^t$D0  Advances of Preoperational Thought 228心理学书籍 psychspace.comLuO)x(e1G z

O.x-zn~O[&R |V0  Immature Aspects of Preoperational Thought 230

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  Do Young Children Have Theories of Mind 232心理学书籍 psychspace.comfTT9W @

;lQx~V$E UW0 Information-Processing Approach: Memory Development 235

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0@Y[)Gg0  Basic Processes and Capacities 235

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  Recognition and Recall 236心理学书籍 psychspace.com(u&m[ CG:H`*IO

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  Forming and Retaining Childhood Memories 236心理学书籍 psychspace.com c3f ZK+]&F(cH

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 Intelligence: Psychometric and Vygotskian Approaches 238心理学书籍 psychspace.comz2IV#v:m^P

A3`@#T.P2z0  Traditional Psychometric Measures 238心理学书籍 psychspace.comSc6sv.O5I9_e

v_:hEM~0  Influences on Measured Intelligence 239心理学书籍 psychspace.com:~/S*BL|3F^G

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  Testing and Teaching Based on Vygotsky's Theory 239心理学书籍 psychspace.com:V0GD1[;A&d#M

2{ C(aD:l+O ],?m0 Language Development 240心理学书籍 psychspace.comrnu e?0UV3Bfu

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  Vocabulary 240

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wNN1?Bx}3c6|0  Grammar and Syntax 241心理学书籍 psychspace.com?6UG1w2j S

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  Pragmatics and Social Speech 242

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-`HrhEy}0  Private Speech 242

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  Delayed Language Development 242心理学书籍 psychspace.comY;kV"x'x:A-tO

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  Preparation for Literacy 243

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?|;h|j_O#w$U0  Media and Cognition 244

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5y\5`.Q*HN/y0 Early Childhood Education 244心理学书籍 psychspace.comk1h @2EjbOih

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  Types of Preschools 244

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  Compensatory Preschool Programs 245

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v,~2k.] ZYd!S$\0  The Child in Kindergarten 246心理学书籍 psychspace.com pw2jDL;H"d

#R$AeV.E*S1is0 summary and key terms 247

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mH!eK?0kk0 Box 7.1 Research in Action Food Security 222心理学书籍 psychspace.com _Q'Uzj8K+z7\QNG

D5[Pl9N X CA*P0 Box 7.2 Window on the World Surviving the First Five Years of Life 224心理学书籍 psychspace.com"Ep~S yV

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chapter 8 Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood 250心理学书籍 psychspace.com HSH{5TXc4`3Q[

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 The Developing Self 252心理学书籍 psychspace.com ol*W"J+{j ]^!m

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  The Self-Concept and Cognitive Development 252

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9im#yQ-M?(hu0  Self-Esteem 253

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;? A!O)eR0  Understanding and Regulating Emotions 254心理学书籍 psychspace.com1cvne?%g

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  Erikson: Initiative versus Guilt 256

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 Gender 256

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:B W.e/?X$`Nac0  Gender Differences 256

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+a1[X-PMe0  Perspectives on Gender Development 257

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Ld$e!P2yd7X3@)~0 Play: The Business of Early Childhood 264

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  Cognitive Levels of Play 264

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/i\2Tm*`:sl0  The Social Dimension of Play 266心理学书籍 psychspace.com(N7vjSC&h

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  How Gender Influences Play 267

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  How Culture Influences Play 268

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 Parenting 269

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  Forms of Discipline 269

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f(S"F?6g0  Parenting Styles 271

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  Special Behavioral Concerns 273心理学书籍 psychspace.comZ ` eLADAhp

)U4g n%h#`v0 Relationships with Other Children 276

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f/q2F2w9c6l0  Sibling Relationships 276

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  The Only Child 277心理学书籍 psychspace.com5E`/l v|,YT

