心理学书籍 » 发展心理学(第12版 英文版)
发展心理学(第12版 英文版)

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这本《发展心理学》(Experience Human Development)(第12版)是发展心理学领域的经典著作,自第一版面世至今,在美国市场上一直是同类书中的领导品牌,被众多著名大学和院校指定为教材。

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发展心理学(第12版 英文版)

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作者:戴安娜·帕帕拉,露丝·费尔德曼

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LO3L#?9J%T{4I?0出版:人民邮电出版社 2015-1心理学书籍 psychspace.com6tut2TE)`3u

H?B|'m0平装:大16开/765页

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ISBN:9787115373465心理学书籍 psychspace.com4S$~0`Z] DA J

d.@YDS ?5\6yl0定价:128.00

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内容简介

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  与之前的版本相比,本版书具有“独”到之处,主要体现在以下三方面。

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  其一,书名有变化。从第12版开始,书名由原来的“Human Development”改为“Experience Human Development”。“experience”一词体现了本书的新理念——体验式,也突显了这个版本的新特点:(1)注重理论联系实际,让读者充分体验一种与他们的现实世界紧密相联的项目。(2)重视文化的作用:让读者体验文化的多样性以及文化对发展的影响。(3)课程资料丰富详实:让读者在浩瀚详实的课程资料中汲取知识。(4)精选前沿研究:让读者接触到当前最新的发展心理学的研究。 

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3^PC oJ+~7o |0  其二,本版书的目标更加全面:(1)传授发展心理学基础知识;(2)介绍发展心理学研究方法;(3)培养发展心理学的批判性思维技巧;(4)注重发展心理学的应用;(5)弘扬发展心理学的价值;(6)培养发展心理学的技术素养;(7)发展交流沟通技能;(8)提高社会文化和国际意识;(9)注重个体发展;(10)帮助个体规划职业生涯和发展。 心理学书籍 psychspace.comR/wH`q}wy

~x2}5[1Ee#o0  其三,作者团队增加了新成员。加布里埃拉·玛托雷尔(Gabriela Martorell)在加州大学圣塔芭芭拉分校获得发展和进化心理学博士,在多所大学教授心理学研究方法、毕生发展心理学、心理学中的文化议题和进化心理学等多门课程。

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目录

7RgW jt%fy/Uy+~0Contents心理学书籍 psychspace.com9c0\I&?-vUDh

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Part 1 About Human Development

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'K[k]@0EH%`m i0chapter 1 The Study of Human Development 2心理学书籍 psychspace.com xC$A7[nGC

Q2mT;a)l]5oCJ7qxJ0 Human Development: An Ever-Evolving Field 4

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Fzc_G4}+\/g0  Studying the Life Span 5

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CJ!^DSI0  Human Development Today 5

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 The Study of Human Development: Basic Concepts 5

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[DU+m3I0  Domains of Development 6

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$Zu-U*eh$F(^0  Periods of the Life Span 7

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0sY*]0P$sj)Z0 Influences on Development 10心理学书籍 psychspace.com*t^d(pB

,g&G&|"nhc6jc0  Heredity, Environment, and Maturation 10心理学书籍 psychspace.comJg3n0l!K jCl

:A:r+E(T9[%\0  Contexts of Development 10心理学书籍 psychspace.com.yN1n(gg2t#z%Vyw

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  Normative and Nonnormative Influences 15

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  Timing of Influences: Critical or Sensitive Periods 16

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 Paul B. Baltes's Life-Span Developmental Approach 18

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 summary and key terms 20心理学书籍 psychspace.com)lH4pG*d Y"{ T2baz7bn

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 Box 1.1 Window on the World Children of Immigrant Families 14

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z%hUr0T.O0 Box 1.2 Research in Action Is There a Critical Period for Language Acquisition 18心理学书籍 psychspace.com Vk7H%WI

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5q"sbSC"z)C)`PX0chapter 2 Theory and Research 22心理学书籍 psychspace.comp2G#c/i_r

9i|#p3[I]6X0 Basic Theoretical Issues 24心理学书籍 psychspace.com&GKz~"_Q }T

9C3p;Jk)t_0  Issue 1: Is Development Active or Reactive 25

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  Issue 2: Is Development Continuous or Discontinuous 26

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O0H9C"Y a$W0 Theoretical Perspectives 26心理学书籍 psychspace.com#xve6Ek EH]

ia O o9r0  Perspective 1: Psychoanalytic 27心理学书籍 psychspace.com h1w{/B0F1RqLr9D

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  Perspective 2: Learning 30

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  Perspective 3: Cognitive 32心理学书籍 psychspace.comk"VI jZH~

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  Perspective 4: Contextual 35心理学书籍 psychspace.com5al!u wZ+d

N'rU!xr5P1d0  Perspective 5: Evolutionary/Sociobiological 37

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'H'f(Q2kq[3Mi(rbs0  A Shifting Balance 37心理学书籍 psychspace.com"kc_U1A$e%w

+YJ,Hl H*GV5|0 Research Methods 38心理学书籍 psychspace.com.E(D+i]J0pi

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  Quantitative and Qualitative Research 38

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S;p5_U$C-b0  Sampling 39心理学书籍 psychspace.com t3](Lw"uV

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  Forms of Data Collection 40

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&?:p+m?/[NT0  Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research 42

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,E2n TT)A c4dVk1E0  Basic Research Designs 42

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P9{9q&J,~a0  Developmental Research Designs 47

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 Ethics of Research 49心理学书籍 psychspace.com$HV0{&p5G4Gl;{{

4?C-|/E"me_W0 summary and key terms 50

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 Box 2.1 Window on the World Purposes of Cross-Cultural Research 44心理学书籍 psychspace.com%y"u7J3O&Cv O8w"sS?1AF

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Part 2 Beginnings

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chapter 3 Forming a New Life 52心理学书籍 psychspace.com'f:gZamO[*\*E^7Y

0Wxz2DM Ae*c0I3P0 Conceiving New Life 54

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P:z:h&`,n/}5~0  How Fertilization Takes Place 54

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m5H"dZ*q2fu(~g0  What Causes Multiple Births 55

