心理学书籍 » 行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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-H:C _UU"E;l7^-q"F"rW0行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是一本经典的高级研究方法教材。两位作者分别用几十年的时间从事心理学教学和研究工作,其研究重心又集中在心理学研究方法和数据分析方面。他们在这方面进行了深入钻研和分析,并结出了丰硕的成果,共同合作出版了多本关于研究方法和数据分析的著作。心理学书籍 psychspace.comu G ygNw C

行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析(第3版,英文注释版)(精装)

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作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯诺
'M!K:U7ifn.S1c0出版:人民邮电出版社 2012-1心理学书籍 psychspace.comkmX z+L J
开本:小16开心理学书籍 psychspace.com3ft8_b7m;n6g
装帧:精装心理学书籍 psychspace.com*l!x pMC t(Yh%\
字数:950千字
@.I'qcIu0页数:842页心理学书籍 psychspace.com4T8@2q2x];JsJ1DD
ISBN:9787115269874
0cr:iAD7dc$RG:`0定价:158.00心理学书籍 psychspace.com}5A)V-f3eH+[h`
原名:Essentials of Behavioral Research: Methods and Data Analysis

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内容简介

[I7j-d*R*|0  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》这本著作的前半部分着重于研究方法的论述,涉及基础概念和基本伦理、因变量的操作和测量以及研究设计的逻辑;后半部分着重于描述高级统计过程,包括四个部分:数据分析基础、单因素设计、因素设计以及数据分析的其他问题。附录中还包括书中用到的公式、常用统计图表、术语及参考文献。

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  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是心理学、社会学、人类学、传播学、教育学、商学、统计学、市场营销学等多个学科领域的教师、学者和学生从事教学和研究工作所必备的一本工具书。

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作者简介

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 Robert Rosenthal is Distinguished Professor at the University of California at Riverside and Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, Harvard University. His research has centered for some 50 years on the role of the self-fulfi lling prophecy in everyday life and in laboratory situations. Special interests include the effects of teachers’ expectations on students’performance, the effects of experimenters’expectations on the results of their research, and the effects of clinicians’expectations on their patients’mental and physical health. He also has strong interests in sources of artifact in behavioral research and in various quantitative procedures. In the realm of data analysis, his special interests are in experimental design and analysis, contrast analysis, and meta-analysis. His most recent books and articles are about these areas of data analysis and about the nature of nonverbal communication in teacher-student, doctorpatient, manager-employee, judge-jury, and psychotherapist-client interaction. He has been Co-Chair of the Task Force on Statistical Inference of the American Psychological Association and has served as Chair of the Research Committee of the Bayer Institute for Health Care Communication. He was a co-recipient of two behavioral science awards of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1960,1993) and recipient of the James McKeen Cattell Award of the American Psychological Society, the Distinguished Scientist Award of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, the Samuel J. Messick Distinguished Scientifi c Contributions Award of the APA’s Division 5—Evaluation, Measurement, and Statistics, and the APA’s Distinguished Scientifi c Award for Applications of Psychology.心理学书籍 psychspace.com\1q?&q[U

#?vQ;xXzcI0Ralph L. Rosnow is Thaddeus Bolton Professor Emeritus at Temple University, where he taught for 34 years and directed the graduate program in social and organizational psychology. He has also taught research methods at Boston University and Harvard University and does consulting on research and data analysis. The overarching theme of his scholarly work concerns how people make sense of, and impose meaning on,their experiential world, called the “will to meaning” by Viktor Frankl. Rosnow has explored aspects of this construct in research and theory within the framework of contextualism, the psychology of rumor and gossip, attitude and social cognition, the structure of interpersonal acumen, artifacts and ethical dilemmas in human research,and the statistical justifi cation of scientifi c conclusions. He has authored and coauthored many articles and books on these topics and, with Mimi Rosnow, coauthored Writing Papers in Psychology, a popular writing manual now in its seventh edition (published by Thomson Wadsworth, 2006). He has served on the editorial boards of journals and encyclopedias, was coeditor (with R. E. Lana) of the Reconstruction of Society Series published by Oxford University Press, and chaired the APA’s Committee on Standards in Research. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the APA, and the Association for Psychological Science, received the Society of General Psychology’s George A. Miller Award, and was recently honored with a Festschrift book edited by D. A. Hantula, Advances in Social and Organizational Psychology心理学书籍 psychspace.com]+wOSa%YM
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Rosenthal and Rosnow have also collaborated on other books on research methods and data analysis, including Artifact in Behavioral Research (Academic Press, 1969);The Volunteer Subject (Wiley, 1975); Primer of Methods for the Behavioral Sciences(Wiley, 1975); Understanding Behavioral Science: Research Methods for Research Consumers (McGraw-Hill, 1984); Contrast Analysis: Focused Comparisons in the Analysis of Variance (Cambridge University Press, 1985); People Studying People: Artifacts and Ethics in Behavioral Research (W. H. Freeman, 1997); (with D. B. Rubin)Contrasts and Effect Sizes in Behavioral Research: A Correlational Approach (Cambridge University Press, 2000); and Beginning Behavioral Research: A Conceptual心理学书籍 psychspace.com Z~:]$Dl;WB*f,z
Primer (6 th ed., Pearson/PrenticeHall, 2008).