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  Playmates and Friends 278

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 summary and key terms 279

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c!hs[bH/hL8r0 Box 8.1 Research in Action Does Play Have an Evolutionary Basis 265心理学书籍 psychspace.comkn5N!g PkC7A

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Part 4 Middle Childhood心理学书籍 psychspace.com,^5`WG#U

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WJ*YQ X&TG0chapter 9 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood 282

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GEhcT_H0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 284

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:_C*HvW0M6|S0 Aspects of Physical Development 284心理学书籍 psychspace.com3S4} VR#L;uD$r:I-J

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  Height and Weight 284

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  Nutrition and Sleep 284心理学书籍 psychspace.com+j4}v@n5u6W

y.w/A![$t*T(eM0  Brain Development 285

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0j:OW#W+Sd6b9FE0  Motor Development and Physical Play 286心理学书籍 psychspace.com-IX+D:JD _ i@9U"o

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 Health, Fitness, and Safety 288心理学书籍 psychspace.com%C&W Am)pEp

3Q*S1NU-me"GFm-n0  Obesity and Body Image 288

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  Other Medical Conditions 290

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K!_)a`'l$^0COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 292

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]^ i8Bt B`0 Piagetian Approach: The Concrete Operational Child 292心理学书籍 psychspace.com8|:t fCXC.G

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  Cognitive Advances 292心理学书籍 psychspace.com+? rM6q9v&h

x8Pm { F-D``#V0  Influences of Neurological Development, Culture, and Schooling 295

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  Moral Reasoning 296

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 Information-Processing Approach: Planning, Attention, and Memory 297心理学书籍 psychspace.com!y!e$MN iP,`#oBNu

4jEY!X_ul5^0  How Do Executive Skills Develop 297

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  Selective Attention 297

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F+k4H;aV0im tp*Je0  Metamemory: Understanding Memory 298

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'i {M j9[W&h0  Mnemonics: Strategies for Remembering 298

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  Information Processing and Piagetian Tasks 300心理学书籍 psychspace.comD3zz&u2F.w

!@'WTu8h0 Psychometric Approach: Assessment of Intelligence 300心理学书籍 psychspace.com:l+[dkq j2~5O

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  The IQ Controversy 300

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^1D m:h P H s0  Influences on Intelligence (IQ) 301心理学书籍 psychspace.com+q5a4Az$}'i9uY-d

LE)?3a.}%Y(jd X0  Is There More Than One Intelligence  304

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2Z(N vM+bO$H-c0  Other Directions in Intelligence Testing 306

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~1w F [ h_;CZp,Bj0  Vocabulary, Grammar, and Syntax 306心理学书籍 psychspace.com(zG!|.S!_rp'fj

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  Pragmatics: Knowledge about Communication 307心理学书籍 psychspace.comh,\`'\X1Z%d@1^

CBg]y1p0  Second-Language Learning 308心理学书籍 psychspace.comT!yF8H)F}6^

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  Becoming Literate 308心理学书籍 psychspace.com~7w8k$a"x%Bk

BM AT6@l8R i)^ e0 The Child In School 309心理学书籍 psychspace.com yL.TJ7Q.[+h$n

&OlK$y6d4V0I0  Entering First Grade 309心理学书籍 psychspace.com;IjH&{%xp2O,Du

&p7wh^ HM0  Influences on School Achievement 310

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e7|Zd(~k@ X/F0 Educating Children with Special Needs 313

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bG^ a I0  Children with Learning Problems 313

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  Gifted Children 317心理学书籍 psychspace.comC+j+uMF}#k

'm7nL_FT0 summary and key terms 318心理学书籍 psychspace.com+W^vo$|9KL

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 Box 9.1 Research in Action Do Barbie Dolls Affect Girls' Body Image 289心理学书籍 psychspace.com5Vs8WM.E!r

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Sv1a9s8a;VYe.F0chapter 10 Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood 322心理学书籍 psychspace.com$}\eju;s pk(HO

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 The Developing Self 324心理学书籍 psychspace.com l4TW ~^ L q