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t$u8Eo`f]O0 Mechanisms of Heredity 56心理学书籍 psychspace.com:I'}/OfG1qJ U

w"jRW}bo*e7?0  The Genetic Code 56心理学书籍 psychspace.com3i/RRimq@%A1s\|

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  What Determines Sex 57

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/Nl7cr1pZ4p0  Patterns of Genetic Transmission 58

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  Genetic and Chromosomal Abnormalities 61心理学书籍 psychspace.com"XI&pq(O

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  Genetic Counseling and Testing 65心理学书籍 psychspace.com!evZ#]a

|[I7XXK*o2[ ~0 Nature and Nurture: Influences of Heredity and Environment 67心理学书籍 psychspace.com5Y/qjH+["y

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  Studying Heredity and Environment 68心理学书籍 psychspace.com^,V6PP(L3aZ{

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  How Heredity and Environment Work Together 69

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  Some Characteristics Influenced by Heredity and Environment 72心理学书籍 psychspace.com5d4Y8em?+G.dU!L@s

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 Prenatal Development 74

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  Stages of Prenatal Development 75

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  Environmental Influences: Maternal Factors 81心理学书籍 psychspace.come$g tIXi,FIC

d(v O,z|;H.X~~0  Environmental Influences: Paternal Factors 88心理学书籍 psychspace.comPw4d2H C

3r}qus%]m~0 Monitoring and Promoting Prenatal Development 88

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  Disparities in Prenatal Care 90

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K;W!q5i&f0  The Need for Preconception Care 90心理学书籍 psychspace.com5m~~gep#E(` ?r

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 summary and key terms 91心理学书籍 psychspace.com.vQ'e f"Zrh

3Dz*k \0{(g6MK7x0 Box 3.1 Research in Action Genetic Testing 66心理学书籍 psychspace.comh)v3co&J#S:w*YZ

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chapter 4 Birth and Physical Development during the First Three Years 94

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pw!Y/u5Nj&MTj-V0 Childbirth and Culture: How Birthing Has Changed 96

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 The Birth Process 98心理学书籍 psychspace.comMvpe~ ~

O5T:M[2Em,b0  Stages of Childbirth 98心理学书籍 psychspace.com5].g _iIh%H6^M }

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  Electronic Fetal Monitoring 98

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  Vaginal versus Cesarean Delivery 99

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  Medicated versus Nonmedicated Delivery 100

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`bo Y a\O Y]%b0 The Newborn Baby 101

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Z"N-S HgUFw0  Size and Appearance 102

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  Body Systems 102

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y)~ h,{M$J0  Medical and Behavioral Assessment 103心理学书籍 psychspace.com!d5Kd p5Dq

qEX#\(P0  States of Arousal 104

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 Complications of Childbirth 105

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  Low Birth Weight 105心理学书籍 psychspace.com-]gT-CZ/S}dv

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  Can a Supportive Environment Overcome Effects of Birth Complications 109

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AM U/Q:m,|![0  Postmaturity 110心理学书籍 psychspace.com$C E"L"h"V)K+Nqn6K

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  Stillbirth 110心理学书籍 psychspace.com8Cs ]A"J t&{W

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 Survival and Health 111心理学书籍 psychspace.comU#o S0m5G6n M ?

M7k!Db3n1L0  Reducing Infant Mortality 111

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  Immunization for Better Health 114

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 Early Physical Development 115

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  Principles of Development 115

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~ju9^ jN0  Growth Patterns 116心理学书籍 psychspace.com~'V$q8e6X

Z~$E G T/sIz#Fl+{z0  Nutrition 116心理学书籍 psychspace.come"j%y u)^E a

$E mUx YK Iz6c7K0  The Brain and Reflex Behavior 118心理学书籍 psychspace.com ^-C~*W"K5fj

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  Early Sensory Capacities 126心理学书籍 psychspace.comm/Z tq%b8x

0J6_ ] e)?M0 Motor Development 127心理学书籍 psychspace.com m(^.Ad)`8AY+e

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  Milestones of Motor Development 127

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9Y*kI'qo0  Motor Development and Perception 130心理学书籍 psychspace.comg E$e5Q6\O

mF w|7Zt*{0  Eleanor and James Gibson's Ecological Theory of Perception 130心理学书籍 psychspace.com.Y3P[,r4?5kD

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  How Motor Development Occurs: Thelen's Dynamic Systems Theory 131心理学书籍 psychspace.comt:j j V0r,eJ3je

Yg2X)X4n8W0  Cultural Influences on Motor Development 132心理学书籍 psychspace.comy k\*W+bV(~

(KD A8]w,w7^x:}0 summary and key terms 132

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o1iO:ucx G0 Box 4.1 Research in Action Lessons from Neuroscience 119心理学书籍 psychspace.com|-r(g @b7k(xL

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 Box 4.2 Research in Action The Autism “Epidemic” 122

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D(uHt:w~l(X$r S J0chapter 5 Cognitive Development during the First Three Years 136心理学书籍 psychspace.com!N ]%B7q Z)W+@f

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 Studying Cognitive Development: Six Approaches 138心理学书籍 psychspace.comd#P"N }*F?B$g&Wn

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 Behaviorist Approach: Basic Mechanics of Learning 139

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A V*y}5U eZR:Qr0  Classical and Operant Conditioning 139

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  Infant Memory 139心理学书籍 psychspace.comc)Iwf;WC[6b

A(N,|$\f r1A0 Psychometric Approach: Developmental and Intelligence Testing 141心理学书籍 psychspace.com.f(u4LY5[gv"W8o

*Bb%Q B2u ^w[0  Testing Infants and Toddlers 141

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@m4ut,AQv"S0  Assessing the Impact of the Early Home Environment 142心理学书籍 psychspace.com9Vp@0ge `

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  Early Intervention 142心理学书籍 psychspace.comWQ:EP0d

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 Piagetian Approach: The Sensorimotor Stage 144心理学书籍 psychspace.com$F o&}A"qfI0\

eI jp,O^me0  Substages of the Sensorimotor Stage 144心理学书籍 psychspace.com#u(u8E~3dwf9}