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目录

Y8vcO X3Km9H)U0第一编 概念与伦理基础
7Q E;u~Q-|0第1章 行为研究的精神心理学书籍 psychspace.com,O8b3usJ$H(i T(jB
第2章 探索与辩护的环境
8O{-eG4p3K0第3章 伦理问题、道德两难问题与指导方针
As*Nu$~p a F0第二编 因变量的可操作化和可测量化
6I'n T?*vc#S0第4章 测量信度和效度
N:lxX8HSCql0第5章 观察、判断和复合变量
6XjP_)qh#OO|0第6章 问卷法、访谈法和日志法心理学书籍 psychspace.comh nP%m.t E
第三编 研究设计的逻辑
S,Z!h$tH;IcI(U0第7章 随机控制的实验和因果推论
_;q ]j+^:w0第8章 非随机化研究与函数关系心理学书籍 psychspace.comx4[ xvz@$s*E_*_
第9章 随机与非随机抽取样本心理学书籍 psychspace.com`.t%h6p(J
第四编 数据分析的基本原理心理学书籍 psychspace.com qw z#a;xM
第10章 描述、展示以及探究数据心理学书籍 psychspace.com.R8@MyHl#_G
第11章 相关关系心理学书籍 psychspace.com8Gs tF9}d-i+p
第12章 统计检验力与效应值
A1aih7x:V0第五编 单因素设计
7F?Y7p*|:k,td0第13章 用t 检验比较均值
dlkrO:N'Ig,B2U+l0第14章 方差分析与F 检验
\V/H.g/RDl]$XC0第15章 单因素对比分析心理学书籍 psychspace.com*uz)O4xQB9El,k
第六编 因素设计
"o1L*?xp8k D_0第16章 多因素方差分析
3@^*Kkp9J'u[$T0第17章 方差分析中的交互作用
0O,z(YBKgH1\0第18章 重复测量方差分析心理学书籍 psychspace.com*tm*i3a K%k
第七编 数据分析的补充问题
;~*TD&R%oP8K0第19章 显著性检验和列联表分析心理学书籍 psychspace.comgZdl,G [5t
第20章 多元数据分析
&P{)E,z] HK u0第21章 元分析:研究结果的比较和综合
rq(C_!u}Z5n'kh!s0第八编 附录
BHa*_x0详细目录
$Y)PZl8Ix1yI M!|0PART I CONCEPTUAL AND ETHICAL FOUNDATIONS
C:l"`4i7l4L0Chapter The Spirit of Behavioral Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com9c/o-T5t2B-C`
Science and the Search for Knowledge
Xu#Dt{1Qd,S8W0What Do Behavioral Researchers Really Know?