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  Self-Concept Development: Representational Systems 324

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  Self-Esteem 324

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  Emotional Growth and Prosocial Behavior 325心理学书籍 psychspace.com^3j-vNC'W*NYJH*I

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 The Child in the Family 326

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  Family Atmosphere 326心理学书籍 psychspace.com9TL)KtwW

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  Family Structure 330心理学书籍 psychspace.comew i:d5c ~{Ix bW

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  Sibling Relationships 335心理学书籍 psychspace.com~/v1TA\K,@6QC

{ f Q+t K7p7X0 The Child in the Peer Group 336心理学书籍 psychspace.com2q {,AF5k Z-B

'](CdN(`D9c M`0  Positive and Negative Effects of Peer Relations 336心理学书籍 psychspace.com6Yj~p Z(P%C T

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  Popularity 337心理学书籍 psychspace.com!](p2PB C5R5{S

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  Friendship 338心理学书籍 psychspace.com#jH$]'TZw w,_

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  Aggression and Bullying 339

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 Mental Health 343

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\G;Ly;{zW!mL0  Common Emotional Problems 343

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o${)T Lg9a2Pd@0  Treatment Techniques 345心理学书籍 psychspace.comW5F7c%K'Gw ra

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  Stress and Resilience 346

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zY5V F0ANq0 summary and key terms 350心理学书籍 psychspace.com|M*I5~;`&F+d&G

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 Box 10.1 Research in Action Pass the Milk: Family Mealtimes and Child Well-Being 327心理学书籍 psychspace.com8Dh` I'Cw*x~D u

zHQ8S%iA0 Box 10.2 Research in Action Talking to Children about Terrorism and War 348

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Part 5 Adolescence心理学书籍 psychspace.comPNX TdYg9@

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0I0kr/h\"C#]O:D0chapter 11 Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence 352心理学书籍 psychspace.com`ta5_+@`

9Q!b~YW6Z${x0 Adolescence: A Developmental Transition 354

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  Adolescence as a Social Construction 354心理学书籍 psychspace.com,V `_ _Jhit5E`

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  Adolescence: A Time of Opportunities and Risks 355

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PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 355

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tu+C9`Kb o{0  How Puberty Begins: Hormonal Changes 355

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  Timing, Signs, and Sequence of Puberty and Sexual Maturity 357

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D k D7OYc0@3D0 The Adolescent Brain 360

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 Physical and Mental Health 362心理学书籍 psychspace.comr?'QGm9r6s;_0v

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  Physical Activity 362心理学书籍 psychspace.com H'i*LsfZ

kE"Oy-B&Y9v{0  Sleep Needs and Problems 363心理学书籍 psychspace.comh;_u7L;Q2L

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  Nutrition and Eating Disorders 363

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a\5T1s.Q+i0  Use and Abuse of Drugs 367

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*r&Dl!CK9j0  Depression 370心理学书籍 psychspace.com@6k1xu/q2w

5K!_ q2a1t,l0  Death in Adolescence 371

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 372

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 Aspects of Cognitive Maturation 372心理学书籍 psychspace.com g"lT;`&N7C%UwM

O[L(['Z a8g;t+b0  Piaget's Stage of Formal Operations 372

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  Changes in Information Processing 374

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  Language Development 375心理学书籍 psychspace.comO%I5~gL;e"rZq

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  Moral Reasoning: Kohlberg's Theory 375心理学书籍 psychspace.comO_s i!{

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  An Ethic of Care: Gilligan's Theory 378

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  Prosocial Behavior and Volunteer Activity 378心理学书籍 psychspace.comR~:m3EU

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 Educational and Vocational Issues 379

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  Influences on School Achievement 380心理学书籍 psychspace.com h&?M:Z8k)s5]4UH@n

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  Dropping Out of High School 383心理学书籍 psychspace.com_huu3k s$Rj'G6K`

