心理学书籍 » 行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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}+P ]PJ0行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是一本经典的高级研究方法教材。两位作者分别用几十年的时间从事心理学教学和研究工作,其研究重心又集中在心理学研究方法和数据分析方面。他们在这方面进行了深入钻研和分析,并结出了丰硕的成果,共同合作出版了多本关于研究方法和数据分析的著作。

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析(第3版,英文注释版)(精装)

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作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯诺
"N!l3Y0|:N7Pr0出版:人民邮电出版社 2012-1心理学书籍 psychspace.com2D&SEW8^F(u
开本:小16开心理学书籍 psychspace.com"DyAZ2k
装帧:精装心理学书籍 psychspace.comc*f*B9}3P"@SE
字数:950千字
y|5MDM#U+Vg0页数:842页
D.t%Vy[IM1H0ISBN:9787115269874
w2b/{I7[z b&X!h0定价:158.00心理学书籍 psychspace.com{!c+~*l8D+M n-`
原名:Essentials of Behavioral Research: Methods and Data Analysis

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内容简介

/M`T scE-e0GF0  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》这本著作的前半部分着重于研究方法的论述,涉及基础概念和基本伦理、因变量的操作和测量以及研究设计的逻辑;后半部分着重于描述高级统计过程,包括四个部分:数据分析基础、单因素设计、因素设计以及数据分析的其他问题。附录中还包括书中用到的公式、常用统计图表、术语及参考文献。

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  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是心理学、社会学、人类学、传播学、教育学、商学、统计学、市场营销学等多个学科领域的教师、学者和学生从事教学和研究工作所必备的一本工具书。

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作者简介

Sh6D-C$M#?0 Robert Rosenthal is Distinguished Professor at the University of California at Riverside and Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, Harvard University. His research has centered for some 50 years on the role of the self-fulfi lling prophecy in everyday life and in laboratory situations. Special interests include the effects of teachers’ expectations on students’performance, the effects of experimenters’expectations on the results of their research, and the effects of clinicians’expectations on their patients’mental and physical health. He also has strong interests in sources of artifact in behavioral research and in various quantitative procedures. In the realm of data analysis, his special interests are in experimental design and analysis, contrast analysis, and meta-analysis. His most recent books and articles are about these areas of data analysis and about the nature of nonverbal communication in teacher-student, doctorpatient, manager-employee, judge-jury, and psychotherapist-client interaction. He has been Co-Chair of the Task Force on Statistical Inference of the American Psychological Association and has served as Chair of the Research Committee of the Bayer Institute for Health Care Communication. He was a co-recipient of two behavioral science awards of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1960,1993) and recipient of the James McKeen Cattell Award of the American Psychological Society, the Distinguished Scientist Award of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, the Samuel J. Messick Distinguished Scientifi c Contributions Award of the APA’s Division 5—Evaluation, Measurement, and Statistics, and the APA’s Distinguished Scientifi c Award for Applications of Psychology.
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L;S3`C d;r(N S;d0Ralph L. Rosnow is Thaddeus Bolton Professor Emeritus at Temple University, where he taught for 34 years and directed the graduate program in social and organizational psychology. He has also taught research methods at Boston University and Harvard University and does consulting on research and data analysis. The overarching theme of his scholarly work concerns how people make sense of, and impose meaning on,their experiential world, called the “will to meaning” by Viktor Frankl. Rosnow has explored aspects of this construct in research and theory within the framework of contextualism, the psychology of rumor and gossip, attitude and social cognition, the structure of interpersonal acumen, artifacts and ethical dilemmas in human research,and the statistical justifi cation of scientifi c conclusions. He has authored and coauthored many articles and books on these topics and, with Mimi Rosnow, coauthored Writing Papers in Psychology, a popular writing manual now in its seventh edition (published by Thomson Wadsworth, 2006). He has served on the editorial boards of journals and encyclopedias, was coeditor (with R. E. Lana) of the Reconstruction of Society Series published by Oxford University Press, and chaired the APA’s Committee on Standards in Research. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the APA, and the Association for Psychological Science, received the Society of General Psychology’s George A. Miller Award, and was recently honored with a Festschrift book edited by D. A. Hantula, Advances in Social and Organizational Psychology
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Rosenthal and Rosnow have also collaborated on other books on research methods and data analysis, including Artifact in Behavioral Research (Academic Press, 1969);The Volunteer Subject (Wiley, 1975); Primer of Methods for the Behavioral Sciences(Wiley, 1975); Understanding Behavioral Science: Research Methods for Research Consumers (McGraw-Hill, 1984); Contrast Analysis: Focused Comparisons in the Analysis of Variance (Cambridge University Press, 1985); People Studying People: Artifacts and Ethics in Behavioral Research (W. H. Freeman, 1997); (with D. B. Rubin)Contrasts and Effect Sizes in Behavioral Research: A Correlational Approach (Cambridge University Press, 2000); and Beginning Behavioral Research: A Conceptual
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目录