t9dZ'B#M`0Social Constructionism
zY!SSg@1m0Contextualism/Perspectivism
"\,g ?ph-LK6j0Evolutionary Epistemology
;~L@#a,m1R4t%M1N0Peirce’s Four Ways of Knowing
;{E|Q Qx0Rhetoric, Perceptibility, and Aesthetics
N?`_zD kJFM0Limitations of the Four Supports of Conviction心理学书籍 psychspace.comcb8D5FF/o
Behavioral Research Defi ned心理学书籍 psychspace.com%] Iq H'kt7Q
Three Broad Research Orientations
6K-f_y1Gi7P0The Descriptive Research Orientation心理学书籍 psychspace.com4@;D0gr8T([S P
The Relational Research Orientation心理学书籍 psychspace.com.r0C9fLE*gA
The Experimental Research Orientation
}S0n:cO`0Empirical Principles as Probabilistic Assertions心理学书籍 psychspace.com4Hg[wd"V;Lh p
Orienting Habits of Good Scientifi c Practice
3t#\f2u!v7u(i0Chapter Contexts of Discovery and Justifi cation心理学书籍 psychspace.comZX E~]h8M
Inspiration and Explanation心理学书籍 psychspace.com P9R4q-`x k R1A?
Theories and Hypotheses心理学书籍 psychspace.comz'{ FxfB[8em| L
Sources of Inspiration and Insight心理学书籍 psychspace.com buA"`[Pa/gv
Serendipity in Behavioral Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com-KNW4j!v
Molding Ideas Into Working Hypotheses心理学书籍 psychspace.comN"NP2o!fOsN!]
Positivism, Falsifi cationism, and Conventionalism心理学书籍 psychspace.com\}AZh4l;n
Type I and Type II Decision Errors心理学书籍 psychspace.com?4K.f]5c+cD5b
Statistical Signifi cance and the Effect Size
I4N3x L~CZfR0Two Families of Effect Sizes
c,E&w.e:i7?NWX2M0Interval Estimates Around Effect Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com+T*C0SJ2f&G,b)`I#X
Summing Up
5|5Cm]*Qv7TR0Chapter Ethical Considerations, Dilemmas,and Guidelines
@jT kzF0Puzzles and Problems
q%rY1d(S0A Delicate Balancing Act
1`]$D"c5}0Historical Context of the American Psychological Association Code
Y!p(Z7c_"QNb,CQ1E0The Belmont Report, Federal Regulations, and the Institutional心理学书籍 psychspace.comE.b5N.f'G(t4R]
Review Board
EV.@ A'H ~5I#}y0Principle I: Respect for Persons and Their Autonomy心理学书籍 psychspace.coml ER%t's x8?
Principle II: Benefi cence and Nonmalefi cence
L n:K7z a;DM*P2wr0Principle III: Justice
Y;E']-RHp1jlx0Principle IV: Trust
]oqAvk^%ik0Principle V: Fidelity and Scientifi c Integrity心理学书籍 psychspace.com[v]R)ID{~ ~ d
Costs, Utilities, and Institutional Review Boards心理学书籍 psychspace.comp&lT/nm
Scientifi c and Societal Responsibilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com*o3~5qHK[
PART II OPERATIONALIZATION AND MEASUREMENT OF DEPENDENT VARIABLES心理学书籍 psychspace.com a3k;U)r_A0V
Chapter Reliability and Validity of Measurements心理学书籍 psychspace.com8Vrv{j ];z
Random and Systematic Error
@qr!^x G0Assessing Stability and Equivalence心理学书籍 psychspace.com1K8kZl|#|
Internal-Consistency Reliability and Spearman-Brown心理学书籍 psychspace.com;?bt B6q.Sn&w
KR20 and Cronbach’s Alpha心理学书籍 psychspace.comC.e*|{B[X
Effective Reliability of Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.comD a(nK&yt^:q
Effective Cost of Judges
}(X!W BU#~j$|!z[#t0Effective Cost of Items心理学书籍 psychspace.com7b hIgM"z
Interrater Agreement and Reliability
I/k|pbB*t0Cohen’s Kappa心理学书籍 psychspace.com%\QJn ]4h
Replication in Research
7[$\9v!g9Z|&W(g.b0Validity Criteria in Assessment
)Q7xwmO;KSj)j j0Convergent and Discriminant Validity心理学书籍 psychspace.comAj7h;FmwO B
Test Validity, Practical Utility, and the Taylor-Russell Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comJqHemu/F
Relationship of Validity to Reliability
\{!e [:D'a&P0Chapter Observations, Judgments, and Composite Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com8t&JQ4m:{ e#t