#?5n+d:@ U#k(c0  Preparing for Higher Education or Vocations 384心理学书籍 psychspace.com{z by.aUXV

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 summary and key terms 386心理学书籍 psychspace.com;LBo[Wr.u

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 Box 11.1 Window on the World The Globalization of Adolescence 356心理学书籍 psychspace.com-~"eZMAoni s

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 Box 11.2 Research in Action Multitasking and Gen M 383

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chapter 12 Psychosocial Development in Adolescence 388心理学书籍 psychspace.com f:IK7P j;k

5Z'YC&Oi#P/\g0 The Search for Identity 390心理学书籍 psychspace.com2Uyk/A OlF-{,N$l

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  Erikson : Identity versus Identity Confusion 390

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bN3B GW+m0  Marcia: Identity Status—Crisis and Commitment 391心理学书籍 psychspace.com4JC;D0`F

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  Gender Differences in Identity Formation 393

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  Ethnic Factors in Identity Formation 394心理学书籍 psychspace.com4M$T1aN(X^#UH

/Yqs%S"z `0 Sexuality 395

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%TBRnP2Y o0  Sexual Orientation and Identity 396心理学书籍 psychspace.com%P:a1_,JI L

m;xW.x@DyN\0  Sexual Behavior 397

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  Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) 399心理学书籍 psychspace.com#\+Xt2F*[^Zg(P }y

_'v1m["P#zo0  Teenage Pregnancy and Childbearing 401

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 Relationships with Family, Peers, and Adult Society 403心理学书籍 psychspace.comu(AH:Fa1L _#N

T ro%r)|(K(Rv6n0  Is Adolescent Rebellion a Myth 403

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  Changing Time Use and Changing Relationships 404心理学书籍 psychspace.com0S^T6I\ i^5o }

mJ'g2s'B3itq0  Adolescents and Parents 405

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  Adolescents and Siblings 408

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  Adolescents and Peers 409心理学书籍 psychspace.com0g_^C!J)N5h

4T ^}Fn(Y8pT0 Antisocial Behavior and Juvenile Delinquency 412

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  Becoming a Delinquent: Genetic and Neurological Factors 412心理学书籍 psychspace.com Y&[pt$o-Yox

L+[2a zvi-S0  Becoming a Delinquent: How Family, Peer, and Community Influences  Interact 412

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  Long-Term Prospects 414心理学书籍 psychspace.comiZRHO(s7K+`

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  Preventing and Treating Delinquency 415心理学书籍 psychspace.como j8vn(p(us%zm4n]] u

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 summary and key terms 417

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 Box 12.1 Research in Action Consequences of the Social Network 411

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 Box 12.2 Research in Action The Youth Violence Epidemic 414

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C {VoBD p'b0Part 6 Emerging and Young Adulthood

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6M$fHp-~;^ W m-C0chapter 13 Physical and Cognitive Development in Emerging and Young Adulthood 418心理学书籍 psychspace.com:c,@'z Q$gsY+I

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 Emerging Adulthood 420心理学书籍 psychspace.comQwGDf8B Y-]

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PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 421

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 Health and Fitness 421

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  Genetic Influences on Health 422心理学书籍 psychspace.com/jx ]FK

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  Behavioral Influences on Health and Fitness 422心理学书籍 psychspace.com8kR2X]N

3~@b!k:K&X(T{6?0  Indirect Influences on Health 426心理学书籍 psychspace.com,zA${h H7a`)H-p

1_Z/eK!r cf0  Mental Health Problems 429

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 Sexual and Reproductive Issues 430

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  Sexual Behavior and Attitudes 431

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  Menstrual Disorders 432

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  Infertility 433心理学书籍 psychspace.com2Ve'M Q,I{

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 434心理学书籍 psychspace.com IZX[#E;q-\W[

|v$GgK ?s{H0 Perspectives on Adult Cognition 434心理学书籍 psychspace.com*Cz9F.v6p

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  Beyond Piaget: New Ways of Thinking in Adulthood 434心理学书籍 psychspace.com Kg?2z4I%h.O;b+C