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  Do Imitative Abilities Develop Earlier than Piaget Thought 147

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W5TD I sK4f'Rf,_-F"E0  Development of Knowledge about Objects and Symbols 149心理学书籍 psychspace.com4k\R#PNNR'd

wFf)gT7PG T0  Evaluating Piaget's Sensorimotor Stage 151

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'~d4C^T0 Information-Processing Approach: Perceptions and Representations 151

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  Habituation 151

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v4wU EK rO9^@V0  Visual and Auditory Perceptual and Processing Abilities 152心理学书籍 psychspace.comw t@|W1\c

+B\4@5u/v{M0  Information Processing as a Predictor of Intelligence 153心理学书籍 psychspace.commF)D.j c9MbY

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  Information Processing and the Development of Piagetian Abilities 155心理学书籍 psychspace.com+q(z)S2U|8`

mwK*y {Af b0  Evaluating Information Processing Research on Infants 158

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 Cognitive Neuroscience Approach: The Brain's Cognitive Structures 159心理学书籍 psychspace.comN:a JJ!E T

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 Social-Contextual Approach: Learning from Interactions with Caregivers 160心理学书籍 psychspace.comi#U-U"Tw*Hy*y[

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 Language Development 161

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  Sequence of Early Language Development 161心理学书籍 psychspace.com}3zKp+i9ecJ

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  Characteristics of Early Speech 165

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  Classic Theories of Language Acquisition: The Nature-Nurture Debate 166

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fac`,U @qAh0  Influences on Early Language Development 168心理学书籍 psychspace.com3Q}x1D a0{IH

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  Preparing for Literacy: The Benefits of Reading Aloud 170

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o;Y4O+M"ZXEK0 summary and key terms 171

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+C ^+e}2h#ZB0 Box 5.1 Research in Action Do Infants and Toddlers Watch Too Much Television 154心理学书籍 psychspace.comLT)A8V5Dde+e!GQN+|

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H[+R1h!s$}2[H5Zh0chapter 6 Psychosocial Development during the First Three Years 174

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)M*|}2g,WK-Sh0 Foundations of Psychosocial Development 176心理学书籍 psychspace.com$|7E7\l5Um

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  Emotions 176

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D.V1a#[w0  Temperament 181心理学书籍 psychspace.comUO2t(yBV

D5}S7YpAe0  Earliest Social Experiences: The Infant in the Family 184

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)[#V@haV#rjv:G0  Gender: How Different Are Baby Boys and Girls 186心理学书籍 psychspace.com,qSS _)h2C

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 Developmental Issues in Infancy 187心理学书籍 psychspace.comU4T{vjU7J

*C@f6lB$a'Q0  Developing Trust 187心理学书籍 psychspace.com;p-fHHU4x&m9I$zFT

?/z1\0}&~[*B0  Developing Attachments 188

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  Emotional Communication with Caregivers: Mutual Regulation 193

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  Social Referencing 193

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 Developmental Issues in Toddlerhood 195

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  The Emerging Sense of Self 195心理学书籍 psychspace.com/L4eX4\q

r9r$t:j:v i(X@/O4{0  Development of Autonomy 196心理学书籍 psychspace.com H7X3TsQ |` Sg

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  The Roots of Moral Development: Socialization and Internalization 196

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 Contact with Other Children 200心理学书籍 psychspace.com/g0a.n{J%a&j#l

S3o#m$f#b6`0  Siblings 200心理学书籍 psychspace.com7w b}:SF:y

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  Sociability with Nonsiblings 201心理学书籍 psychspace.com'IBm_6@(WRt

$S2i5RE#M@+RR^7t0 Children of Working Parents 201心理学书籍 psychspace.comWvyCl"su

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  Effects of Maternal Employment 201心理学书籍 psychspace.comk5SG0n(T Jy/H-ePe

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  Early Child Care 202心理学书籍 psychspace.comhYoC5w(r8j

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 Maltreatment: Abuse and Neglect 205心理学书籍 psychspace.com2SDKO!L-x!`

4d/s w+\p A0  Maltreatment in Infancy and Toddlerhood 205

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  Contributing Factors: An Ecological View 206

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  Helping Families in Trouble 207

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  Long-Term Effects of Maltreatment 208心理学书籍 psychspace.com+lMr,vl*P0{$U R7_

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 summary and key terms 209心理学书籍 psychspace.com#Mx@ {&[!OZ

J-k%YT)w*t$wR0 Box 6.1 Research in Action How Postpartum Depression Affects Early Development 194

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`&if2b Lo5r0 Box 6.2 Window on the World Are Struggles with Toddlers Necessary 198

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/n7zvdG;q5eAM&G0Part 3 Early Childhood

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Zz*K StL"W8o G2z#r0chapter 7 Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood 212心理学书籍 psychspace.com4r ~I^2l?t

'p;m8f2mBG.zR%o0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 214心理学书籍 psychspace.com8n'Q9m!T]ogC-r4I

LV5L+CS6xd5d y y }0 Aspects of Physical Development 214

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  Bodily Growth and Change 214

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7`g6KB \EoU H1d0  Sleep Patterns and Problems 215

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#K4fx0?5}m0  Brain Development 217

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  Motor Skills 217心理学书籍 psychspace.com/}C,pXN;MlC)l:L

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 Health and Safety 220

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\#d9MFF0  Undernutrition 221

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7Yp3C\"w3R4DJ9e'MJq0  Food Allergies 222

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m.pv]3h&lh4i0  Deaths and Accidental Injuries 223心理学书籍 psychspace.com~1J"EuP

d0g$K._:G r0  Health in Context: Environmental Influences 223

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 227心理学书籍 psychspace.come?qU0Mr

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 Piagetian Approach: The Preoperational Child 227

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7PRve#C+\7J0  Advances of Preoperational Thought 228

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  Immature Aspects of Preoperational Thought 230

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l!b6I ZB,P P&}]b0  Do Young Children Have Theories of Mind 232

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E{PVhY0r0 Information-Processing Approach: Memory Development 235心理学书籍 psychspace.comb:U!v-lw*z