Observing, Classifying, and Evaluating心理学书籍 psychspace.com[I)u\6JO w
Observing While Participating
%M jJvI|*fot,Q;Kl0Maximizing Credibility and Serendipity
-J XDjg#MT9\ Q7[0Organizing and Sense-Making in Ethnographic Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com"B_9nNt2YUJ
Interpreter and Observer Biases
)m1^8\&oQC&d#DU\'P0Unobtrusive Observations and Nonreactive Measurements心理学书籍 psychspace.comMG k3C5uO)c6B d
Selecting the Most Appropriate Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.com)hTk3Sx^W1Fr
Choosing the Number of Response Alternatives心理学书籍 psychspace.com,HH'~[w#D
Effects of Guessing and Omissions on Accuracy心理学书籍 psychspace.com(zEWF,Tt$K8bJ0_6o
Intrinsic Factors and the Level of Accuracy
G2t+cu[{0Applications of Categorical Judgments心理学书籍 psychspace.com'V {h%]Vpyn
Category Scales and Rating Scales心理学书籍 psychspace.com6F`O4Y8A ^A,A sL
Numerical, Graphic, and Magnitude Ratings心理学书籍 psychspace.com5n-U8m'I9N$H#VZ%st
Rating Biases and Their Control
"g*kSF1f4H0e-n0Bipolar Versus Unipolar Scales
i~pC5Y*X0Forming Composite Variables
AcLz"z/^0i3x;X2TXW%`0Forming Multiple Composites心理学书籍 psychspace.com [3]{&G]7W/E |'}f o
Quantifying the Clarity of Composites
cEJ6@ ta5H0Chapter Questionnaires, Interviews, and Diaries心理学书籍 psychspace.com/ND^d9_*O0Fh q#j3v
Concerns About Self-Report Data
-XnG4V,m0q)OPv0Open-Ended Versus Structured Items
|1K1yM[l!R_8tW-otI0Critical Incident Technique
$Zgg6nm$? k y@/u0Stages in Developing Interview Protocols
)K(Pn&T4?"Vpyc Y0Research Interviews by Telephone
I5k9iZ/oV0Developing Research Questionnaires心理学书籍 psychspace.comJo4w,b3K ~+G8e'r
Defensiveness, Inconsistency, and Yea-Saying心理学书籍 psychspace.comE(HxhmR#EVv
Cross-Cultural Questionnaire and Interview Research
wjwpN0One-Dimensional and Multidimensional Attitude Scales心理学书籍 psychspace.comV YG*tU
Semantic Differentials for Attitudinal Meaning
:?~W-g:PS0Q-Sorts for Subjectivity Ratings心理学书籍 psychspace.com } ZZ.Fk5y
Likert Method of Item Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.comPjGFv}NR)M}:yF
Thurstone Equal-Appearing Intervals Method心理学书籍 psychspace.comyu6]bj1p,eL9j
Memory and the Use of Self-Recorded Diaries
"KgF9L+FCm0PART III THE LOGIC OF RESEARCH DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.com(Fi6}!g&D"x:@9P3^
Chapter Randomized Controlled Experiments and Causal Inference心理学书籍 psychspace.comqE R%X/?*[4u
Experimentation in Science
mvUW/~h]0Randomized Experimental Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com1f9{C^]WJ3U$C
Characteristics of Randomization心理学书籍 psychspace.comx%b^dpOm#}7`/S(y
The Philosophical Puzzle of Causality
gZML%r(E0Contiguity, Priority, and Constant Conjunction心理学书籍 psychspace.comy$g;f i K&|-`#[3U
Four Types of Experimental Control
,D(]Up,HF^}[J8T0Mill’s Methods of Agreement and Difference
C9u.lG:u#BY{0Between-Group Designs and Mill’s Joint Method心理学书籍 psychspace.comRMa0G#Q
Independent, Dependent, and Moderator Variables
vu5j toaI@/X0Solomon’s Extended Control Group Design心理学书籍 psychspace.com~0_`l]i8QO$D
Threats to Internal Validity
8R1o@d%`vb7T4O7o0Threats to External Validity
U;_;BTg!a9Hj-o0Statistical Conclusion and Construct Validity
Pf!h.{,[ BR-H^0Subject and Experimenter Artifacts心理学书籍 psychspace.com:g0T"r"Q@
Demand Characteristics and Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.comy7y;c9Mx
Interactional Experimenter Effects心理学书籍 psychspace.comy\"P Lw ?