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  Schaie: A Life-Span Model of Cognitive Development 436

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@u aLK/r1p0  Sternberg: Insight and Know-How 437心理学书籍 psychspace.comP K(l5l$j'Y{N R@5aD6~

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  Emotional Intelligence 438心理学书籍 psychspace.com*a1} kF.d-a1f.w

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 Moral Reasoning 439

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  Culture and Moral Reasoning 439

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  Gender and Moral Reasoning 441

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 Education and Work 442

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  The College Transition 443心理学书籍 psychspace.com~#QqY e

S&OXeOI0  Entering the World of Work 445心理学书籍 psychspace.com-TA*_ F!rM

(j3su` ?.A0 summary and key terms 448

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TI;d~T1Rv0 Box 13.1 Research in Action Assisted Reproductive Technology 434心理学书籍 psychspace.comq w:N1b[|b

6y RQX3f0 Box 13.2 Research in Action Development of Faith across the Life Span 440心理学书籍 psychspace.com N#a7E{*L2LVQw0\!J

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 Emerging Adulthood: Patterns and Tasks 452

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Jd~L0j'g L0  Varied Paths to Adulthood 452心理学书籍 psychspace.comO.z#U+@%w k,QJ"F

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  Identity Development in Emerging Adulthood 453

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+s&G+a,t MR0  Developing Adult Relationships with Parents 455

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 Personality Development: Four Views 456心理学书籍 psychspace.comqL9| tox ?j

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  Normative-Stage Models 457

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  Timing-of-Events Model 458

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sY:R4a6{:E_)jz0  Trait Models: Costa and McCrae's Five Factors 459

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  Typological Models 461心理学书籍 psychspace.comNA eXnkp

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 Foundations of Intimate Relationships 462心理学书籍 psychspace.comd[A?H YQ

li0A0u5IJ0  Friendship 462心理学书籍 psychspace.com/@N0QvwRQ'_

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  Love 463

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X5Z5`-L\mdXb0 Marital and Nonmarital Lifestyles 464

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']k8H:T d2LZT0  Single Life 464

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  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 465心理学书籍 psychspace.comX$_F#[KN!a

UB&Af$@0  Cohabitation 466心理学书籍 psychspace.comk5T G_&O

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  Marriage 467心理学书籍 psychspace.comawHA t:| U]

C#lS/F(j+Y;M%Q0 Parenthood 470心理学书籍 psychspace.com1\1Ju{!MX

{m)Z)V+CT7M0  Parenthood as a Developmental Experience 470心理学书籍 psychspace.com!A#G+M@2Q'S2yy

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  How Dual-Income Families Cope 472心理学书籍 psychspace.com!Ig/}&q4}f|-v+r c)[

B*k(U1W6H"F:Aj |/aN0 When Marriage Ends 473

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  Divorce 473心理学书籍 psychspace.com0W}M$mCo0f

'f#^'xw\ q^8C0  Remarriage and Stepparenthood 475心理学书籍 psychspace.com7|L0KRqh

心理学书籍 psychspace.com%r,H0~7}*E*sr

 summary and key terms 476心理学书籍 psychspace.com'r~Y4x+_4J

!Cy8g^p(F0 Box 14.1 Research in Action The Millennials 453

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 Box 14.2 Research in Action Intimate Partner Violence 474心理学书籍 psychspace.com^}2mMM.z o6|Tg

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j|T%R RF[0Part 7 Middle Adulthood心理学书籍 psychspace.comi/y7v\O^D

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+@(m7[R_y8k2J0chapter 15 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood 478心理学书籍 psychspace.com(A$d9tcB)]R:l)l

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 Middle Age: A Social Construct 480

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PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 482心理学书籍 psychspace.com3qp C.ms+Fy

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 Physical Changes 482心理学书籍 psychspace.com7j _V |(A6b h~0Oq