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  Basic Processes and Capacities 235心理学书籍 psychspace.com:fQ|{/YJ

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  Recognition and Recall 236

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VID(\5f@&g0d*M0  Forming and Retaining Childhood Memories 236

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^7|9y.b \}i0 Intelligence: Psychometric and Vygotskian Approaches 238心理学书籍 psychspace.comj6x'Tz])n~

1r KC7Qt0in0  Traditional Psychometric Measures 238

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  Influences on Measured Intelligence 239心理学书籍 psychspace.com:@4~x/K+p$v&l2s?*}

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  Testing and Teaching Based on Vygotsky's Theory 239

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3A%dIU/B5^d G0  Vocabulary 240心理学书籍 psychspace.comz,H~hG

wR9dBA\'z0  Grammar and Syntax 241心理学书籍 psychspace.comd[5E[^*Yu

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  Pragmatics and Social Speech 242

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,[J aD`j0  Private Speech 242

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  Preparation for Literacy 243

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  Media and Cognition 244

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 Early Childhood Education 244

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4@{ky3r0  Types of Preschools 244心理学书籍 psychspace.com:Y.O%zLN?f

F"[&D kS'l`R6S0  Compensatory Preschool Programs 245

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\,I8j-@u4JP ch@0  The Child in Kindergarten 246

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 summary and key terms 247

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 Box 7.2 Window on the World Surviving the First Five Years of Life 224

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HDKtx%r1a!W z0chapter 8 Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood 250

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2Y C)Eh;Z0 The Developing Self 252

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  The Self-Concept and Cognitive Development 252

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+e%Yv!I[L0  Self-Esteem 253

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[p8P@ol t0  Understanding and Regulating Emotions 254心理学书籍 psychspace.com(mQ;UlE

.MH LT C*^uJ0  Erikson: Initiative versus Guilt 256心理学书籍 psychspace.com DFH%wGq7tQ

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 Gender 256心理学书籍 psychspace.com,l-hY,K9K0Y8D#P-R rA#G

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  Gender Differences 256心理学书籍 psychspace.comV cQ)]1E)v+Q9oP

k&I!Bmm)?nzkm0  Perspectives on Gender Development 257心理学书籍 psychspace.com,`5Z(CA \x]&h

m e{U8[ [pw0 Play: The Business of Early Childhood 264心理学书籍 psychspace.comX#Cr#ju@?

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  Cognitive Levels of Play 264心理学书籍 psychspace.com5Z XUA^Mk q1Gh

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  The Social Dimension of Play 266心理学书籍 psychspace.comLzS%u%H;yc^?3[

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  How Gender Influences Play 267心理学书籍 psychspace.com'_ `!w$y2k6n(O

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  How Culture Influences Play 268

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!p Ys3Fgq0 Parenting 269心理学书籍 psychspace.com yLY)^7|5d6E;x*\

$}Ei!FWfY'N8E0  Forms of Discipline 269心理学书籍 psychspace.com%aFB.{%Y t&x

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  Parenting Styles 271

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VOO3}$\OtqU3K0  Special Behavioral Concerns 273心理学书籍 psychspace.como4w m#J;q)q%{

6Am,OlT8B al0 Relationships with Other Children 276心理学书籍 psychspace.com{X!fF7CL9p0^8jtU8{

7Pzc0N\%CZM7~0  Sibling Relationships 276心理学书籍 psychspace.come"t+ew"ll'V!`

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  The Only Child 277心理学书籍 psychspace.com-R,Tu9b od9W"|#C

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  Playmates and Friends 278

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I"`~c9Gsf*S y'B0 Box 8.1 Research in Action Does Play Have an Evolutionary Basis 265心理学书籍 psychspace.com4PFW9\CK

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(Q:[a!vI B0xS0chapter 9 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood 282

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~!jDyW*K#M0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 284心理学书籍 psychspace.comAZX }`-b:D_ |1N.r

gr(?X Z'iQ%}0 Aspects of Physical Development 284心理学书籍 psychspace.comw$Q2g1FJal

4q;Pq/lAq4H0  Height and Weight 284心理学书籍 psychspace.com6Cu[\;J

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  Nutrition and Sleep 284

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  Brain Development 285心理学书籍 psychspace.com+x8K)Tp)W)N

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  Motor Development and Physical Play 286心理学书籍 psychspace.com} vyW;M W

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 Health, Fitness, and Safety 288心理学书籍 psychspace.comQ}fFS(\t X8zn?

1jZ%i c5U+AF0  Obesity and Body Image 288

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jI!W#n g}_,sVR0  Other Medical Conditions 290心理学书籍 psychspace.com-g,wi4T \X*U Kz[

L~ sx)c/snl[6]0  Accidental Injuries 291心理学书籍 psychspace.com LR^C2ZI*l

}#C2FJ x'|E8?0COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 292

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 Piagetian Approach: The Concrete Operational Child 292

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h,Po/K^GS^ v!J;R x0  Cognitive Advances 292心理学书籍 psychspace.com5O{CJd(y

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  Influences of Neurological Development, Culture, and Schooling 295心理学书籍 psychspace.com!mSEB;~(vy

d*A2}H Q4f&P2}3h a0  Moral Reasoning 296心理学书籍 psychspace.com(i@:Y|2D)Rd

S_d'W F f5Bl0 Information-Processing Approach: Planning, Attention, and Memory 297

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  How Do Executive Skills Develop 297

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  Selective Attention 297心理学书籍 psychspace.com x%P5U i&MGF

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  Working Memory 297心理学书籍 psychspace.com&A s1t\v%@"o2L#F&j$s

#{.sm?oA{Ro;L0  Metamemory: Understanding Memory 298心理学书籍 psychspace.com D F\1n:ym^

UT(BMn5h| S"w0  Mnemonics: Strategies for Remembering 298心理学书籍 psychspace.com7A)}JK|

t9tp2gpn0  Information Processing and Piagetian Tasks 300

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J\/]w s0  The IQ Controversy 300

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  Influences on Intelligence (IQ) 301