Experimenter Expectancy Effects and心理学书籍 psychspace.comI3p(v%k X*QR}6w4^l
Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.com%K e@.Dq:^a
Concluding Commentary心理学书籍 psychspace.comk;t@6A7O4Mya&b
Chapter Nonrandomized Research and Functional Relationships
;Ual!_HiF;D0Nonrandomized and Quasi-Experimental Studies
$[;J$I_.p-e#J0Nonequivalent Groups and Historical Controls心理学书籍 psychspace.comBZ;ZoX's ^0M
Interrupted Time Series and the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average心理学书籍 psychspace.comf?b6RF1I0kkSa
Single-Case Experimental Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.comU]J _$f
Cross-Lagged Correlational Designs
%xM)M_\0Invisible Variables and the Mediation Problem心理学书籍 psychspace.com*@/I cW |/z.rFX
Path Analysis and Causal Inference心理学书籍 psychspace.com-[1er0I,e
The Cohort in Longitudinal Research心理学书籍 psychspace.comc:GH.I&PU
Different Forms of Cohort Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.comEGt+t-I]E
Subclassifi cation on Propensity Scores
%MA)i0`]U5R B%{0Multiple Confounding Covariates心理学书籍 psychspace.comwH\ uG Pf
Chapter Randomly and Nonrandomly Selected Sampling Units心理学书籍 psychspace.com9|&A:?ef5O
Sampling a Small Part of the Whole
{)jg0y*xzrHF3d2F0Bias and Instability in Surveys
&u(l;N$pA0Simple Random-Sampling Plans
Z IH1j#lR0Improving Accuracy in Random Sampling心理学书籍 psychspace.comr O w5\;|+K
Confi dence Intervals for Population Estimates
Kwu2cb#S/y:M[0Speaking of Confi dence Intervals心理学书籍 psychspace.com?"o$xo-[
Other Selection Procedures
n{rQa|0Nonresponse Bias and Its Control
:X]7NiW `0Studying the Volunteer Subject心理学书籍 psychspace.com Y0}~ gzs?
Characteristics of the Volunteer Subject心理学书籍 psychspace.comk(y ar;]]
Implications for the Interpretation of心理学书籍 psychspace.com4s*}JoSK
Research Findings
K4i4U/};H;kaV0Situational Correlates and the Reduction of心理学书籍 psychspace.comAIm?%QGq9D
Volunteer Bias心理学书籍 psychspace.com0EbD$@&e&WV A
The Problem of Missing Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com`K,v5e4@V8m@
Procedures for Dealing With Missing Data
H}ld,N!L`;Ms0PART IV FUNDAMENTALS OF DATA ANALYSIS
3G&\3NmQ"PyQ*_+P}0Chapter Describing, Displaying, and Exploring Data
N6A0LU#U3J)\%d+m+XI0Descriptions of Sampling Units心理学书籍 psychspace.com1IFb ?eG
Frequency Diagrams and Stem-and-Leaf Displays心理学书籍 psychspace.comlBP4^i P.i t/w
Box Plots心理学书籍 psychspace.com*O3I1G]E)] Y @:e$~
Comparing Distributions Back to Back
U ?4qu2Z#RE0Measures of Central Tendency
*~)o0hb)S/e9M _(I!E0Measures of Spread
RsRTL0The Normal Distribution
'wF1RV I.F0Standard Scores
!H WQK3A-A0Data Not Distributed Normally心理学书籍 psychspace.com0m0Ov-d#Gt~,lw/B
Precision of Estimating Population Means
k1g4L s3X ?9h#gP(_*`b0Defi ning Outliers心理学书籍 psychspace.comt)KX*e Ov
Coping With Outliers
X#J([0_6tM:_a0Exploring the Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com+B3J(za.~TL$l
Chapter Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.comS B5v ^L5@
Pearson r心理学书籍 psychspace.com*F;`u0[ _
Proportion of Variance Interpretation of Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.comN,IT/KAZTY
Binomial Effect-Size Display心理学书籍 psychspace.com?6n VP R
Confi dence Intervals for Effect-Size Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.comq+^ UR[5]b g3RB
Small Correlations, But Important Effects心理学书籍 psychspace.comj.o^s'PT.^ q0pW9s
Counternull Values of Effect Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.comV yD!dy
Spearman Rank Correlation
_ m7J^'\jO0Ranks as a Transformation心理学书籍 psychspace.comy0c'V J9`|
Observations of Disproportionate Infl uence
$O5t;q,qv-r0Point-Biserial Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.comgM4xk'z _-w6~4g
Exact Tests for Rho心理学书籍 psychspace.com;br:\2b+yC'c_
Phi Coeffi cient心理学书籍 psychspace.comik AUR[
Curvilinear (Quadratic) Correlation
*J&~,j e;PA0Five Product-Moment Correlations
ZE'O6lLm0Comparing Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.com&\%P-_hj9}|Z#u/u*{
Considering Third Variables
7@ _A5a M,y(O0Effects of Variability on Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.comI$`$lF3b"d*s}
Chapter Statistical Power and Effect Size Revisited
7|2\n Vl{ St(f0Why Assess Statistical Power?