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  Sensory and Psychomotor Functioning 482

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  The Brain at Midlife 483心理学书籍 psychspace.com)\5Ei#jH [/D/X}"|

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  Structural and Systemic Changes 484

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!X1Cx7M)b3s!D-Hj0  Physical and Mental Health 488心理学书籍 psychspace.com,vcs X,[^Z)V

E k8p3tk;hxk0  Health Trends at Midlife 488

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  Behavioral Influences on Health 490

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  Race/Ethnicity and Health 491心理学书籍 psychspace.com0R4F/NL1j2o-HrK

+e7Z/A4wwI0  Gender and Health 492

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  Stress in Middle Age 495心理学书籍 psychspace.comNq{8_{3I(f,d?1vM

2l6iI:sS i7[O |Y,I6?)O0  Emotions and Health 496心理学书籍 psychspace.com4{%eS"v*?kS;d4P!|

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  Mental Health 497心理学书籍 psychspace.com3_0n?T3r

JZ['L0{ p\/^0COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 499心理学书籍 psychspace.comV_G1xC;p-A$u

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 Measuring Cognitive Abilities in Middle Age 499

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  Schaie: The Seattle Longitudinal Study 499

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|b'|x)JK-P:h0 The Distinctiveness of Adult Cognition 501

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  Integrative Thought 502

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+T8rh5V0T0 Creativity 503心理学书籍 psychspace.comzD8L&eN

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  Characteristics of Creative Achievers 503心理学书籍 psychspace.com2\\B/FX^6gQ7T

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  Creativity and Age 503心理学书籍 psychspace.comN R$V[ D0JW

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 Work and Education 504

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;}/c'_(A W-ca0  Work versus Early Retirement 504

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  Work and Cognitive Development 505

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Z'e|qEH3t0  The Mature Learner 505心理学书籍 psychspace.comebBsQ*H y.v

r G,I u5d | L0 summary and key terms 506心理学书籍 psychspace.coms&o2C"e|.hD;`

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 Box 15.1 Window on the World Cultural Differences in Women's Experience of Menopause 488心理学书籍 psychspace.com&L/G9{-k"_.N4vn br

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7b&}HV9]0G@C+I0心理学书籍 psychspace.comME(klZ

chapter 16 Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood 508

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7a6vaBh:j'tX3r;MM3i0 Looking at the Life Course in Middle Age 510心理学书籍 psychspace.com?W Vh$e(Lk!Q{8j

心理学书籍 psychspace.com`O LnO

 Change at Midlife: Theoretical Approaches 511心理学书籍 psychspace.comP{%V5d`*o`

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  Trait Models 512心理学书籍 psychspace.comGz'FM OT;b*]b

(R B`vx2uU9{1c!V0  Normative-Stage Models 512

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:t!{OP[ {TKsO0 The Self at Midlife: Issues and Themes 515

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  Is There a Midlife Crisis 515心理学书籍 psychspace.comw0sIx\B0G

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  Identity Development 516心理学书籍 psychspace.comF%rW S4KhhM8N~

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  Psychological Well-Being and Positive Mental Health 519

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  Theories of Social Contact 522心理学书籍 psychspace.com2[V\ ]qXX!k-O

5z1D:t7XMK&`0  Relationships, Gender, and Quality of Life 523

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TtG9p'r M3bv0 Consensual Relationships 523心理学书籍 psychspace.comx Fp ]Rb

0~ Mx QZw0  Marriage 523

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  Cohabitation 524心理学书籍 psychspace.com$G"|,z$j2q9iGS

2[b!t,Y?L0  Divorce 524心理学书籍 psychspace.com YX Q0}O,f

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  Marital Status, Well-Being, and Health 525心理学书籍 psychspace.com,K"W(_l hDE

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  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 526心理学书籍 psychspace.com'o1~~+O/s @@Ix_

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  Friendships 527

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  Adolescent Children: Issues for Parents 528