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  Is There More Than One Intelligence  304心理学书籍 psychspace.comF-U)o j$o h5M

k#e/HL~Q#A0  Other Directions in Intelligence Testing 306心理学书籍 psychspace.com&Ea[z!\*c

*l8z)v/E$w;}+WtP0 Language and Literacy 306心理学书籍 psychspace.com_|W/X P Ni

/Wye3i l0  Vocabulary, Grammar, and Syntax 306

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  Pragmatics: Knowledge about Communication 307

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  Second-Language Learning 308

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/q({ \@*V7Q1ri0  Becoming Literate 308

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 The Child In School 309

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  Entering First Grade 309

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9vi"nj#e0  Influences on School Achievement 310心理学书籍 psychspace.com_E$Nn,p

(~Eg)x d*]0 Educating Children with Special Needs 313

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^-\Tt2w]0  Children with Learning Problems 313心理学书籍 psychspace.comM Baj+p ic"uz

MpXL r h.hXN0  Gifted Children 317

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 summary and key terms 318心理学书籍 psychspace.com0M+C3^ig*p

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 Box 9.1 Research in Action Do Barbie Dolls Affect Girls' Body Image 289

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chapter 10 Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood 322心理学书籍 psychspace.comk7aq@MT!V|

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 The Developing Self 324心理学书籍 psychspace.comg]v _ xU|zh m

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  Self-Concept Development: Representational Systems 324心理学书籍 psychspace.com o{ G(KT7g

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  Self-Esteem 324心理学书籍 psychspace.comMR cns0|*z Y"y

&J Hl1@m1Nw2gTo0  Emotional Growth and Prosocial Behavior 325

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m|6[2u"t d U9a0 The Child in the Family 326心理学书籍 psychspace.comTTG&q)R

7[l_,~i8]l#~0  Family Atmosphere 326心理学书籍 psychspace.comAT.V _ @/?l

TT R[U8R)S~0  Family Structure 330

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5Q@ v[6YH0  Sibling Relationships 335心理学书籍 psychspace.com.T4B`6E"uE,v

|c|mFI0 The Child in the Peer Group 336

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2?3JzF8tnQ0  Positive and Negative Effects of Peer Relations 336

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  Popularity 337

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1X*x7UV'?S4X0  Friendship 338心理学书籍 psychspace.coma/UOqwM

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  Aggression and Bullying 339

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$L*cH#bX-G7O0 Mental Health 343

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t4w.C%E4{%Z0  Common Emotional Problems 343心理学书籍 psychspace.com.D(n6`O}p

"`2Z6M-[ fz4}0N0  Treatment Techniques 345

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f|vX8m r\,[0  Stress and Resilience 346心理学书籍 psychspace.comWMa:\6u4d{ m j2Yw

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 summary and key terms 350

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 Box 10.1 Research in Action Pass the Milk: Family Mealtimes and Child Well-Being 327心理学书籍 psychspace.commv/M1y??4Nww

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 Box 10.2 Research in Action Talking to Children about Terrorism and War 348心理学书籍 psychspace.com2RijKnf

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Part 5 Adolescence心理学书籍 psychspace.com#y:E2AZ+O*PL@4UQ.M

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chapter 11 Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence 352

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-H#G m"qrs3yAB0 Adolescence: A Developmental Transition 354心理学书籍 psychspace.com3t2z3iWY"m,{U,Hnq

:^q S/eu8G4f*C0  Adolescence as a Social Construction 354心理学书籍 psychspace.comY"f(qS.X,Uu

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  Adolescence: A Time of Opportunities and Risks 355心理学书籍 psychspace.comv)h7Q X`+Jx

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PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 355心理学书籍 psychspace.com3S%Vm ^3Lo

"~9d R{^0 Puberty 355心理学书籍 psychspace.comR0k!FQ@,y)O p,F'a p-R

7x(c%UC}TL!XA)Z~0  How Puberty Begins: Hormonal Changes 355心理学书籍 psychspace.comXkNd,MqFY$d

'bKDUq-}%O3IL0  Timing, Signs, and Sequence of Puberty and Sexual Maturity 357心理学书籍 psychspace.com/U(w*th;f b"z

pTALWJ0 The Adolescent Brain 360

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 Physical and Mental Health 362

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  Physical Activity 362

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m{^!D@&f8f3L_0  Sleep Needs and Problems 363心理学书籍 psychspace.com6\&X.z;{6K9_e&JeU"B

v[rIj6XL2P0  Nutrition and Eating Disorders 363心理学书籍 psychspace.comI0?&~+|[ D+hK

E wf6[,X4g bY0  Use and Abuse of Drugs 367

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  Depression 370

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  Death in Adolescence 371

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m.l]%l x3h8AT0COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 372心理学书籍 psychspace.com4hk)Sr-M.G

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 Aspects of Cognitive Maturation 372

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)^%cu~k6X0UW0  Piaget's Stage of Formal Operations 372

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  Changes in Information Processing 374心理学书籍 psychspace.com'E-f#V@"s9` @:E!@

'KP0{\6J\L Ui9l0  Language Development 375心理学书籍 psychspace.comjEg?mM

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d#j7Ry)d(m2d-l%C0  An Ethic of Care: Gilligan's Theory 378

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  Prosocial Behavior and Volunteer Activity 378心理学书籍 psychspace.comD;H&lzAFI

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 Educational and Vocational Issues 379

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  Influences on School Achievement 380

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  Dropping Out of High School 383

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  Preparing for Higher Education or Vocations 384

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"W })uY*S0 Box 11.2 Research in Action Multitasking and Gen M 383

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wL*m*C)K0chapter 12 Psychosocial Development in Adolescence 388心理学书籍 psychspace.com:aeA e4Vghh$E

!_A;VGL q j!rr0 The Search for Identity 390心理学书籍 psychspace.com+sN8}]!B

6[u^d p.SR6Y6`0  Erikson : Identity versus Identity Confusion 390

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{,F{MN M9D|$s0  Marcia: Identity Status—Crisis and Commitment 391心理学书籍 psychspace.com |1m_i$pI1X