Qv:z}F j0The Neglect of Statistical Power心理学书籍 psychspace.com2CeU;K}B-v,x
The requivalent Statistic
xY7V8xL.zZ5bh9W%v0Cohen’s Multipurpose Power Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com9}X@0Y^0Z:V
The t Test for Comparing Two Means心理学书籍 psychspace.com9ai._?X Zc%Os%W
The Signifi cance of a Product-Moment r
&x-Hg&U"|"O8| o0Differences Between Correlation Coeffi cients
Fu?4?+h%c0The Test That a Proportion is .50
0]0S3k%`{#{)Gm0The Difference Between Proportions
d!d7b-K]+C0?5d0The Focused Chi-Square Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com6MV(]}6fgqL _+R*G
F Tests for Focused Comparisons
#@d2M4\ \0Additional Strategies for Improving Power
HjWM ] V @0PART V ONE-WAY DESIGNS
h c ?AQ0Chapter Comparing Means by Standard t Tests
y7C,d {1G"ln0Gosset and the t Test心理学书籍 psychspace.comjfI[ L6P p}
Two Components of t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.comL`cx@$x0lOw7P
Maximizing t心理学书籍 psychspace.com,o2_2p%E5C1L5yfO5m
Effect Sizes and Adjustments for Unequal Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.comh"g'Ba |%w
Interpreting the Independent Sample t
1\`K1NN@W [ a0Computing the Independent Sample t
D!Wb3g#U A6}wg0Reporting the Results
2~t#hD7z3u0t Tests for Nonindependent Samples
ef,O(`U#X"i0Effect Size and Study Size Components of Nonindependent Sample t心理学书籍 psychspace.com6SO?A5kH1C"n
Assumptions Underlying t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.com/up'X!a&d
Nonparametric Procedures心理学书籍 psychspace.comA @8p'q:t"I
The Bootstrap, the Jackknife, and Permutation Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.comfT%? l$rKU4y
Chapter Analysis of Variance and the F Test心理学书籍 psychspace.comy?j'LdDZml
The F Test and the t Test心理学书籍 psychspace.comb H }2A6j6w1fS
The Analysis of “Variances”
/Q[`I"p+ZJfU0Illustration of an Omnibus F
(~)Fz|8Pe%YU2I0Dividing Up the Total Variance
Ew EO_!q7|,n(| [B0ANOVA Summary Tables
w1dW5i;T+`0Distributions of F心理学书籍 psychspace.com#CA0|H[&H!U%z`
After the Omnibus F
]l1V!r~0Protecting Against “Too Many t Tests”
"Q%w a,|K(n0Bonferroni Procedures
C,|-l ^AW0Bonferroni Tolerance Value心理学书籍 psychspace.com+H.C*XSY+o
Comparing Two Independent Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com*A/N i"APQe$_7S&w v
Illustration Using Transformations心理学书籍 psychspace.com2u3\J wDM8hS f8C
Comparing Two Correlated Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.comS!^|d"Z"ZV
Comparing Three or More Independent Variabilities
4UZ8f yH`z0Comparing Three or More Correlated Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com*`u,wJJ~H6b
Summary of Procedures for Comparing Variabilities
{e%^y*ko&^CWm0Chapter One-Way Contrast Analyses心理学书籍 psychspace.com~.q|7K}cN6z'JF
Focusing Our Questions and Statistical Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.comW9c;L(C@Z_G0H~ F
Contrast F Tests on Original Data
Vcz1C |0Contrast t Tests on Original Data Carving Contrasts Out of Published Data
6p-^BTd0Orthogonal Contrasts