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  Prolonged Parenting: The “Cluttered Nest” 529

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/Sb!t{Fd.Q0 Other Kinship Ties 530

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  Relationships with Aging Parents 530心理学书籍 psychspace.com \$I`:P e I5DB.\0C

*T9GGwen$A(G(q9W0  Relationships with Siblings 532心理学书籍 psychspace.com [[5V Z,gb$g_

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  Grandparenthood 532

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:ca$Gq uuK8t0 summary and key terms 535心理学书籍 psychspace.coms0]$WoA7})?,O6q!e`

BghK9Bj oT0 Box 16.1 Window on the World A Society without Middle Age 511

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S WS(} g u0chapter 17 Physical and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood 538心理学书籍 psychspace.comU EaosC

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 Old Age Today 540心理学书籍 psychspace.com1h | e/VP|t

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  The Graying of the Population 540

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2K(wuf;_5K7M/w0  Young Old to Oldest Old 541心理学书籍 psychspace.comU;YB GmD%}

*X xNx;o Fs~0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 542心理学书籍 psychspace.comcsk2V5?n%_VT^

u'\ ac!L D\0 Longevity and Aging 542

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C*b@s5[\ OR"v0  Trends and Factors in Life Expectancy 542心理学书籍 psychspace.com _9`/ty.Mo7X

U `x WnLk*d'yJ0  Why People Age 544心理学书籍 psychspace.com'o;n F&bT Q

!Q?SL `0  How Far Can the Life Span Be Extended 547心理学书籍 psychspace.com;Kk+CGF

心理学书籍 psychspace.comKqN$eTR3W

 Physical Changes 549

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6l(xRt9J v0  Organic and Systemic Changes 549心理学书籍 psychspace.comg{,mbT!s.n"m^

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  The Aging Brain 550心理学书籍 psychspace.com!?;C1x!{-r

^I#G4e O9gI(Pf"R0  Sensory and Psychomotor Functioning 551

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  Sleep 552

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/h7je0t@b3mr0  Sexual Functioning 553心理学书籍 psychspace.com QA EO!@YX%gB

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 Physical and Mental Health 554心理学书籍 psychspace.com&s,Mgp]n1V6u A{7F

lG(Tx7Nx"n0  Health Status 554心理学书籍 psychspace.com6[GX9E;A7oOA

2kt9dALM]c,Si0  Chronic Conditions and Disabilities 554

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  Lifestyle Influences on Health and Longevity 555

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  Mental and Behavioral Problems 557心理学书籍 psychspace.comg],b%L)k`

mMtRe7?+b`(E:K3A5z0COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 562

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l,Hl/^ JxXb0 Aspects of Cognitive Development 562

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  Intelligence and Processing Abilities 562

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  Memory: How Does It Change 565心理学书籍 psychspace.comt2B3J X,q

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  Wisdom 568心理学书籍 psychspace.comK6h!j,t'c5?O

.L!P.w;P0C aNi6N0 summary and key terms 569

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 Box 17.1 Research in Action Centenarians 547

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 Theory and Research on Personality Development 574心理学书籍 psychspace.com s1z,BE)dnMo0C8v

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  Erik Erikson : Normative Issues and Tasks 575

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  The Five-Factor Model: Personality Traits in Old Age 575

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 Well-Being in Late Adulthood 577心理学书籍 psychspace.comJf6L!jN9I)C `

"KaQc|$`I9n W0  Coping and Mental Health 577心理学书籍 psychspace.com8`)s? SN'M6Z;_0X

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  Models of “Successful,” or “Optimal,” Aging 579

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%y UV7?(y.u)ni0 Practical and Social Issues Related to Aging 582心理学书籍 psychspace.com(v wvxeV4`[_Wpz

,Ff X*q}D%BD!k!S0  Work and Retirement 583

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  How Do Older Adults Fare Financially 585

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  Living Arrangements 586心理学书籍 psychspace.comup;V.?$t&jRoy