VT%r\%]J0  Gender Differences in Identity Formation 393

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  Ethnic Factors in Identity Formation 394心理学书籍 psychspace.com+OZ@rc'Ev

&E#y2^#K,V5t0 Sexuality 395心理学书籍 psychspace.com0jt {Vwm+}B

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  Sexual Orientation and Identity 396

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{:Rhd5U"} `0  Sexual Behavior 397

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,s&hrs(qm0  Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) 399心理学书籍 psychspace.com m#f$B0f7T[q8E"W*em

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  Teenage Pregnancy and Childbearing 401

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  Changing Time Use and Changing Relationships 404

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  Adolescents and Parents 405

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`&d6b+O!c`)\0  Adolescents and Siblings 408

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  Adolescents and Peers 409

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g m0uPy(AH0 Antisocial Behavior and Juvenile Delinquency 412

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O2?N3H$C*D0  Becoming a Delinquent: Genetic and Neurological Factors 412

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(tZ7G.B8` N0  Becoming a Delinquent: How Family, Peer, and Community Influences  Interact 412心理学书籍 psychspace.com ~'h(gg?9{3@ Z(I

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  Long-Term Prospects 414心理学书籍 psychspace.com[;Z!WV[&P

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  Preventing and Treating Delinquency 415心理学书籍 psychspace.com$r:}5q-q)^#u

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 summary and key terms 417心理学书籍 psychspace.comV#O#[{X}#lS

6F~ y;U U u x z0 Box 12.1 Research in Action Consequences of the Social Network 411

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 Box 12.2 Research in Action The Youth Violence Epidemic 414心理学书籍 psychspace.comj0ms5QG5D4Vs@}"w

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Part 6 Emerging and Young Adulthood

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chapter 13 Physical and Cognitive Development in Emerging and Young Adulthood 418心理学书籍 psychspace.com/GE E R!e2H"iQ:r

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 Emerging Adulthood 420

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O/s[4N ] U#lp0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 421

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$wE.s-|n0NK!k.~:Z0  Health Status and Health Issues 421

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i!a$_U3? M0  Genetic Influences on Health 422心理学书籍 psychspace.com@,]6mM0Tl%w

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  Behavioral Influences on Health and Fitness 422

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w zRvYj+o$@dn0  Indirect Influences on Health 426心理学书籍 psychspace.com:W/t;Z;bU6JI

:?W {*s3EE6[ V0  Mental Health Problems 429

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ekL m7r%A0 Sexual and Reproductive Issues 430心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ&W:tc T+Qk4C

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  Sexual Behavior and Attitudes 431心理学书籍 psychspace.comY)\ B1_2JQ l

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  Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) 431

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  Menstrual Disorders 432心理学书籍 psychspace.comjwYL{:|&z N;x @

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  Infertility 433

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 434

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 Perspectives on Adult Cognition 434

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  Beyond Piaget: New Ways of Thinking in Adulthood 434

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'_"A!j)gf0t+}p0  Schaie: A Life-Span Model of Cognitive Development 436

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  Sternberg: Insight and Know-How 437心理学书籍 psychspace.com,W'aB0Cz

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  Emotional Intelligence 438心理学书籍 psychspace.com ?B3p9z6t)o

X6p R|A0 Moral Reasoning 439

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#Z]J S_C5L0  Culture and Moral Reasoning 439

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n3\$~Yz?Ptq0  Gender and Moral Reasoning 441心理学书籍 psychspace.com|![__D(i

^:U'z:C"B*Ky0 Education and Work 442心理学书籍 psychspace.comfaxR,]'Y:i4QW

Q0rJd&_:Il0  The College Transition 443心理学书籍 psychspace.comopW&uR%YU|oFb(U

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  Entering the World of Work 445

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6ht5CU;FE,Q0 summary and key terms 448

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 Box 13.1 Research in Action Assisted Reproductive Technology 434心理学书籍 psychspace.comM^ U:o)X!am#z:nl

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 Box 13.2 Research in Action Development of Faith across the Life Span 440

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Xr9B Fx&~d{G2[0chapter 14 Psychosocial Development in Emerging and Young Adulthood 450

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;xs!yWnc0 Emerging Adulthood: Patterns and Tasks 452

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P|` uv$pL4KK0  Varied Paths to Adulthood 452心理学书籍 psychspace.com u#LfI6p

(a0Mz*GD{/x/X0  Identity Development in Emerging Adulthood 453心理学书籍 psychspace.comQ0k%z+?y-m ^(Fv:gX

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  Developing Adult Relationships with Parents 455心理学书籍 psychspace.com&D e ] Ar

5]o6m R%?~0 Personality Development: Four Views 456心理学书籍 psychspace.com+z8W_G4uxnX

v9F]5V pD0  Normative-Stage Models 457心理学书籍 psychspace.comgP,cSs%s#S}

Ad"?)qQ^r~~0  Timing-of-Events Model 458心理学书籍 psychspace.com$p6^i)?H j"t+^*cR

K3D+Vh8Y1z0  Trait Models: Costa and McCrae's Five Factors 459

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  Typological Models 461心理学书籍 psychspace.com4qA@1bQ

e~r.t2Fmj}0 Foundations of Intimate Relationships 462心理学书籍 psychspace.com/|w p hcC^o

"K`fH s [y0  Friendship 462

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!lp#|*]+A0  Love 463

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2f8M"H*Z-k)O0 Marital and Nonmarital Lifestyles 464心理学书籍 psychspace.comY(IfA^{Li1m

(S7I*_E^Ib3n o0  Single Life 464心理学书籍 psychspace.comf1u9P-n&I9s0Z*K

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  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 465心理学书籍 psychspace.comERDy,p0dH7A D

$`J"B/V;D'zO0  Cohabitation 466心理学书籍 psychspace.comV0b}-l'c&h;p e

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  Marriage 467心理学书籍 psychspace.com-u0VlTv,rt

t4Yz,LOc+|V0Q K0 Parenthood 470心理学书籍 psychspace.com0z6[2t0RS ~'r

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  Parenthood as a Developmental Experience 470

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  How Dual-Income Families Cope 472心理学书籍 psychspace.com Ke.]&i8I I ca7Vh