iic.[N{)@0Nonorthogonal Contrasts
'rG"MGL#@~:n0Effect Size Indices for Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com5m@AK!z&S
The BESD and the Binomial Effect-Size Correlation
*["e6B ai0B0Overview of the Four Effect-Size Indices
S1K7tvZh/Z0Comparing Competing Contrasts
T5R0G5K;a[0Combining Competing Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com0oS+e7|@2r
Optimal Design and the Allocation of Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.comX6`l$U6Gs%p[}0N
PART VI FACTORIAL DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.com:u ?5FC&T9F
Chapter Factorial Analysis of Variance
#Q2s _5f'BV9y(@ c0Confronting Persistent Misunderstandings心理学书籍 psychspace.com"zwK$leL.H(d O
An Economy of Design
I.}0Gdp!@5p.C)J0Effects and the Structure of ANOVA
#q X%Ae,cj.I~+\0Individual Differences as Error心理学书籍 psychspace.com/y|'ox4|)m
The Table of Variance
9_R+lw.L~*S0Testing the Grand Mean by t and F
y;u bbx!|0Unweighted Means Analysis for Equal or Unequal Sample Sizes
F$RF;VR0Effects on F of Unequal Sample Sizes
H:k/F^jkb0Unequal Sample Sizes and Contrasts
)c%Wt-Y!ZE4T#a0Transcending Factorial Structure Using Contrasts
T7f0G Tdu&T7n:K0Higher Order Factorial Designs
#U jS;j)Ilbxy0Blocking and the Increase of Power心理学书籍 psychspace.comB*Pj1|J%yfq
Blocking and the Analysis of Covariance
?2Z| J8b3Z/z ^1i0Transforming Data to Remove Interactions
#E-s:J4W{u?3F O0Chapter Interaction Effects in Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com-|8D[h3\O
The Interpretation of Interaction
kF4YfF8qm0Crossed and Uncrossed Combinations of Group Means
^u"Mt9]2{m9A0Illustration of Mean Polishing
wZ-H4p k~$P$j&^4|0Constructing Tables of Predicted Means
R9T3O)bRG a6y6d0Studying Interactions in Two-Way Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comC"IsQ7[2|
Three-Way Factorial Designs
5XqGG H jE0Defi ning Three-Way Interactions
{JC8pN#S ?0Further Notes on Interpretation
-}8C+\+@ _-L!s0Simplifying Complex Tables of Residuals
0|y7eu^^0Illustration of a Five-Way Interaction心理学书籍 psychspace.com-Y1s(a-`_]a
A Note on Complexity心理学书籍 psychspace.com9A6E5uk|7X(x
Chapter Repeated Measures in Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com$ZFYZsO(jL(p
Use of Repeated Observations心理学书籍 psychspace.com oq SZl/d0O}6}0n
Basic Computations心理学书籍 psychspace.comE5Kn[~[/i
Fixed and Random Effects Error Terms in the Four Basic Combinations心理学书籍 psychspace.com |dX uA;H4^
Latin Squares and Counterbalancing心理学书籍 psychspace.com2lJ5OH-Rh){'d{
Analysis of Latin Squares
/Wh)r$e8~&P y s0Some Latin Squares May Be Better Than Others心理学书籍 psychspace.com*[{ }g _5QR H
Other Counterbalancing Designs
6TR]%Z,hC5x0Three or More Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com*v2fd ~)E6|5c
Two Within-Subjects Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com3z(w']k8`3n&B
Aggregating Error Terms
}w1puK j(@0Three Within-Subjects Factors
:zfns,Y f&}F|0Fixed or Random Factors
f hy\+Uoy0Did Repeated Measures Help?