8f0M-s'Wrr\ ~GD0 Personal Relationships in Late Life 590心理学书籍 psychspace.com3Q @%L@_

u%S m s|7cS0  Theories of Social Contact and Social Support 590心理学书籍 psychspace.comr4t9k-_g-{L j

}*_ NU Wm%A0  The Importance of Social Relationships 591

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_4V~5o$_A iB"\0  The Multigenerational Family 591心理学书籍 psychspace.com1F'h$m {|

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  Long-Term Marriage 592心理学书籍 psychspace.com-H'i y o'mP r `+s w*r

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  Widowhood 594

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  Divorce and Remarriage 594心理学书籍 psychspace.com(z,a7j0f*wZ'TE

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 Nonmarital Lifestyles and Relationships 595心理学书籍 psychspace.comn~qqAM/e~

zwF P:~0  Single Life 595心理学书籍 psychspace.com&n5U+k(HDD }

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  Cohabitation 595心理学书籍 psychspace.comU`S/o(e4ztjY

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  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 596心理学书籍 psychspace.comUV{!A;} g

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  Friendships 596心理学书籍 psychspace.comF j/L X0n3r r?q

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ja)g8AI{ \ [0  Relationships with Adult Children 597

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C(?,ZQx0  Relationships with Siblings 599心理学书籍 psychspace.com&[z7b0|$?G ~!PR

Z1^ A&x QF|D0  Becoming Great-Grandparents 599

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 summary and key terms 600

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 Box 18.1 Window on the World Aging in Asia 583

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-{O-X[Xy7I0 Box 18.2 Research in Action Mistreatment of the Elderly 598

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JWlhVi,h#[;U0Part 9 The End of Life

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f7^8RA/AHF0chapter 19 Dealing with Death and Bereavement 602

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 The Many, Changing Meaning of Death and Dying 604

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  The Cultural Context 604心理学书籍 psychspace.com)x-| L@N#k t

Gm ]s o"y,[0  The Mortality Revolution 605

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n-^7m/ru)S]F0  Care of the Dying 605

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v_]&b D T eI0 Facing Death and Loss 606心理学书籍 psychspace.com'tQ8_c+WA's%hQ7d

n2b&J/?Z~0  Physical and Cognitive Changes Preceding Death 606心理学书籍 psychspace.com_t"iU%H'Uc-d1]0mO2o

W%c}9J4NOA_*D_0  Confronting One's Own Death 607

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1J5D4jp:G{fi0  Patterns of Grieving 607心理学书籍 psychspace.com/QE)Zw"H/rn [aIX

3QH$?Dv&E0  Attitudes about Death and Dying across the Life Span 610

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 Significant Losses 612心理学书籍 psychspace.com6N#g1l,`$^2R/bv8Hq6F

,Q/orR L0  Surviving a Spouse 612

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  Losing a Parent in Adulthood 613

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  Losing a Child 615

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  Mourning a Miscarriage 615

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 Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues: The “Right to Die” 616

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  Suicide 616心理学书籍 psychspace.com\#rA&o$q|

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  Hastening Death 618心理学书籍 psychspace.comEHoE\

v E9IUD*c!P0 Finding Meaning and Purpose in Life and Death 623

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i d"{Tig9uXHi0  Reviewing a Life 623心理学书籍 psychspace.com|;w7s_;E M

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  Development: A Lifelong Process 624

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 summary and key terms 624

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9g+^/R%jBJ!F/Xk/ax `0 Box 19.1 Research in Action Ambiguous Loss 609

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Glossary G-1

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8_!~A)yjx9BL;?/wqKL0Bibliography B-1心理学书籍 psychspace.com*_ M,GL1SQQ

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Credits C-1心理学书籍 psychspace.com1j/@0{/To&MUG

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Name Index I-1心理学书籍 psychspace.comnQ1iu o5vG

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Subject Index I-23心理学书籍 psychspace.com^2b/oJq K4~/b

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