心理学书籍 psychspace.com$ZNto T{

 When Marriage Ends 473心理学书籍 psychspace.com7]`'R*\6U8I-N`

_N~5mIE5I1b#gX,o0  Divorce 473心理学书籍 psychspace.com6xj6|X,]9o!_ s b

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  Remarriage and Stepparenthood 475

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 summary and key terms 476

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1pq0Pr `7wfY;mVS0 Box 14.2 Research in Action Intimate Partner Violence 474

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chapter 15 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood 478

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G/p a2S:tHC0 Middle Age: A Social Construct 480

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Nt ?~#r0PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 482

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 Physical Changes 482心理学书籍 psychspace.com DYJiUdV

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  Sensory and Psychomotor Functioning 482

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  The Brain at Midlife 483心理学书籍 psychspace.com^ {:C"l4Dp_ \x U

j vbA%^$p0  Structural and Systemic Changes 484

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:l"E N+MO)p6@x.r0  Physical and Mental Health 488心理学书籍 psychspace.comD(_`'H6wS

&t7W4[Bd(@ r-Un0  Health Trends at Midlife 488

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3].N(DEb,e0  Behavioral Influences on Health 490心理学书籍 psychspace.comd3L fe%n

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  Socioeconomic Status and Health 490

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c3MB;^(o+~!DL pPR0  Race/Ethnicity and Health 491心理学书籍 psychspace.com@g,N(H4n

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  Gender and Health 492心理学书籍 psychspace.comR)rH"D'o^4e3m%Ah8a.E

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  Stress in Middle Age 495

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  Emotions and Health 496心理学书籍 psychspace.com,KX%T`7J-|:oZ

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  Mental Health 497

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 499心理学书籍 psychspace.come5~ EGC(^Z5fc-Qm

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 Measuring Cognitive Abilities in Middle Age 499

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  Schaie: The Seattle Longitudinal Study 499

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  Horn and Cattell: Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence 501心理学书籍 psychspace.com ? D#K3~[Xc%d'XF"w/nMJ

(fV0[c9d?0 The Distinctiveness of Adult Cognition 501

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[6kg;{"Iua,u!W0  The Role of Expertise 501心理学书籍 psychspace.com!@C3W6{ U9k6k

)M~)om T7W0  Integrative Thought 502心理学书籍 psychspace.com1W*e6D9YW}+Sx

-k"l(n ?9z0 Creativity 503心理学书籍 psychspace.comE X a(Y&v5h

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  Characteristics of Creative Achievers 503

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_'h(scL0  Creativity and Age 503

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6V)i b([*m(@%PDp0 Work and Education 504心理学书籍 psychspace.com0q a'i;ca%]5\!v^~

X@.G"o,g7Oot(Q0  Work versus Early Retirement 504心理学书籍 psychspace.com-n!ASvN(F{O XZF)H

&LuPS0_I3v8|:i0  Work and Cognitive Development 505心理学书籍 psychspace.com DF2M,C"w gv

p h V|:J@[0  The Mature Learner 505心理学书籍 psychspace.com'd0~ x,sK7tS1m

/\Lv2tj0 summary and key terms 506

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yR5k*z,q v0 Box 15.1 Window on the World Cultural Differences in Women's Experience of Menopause 488心理学书籍 psychspace.com@ SqS9z,D l

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3Gu}D6_u*j0chapter 16 Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood 508

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 Looking at the Life Course in Middle Age 510心理学书籍 psychspace.com4A [^7KlY'ie

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 Change at Midlife: Theoretical Approaches 511心理学书籍 psychspace.comEb__5g)w*sdE]v

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  Trait Models 512

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  Normative-Stage Models 512

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  Timing of Events: The Social Clock 515

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 The Self at Midlife: Issues and Themes 515

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6H0c%IGIT^:p0  Is There a Midlife Crisis 515

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8L |E'T:B9ea0  Identity Development 516心理学书籍 psychspace.comV6N@lb-Q*J8Q anQ1D

;SD+H/nXK0  Psychological Well-Being and Positive Mental Health 519

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PC%RQ0l @0 Relationships at Midlife 522心理学书籍 psychspace.comA(|R(XAq-w!C4`

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  Theories of Social Contact 522

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  Relationships, Gender, and Quality of Life 523心理学书籍 psychspace.com?0_ ^ vuvy

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 Consensual Relationships 523

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  Marriage 523

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  Divorce 524心理学书籍 psychspace.com2kR^TYT8ux

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  Marital Status, Well-Being, and Health 525

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  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 526心理学书籍 psychspace.com|fgar3p K

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  Friendships 527心理学书籍 psychspace.com;IAF4D~F1LsT

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 Relationships with Maturing Children 527

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4E:L} J3| d6d$bX*q0  Adolescent Children: Issues for Parents 528心理学书籍 psychspace.como%jbY,z&l

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  When Children Leave: The Empty Nest 528心理学书籍 psychspace.comL e:BXCi}3U+V

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  Parenting Grown Children 529

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`~[s R?Zib7X0  Prolonged Parenting: The “Cluttered Nest” 529

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 Other Kinship Ties 530心理学书籍 psychspace.comK*H7K eE:I.BSr;fI/h

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  Relationships with Aging Parents 530心理学书籍 psychspace.comFk.~s)OM0Y

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  Relationships with Siblings 532

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  Grandparenthood 532

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v3K6Fu| pb;hv0 Box 16.1 Window on the World A Society without Middle Age 511心理学书籍 psychspace.com i!gC5V$^6cd w0b

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chapter 17 Physical and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood 538

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9u~0`.XRp/sT0 Old Age Today 540

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  The Graying of the Population 540

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  Young Old to Oldest Old 541

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PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 542心理学书籍 psychspace.com\4v?+VQ

k R!fc$r7EQ4U@.G0 Longevity and Aging 542

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  Trends and Factors in Life Expectancy 542

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2nrx Z{#a#U;@R0  Why People Age 544心理学书籍 psychspace.com+J)UW\Rs8G;_Mh