3e*p^u)w*P?k0The Intraclass r Revisited
1lx _a9FYZv'DR0Composite Variables and Additional Assumptions心理学书籍 psychspace.coms8E3[,?6j0If S
Contrasts in Repeated Measures心理学书籍 psychspace.com8m3m7f2S N&d
Hierarchically Nested Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.comw6hQ![Rb.M
The Choice of Error Terms心理学书籍 psychspace.comAOgA bf_Q@3b
PART VII ADDITIONAL TOPICS IN DATA ANALYSIS
5yp%S2@4^ Q-O0Chapter Significance Testing and Association in Tables of Counts心理学书籍 psychspace.com6|kS!dp f|8TUK
Table Analysis and Chi-Square
Ju:x&S+SZ3e0The - df Chi-Square Test
Y5U8in/d+f0Larger Tables of Counts
#k)cru'F$Mf0Distributions of Chi-Square
.n'tG9|ny3Y8{2E0Procedures for Larger Contingency Tables
[SF!j cs/\0Subdividing Tables to Test Specifi c Hypotheses
&o8v1dVI!U ~~0Fisher Exact Probability Test心理学书籍 psychspace.comU&a)F~e)C
Strengthening the Fisher Exact Test心理学书籍 psychspace.comxADAj,N
Adjustments for in _ Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comP8y+fFV1V'T7I
Complete Partitioning of Larger Tables
(P eM1c'oA&l0The Corner-Cells Test Subtable心理学书籍 psychspace.comD sc4grd_
Contrasts in Proportions
D)L tsGRU$za2o0Alternative Analyses for Smaller Sample Studies
k!S La BG-ulW0Standardizing Row and Column Totals心理学书籍 psychspace.comIlN9kA*JB-H
Odds Ratio, Relative Risk, Risk Difference, and Phi心理学书籍 psychspace.com mV:X"os7ea
One-Sample Tables of Counts心理学书籍 psychspace.com7x HT-n T
Multiple-Choice-Type Data and the Proportion Index心理学书籍 psychspace.com W S#t&~,UO[$~
Chapter Multivariate Data Analysis
S6hdH}V0~ k0Background
'rJ[ \'[ ^(Y0Redescribing Relationships Within Sets of Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com,`gh~`a$k `
Cluster Analysis for Redescription
vm[.E!U+H@:J0Principal Components Analysis for Redescription
@`!|H2R6l?0ros31960_ Improving Interpretation by Rotation心理学书籍 psychspace.com2f4V q[2v7C"z(C4G
Psychometric Applications of Principal Components Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ4|,EE5S K8[c?8m
Alternatives for the Redescription of Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.comP.RqP5UP.R'r
Multidimensional Scaling Illustration心理学书籍 psychspace.com:QV&VF(Y1T.sR-[
Relationships Among Sets of Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.comOY?KbD}
Chapter Meta-Analysis: Comparing and Combining Research Results
snA0Be+J1|0Statistical Analysis of Statistical Analyses心理学书籍 psychspace.com&`L,K4}%H e$v0] N6Q0P
Criticisms of Meta-Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.com2K*t)E T w"K&mp4]
Interpreting Two or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com7S5iB8Jn8wb
Comparing Two Signifi cance Levels心理学书籍 psychspace.com?8d%Wei moL%M
Comparing Two Effect-Size Correlations
2A c^7l$ij R0Combining Two Signifi cance Levels心理学书籍 psychspace.com*o$Z{%{C'Us8`0@*Z
Combining Two Effect-Size Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.com teb*JkFdh M7S
Overall Comparisons of Three or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com6aIMlp1A/S$B
Focused Comparisons of Three or More Studies
e R_(Oq+DF3}NC0Combining Three or More p Levels
7JAML'mq0Combining Three or More Effect-Size Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.comm,v!q_Ri;~Z-}
Results That Are Not Independent
.})@|R q8my}0The File Drawer Problem
%b o,u%b@+S"_)\ UAC0An Eye to Variability
.@ NS3Z_W'[C0PART VIII APPENDIXES心理学书籍 psychspace.comgvE0?(b@E&Ic*W
A List of Numbered Equations
%A}5UL+z1PQ;J A0B Statistical Tables
+^.]5@_;YEFVB0Glossary心理学书籍 psychspace.comCH:J"}K8L9G[)Cq
References
#w_A%e2Ko,V0Subject Index心理学书籍 psychspace.com3WKw3|w4HKR!r#W
Name Index
(D;u0`5f3w0 心理学书籍 psychspace.com1`S o0u @9BN

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