BP.I*D};[)^2a|0  How Far Can the Life Span Be Extended 547心理学书籍 psychspace.com@-}hS1zrhk

X9pRv)\a:{!d8j7h/y0 Physical Changes 549心理学书籍 psychspace.comw\9t$f]ep5@I\{

9F}2u7j UE4i0  Organic and Systemic Changes 549

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c1_{`5Kuz mS0  The Aging Brain 550心理学书籍 psychspace.com3GA UMxP#|

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  Sensory and Psychomotor Functioning 551心理学书籍 psychspace.comZ_ i/T*A a4_

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  Sleep 552

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h"a4xu?[4[[8ZY0  Sexual Functioning 553

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 Physical and Mental Health 554心理学书籍 psychspace.com(@o'c%N{y%~K

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  Health Status 554

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  Chronic Conditions and Disabilities 554

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  Mental and Behavioral Problems 557心理学书籍 psychspace.com{7c"r2C*Z8H

6z/Xp e.l7j0COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 562

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#@1Kw}Z,]T0  Intelligence and Processing Abilities 562

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  Memory: How Does It Change 565

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w1E"_4^?]d ^0  Wisdom 568心理学书籍 psychspace.com0]!]/Z H/Rvs,YE$U

6cL%de5me0 summary and key terms 569

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 Box 17.1 Research in Action Centenarians 547

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Lm9e#F UMz.? w3CX)h0 Theory and Research on Personality Development 574

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  Erik Erikson : Normative Issues and Tasks 575

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  The Five-Factor Model: Personality Traits in Old Age 575心理学书籍 psychspace.comj;|zhB:}HYg

_9_%T K:|U0 Well-Being in Late Adulthood 577心理学书籍 psychspace.com9Qq ]#kI+klUih5\

6sfj6oq-QJP c0  Coping and Mental Health 577

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  Models of “Successful,” or “Optimal,” Aging 579

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$F8rq0Q'] WrYK0  Work and Retirement 583

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  How Do Older Adults Fare Financially 585

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  Living Arrangements 586心理学书籍 psychspace.com],_csKy^|

/KxL^e&wK0 Personal Relationships in Late Life 590心理学书籍 psychspace.comho-WJ$o

Mx6a!m,h2WN*p y.M,jy0  Theories of Social Contact and Social Support 590

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  The Multigenerational Family 591心理学书籍 psychspace.com*J C\8[s3q r

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  Long-Term Marriage 592心理学书籍 psychspace.comS[9oE;Z

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  Widowhood 594心理学书籍 psychspace.com4az+c?da&V(uoJ#T9A

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  Divorce and Remarriage 594

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#O j a,[N Q0  Single Life 595心理学书籍 psychspace.comla5[1@,kf?

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  Cohabitation 595心理学书籍 psychspace.comQ%qlo7I

y~'u@"H,yk)S.hG0  Gay and Lesbian Relationships 596心理学书籍 psychspace.commiT(L)F4|

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  Friendships 596心理学书籍 psychspace.com;zp&] bG$X[/J(y

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 Nonmarital Kinship Ties 597心理学书籍 psychspace.comn)w3?4k$v-`

wv.\zN(|e0  Relationships with Adult Children 597心理学书籍 psychspace.com L }u-}^Y_r

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  Relationships with Siblings 599心理学书籍 psychspace.comN |'Q4D[

&z0RK P b&m0  Becoming Great-Grandparents 599

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 Box 18.1 Window on the World Aging in Asia 583心理学书籍 psychspace.comq|6bP's&f/}aX

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 Box 18.2 Research in Action Mistreatment of the Elderly 598心理学书籍 psychspace.com+Dy `*[u]\ ?5`%{b-K

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Part 9 The End of Life

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2|0Cbsa!G"kk/Dz9m0chapter 19 Dealing with Death and Bereavement 602心理学书籍 psychspace.com4quKD | o a*`~

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 The Many, Changing Meaning of Death and Dying 604心理学书籍 psychspace.com"PU0D$_a2gmz

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  The Cultural Context 604

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Ch\f;T-H||`0  The Mortality Revolution 605

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  Care of the Dying 605

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 Facing Death and Loss 606心理学书籍 psychspace.com rr.nz2dAG

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  Physical and Cognitive Changes Preceding Death 606心理学书籍 psychspace.com X4}dB.\F5i3s3?6n

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  Confronting One's Own Death 607心理学书籍 psychspace.comf|G KaD{Y4I

'E'[V7@;f:Y0  Patterns of Grieving 607

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j4FC$H^;].r#qz:V0  Attitudes about Death and Dying across the Life Span 610心理学书籍 psychspace.com XhU$Z-y2X

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 Significant Losses 612心理学书籍 psychspace.com!vdJ\/XD}M

:C#D2r X Yz0  Surviving a Spouse 612

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:Z_7G @V us:WqZ0  Losing a Parent in Adulthood 613心理学书籍 psychspace.comdtj ]!b'JE

F$r!C.^C E.\*_0  Losing a Child 615

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  Mourning a Miscarriage 615心理学书籍 psychspace.com1J*LVr0s*J$y

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 Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues: The “Right to Die” 616心理学书籍 psychspace.comg U w0c1kNPr

}$GdseG]ie0  Suicide 616

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8z)FI2_*G ~;a0V9J0  Hastening Death 618心理学书籍 psychspace.com)f$d _,};`1{{-_,e

4]1G%{i-j0|B;m0 Finding Meaning and Purpose in Life and Death 623心理学书籍 psychspace.comb)d'q@;J%X

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  Reviewing a Life 623心理学书籍 psychspace.com9Q2A\:G4g7`

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  Development: A Lifelong Process 624

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 summary and key terms 624

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 Box 19.1 Research in Action Ambiguous Loss 609心理学书籍 psychspace.comQ5_x Ugb)Q`

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YJ(I[Op+]0Glossary G-1

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?'~|1mB q~0Name Index I-1心理学书籍 psychspace.comrELde j

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Subject Index I-23

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育儿教育 » 发展心理学

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发展心理学(第12版 英文版)

作者:戴安娜·帕帕拉,露丝·费尔德曼