B5]8j;A*Z-P0第一编 概念与伦理基础心理学书籍 psychspace.comrjw2yZ(c e;l
第1章 行为研究的精神
8~F?uM~rQ0第2章 探索与辩护的环境
,geS'I.R^0A+Q,k"z0第3章 伦理问题、道德两难问题与指导方针
(Ftu WY0第二编 因变量的可操作化和可测量化
6[s?pk_1j2u;p0第4章 测量信度和效度
eE*^f:q%c-M0第5章 观察、判断和复合变量
NY3B$i1^0第6章 问卷法、访谈法和日志法心理学书籍 psychspace.com#I R%]R'Q9i
第三编 研究设计的逻辑心理学书籍 psychspace.com/z QV.?b$H8v
第7章 随机控制的实验和因果推论
'q;hT%}qGw}0第8章 非随机化研究与函数关系
kx x_/p;l)`0第9章 随机与非随机抽取样本心理学书籍 psychspace.com h@3K%n+s2b4~.P0Q
第四编 数据分析的基本原理
Z*vUz(]Cpp0第10章 描述、展示以及探究数据
_nJAZHht0第11章 相关关系心理学书籍 psychspace.com:dQam}p
第12章 统计检验力与效应值
ZI3f.`N$G!f4R0第五编 单因素设计心理学书籍 psychspace.com m:E`9O6OZ+XdR2e
第13章 用t 检验比较均值
i%UY#R'oUw0第14章 方差分析与F 检验心理学书籍 psychspace.com4S@+@CU?sYt
第15章 单因素对比分析
| Vm;{^ f8_.|0第六编 因素设计
W(N6F @8] kIt^*a[0第16章 多因素方差分析心理学书籍 psychspace.comq H$U2t*C l'~O7~
第17章 方差分析中的交互作用心理学书籍 psychspace.com1cq/Hb!m+eu4V
第18章 重复测量方差分析心理学书籍 psychspace.comI"g6|v@
第七编 数据分析的补充问题心理学书籍 psychspace.comln[Lp8j,t](V
第19章 显著性检验和列联表分析心理学书籍 psychspace.comaw jnD%{9RZ2W-C
第20章 多元数据分析
7l]!t'qUW#A G H,|0第21章 元分析:研究结果的比较和综合心理学书籍 psychspace.com-A9D.b,~.@ @2`
第八编 附录
[,Q}h:iM0详细目录
7c k6H(Wg$r,x:F0PART I CONCEPTUAL AND ETHICAL FOUNDATIONS
r-[-y9DR8t[P1w@0Chapter The Spirit of Behavioral Research
QrGj G[0Science and the Search for Knowledge
9N6` Q-fZY0What Do Behavioral Researchers Really Know?
bdQ5PlQQ*g n0Social Constructionism心理学书籍 psychspace.com@z"XazF9[A3S
Contextualism/Perspectivism心理学书籍 psychspace.com+LV8u1VuN}$j
Evolutionary Epistemology心理学书籍 psychspace.com4VD4\Nq{'L
Peirce’s Four Ways of Knowing心理学书籍 psychspace.com iIr'O ?9f5P
Rhetoric, Perceptibility, and Aesthetics心理学书籍 psychspace.com x4[ [y4Jy+F
Limitations of the Four Supports of Conviction心理学书籍 psychspace.coml)?4p _x
Behavioral Research Defi ned心理学书籍 psychspace.com6@2|`v$zo@2zG
Three Broad Research Orientations
E0l/_;_$Wr0The Descriptive Research Orientation心理学书籍 psychspace.comq.fn.c!O"{
The Relational Research Orientation心理学书籍 psychspace.comi8dQLZ\`-w y
The Experimental Research Orientation
ewF)F8|'Y0Empirical Principles as Probabilistic Assertions心理学书籍 psychspace.com'apTXG.CbK+p
Orienting Habits of Good Scientifi c Practice
?^8E(kO3k:] R0Chapter Contexts of Discovery and Justifi cation
K,ZV;P5w&C0Inspiration and Explanation心理学书籍 psychspace.comf$IX3FA
Theories and Hypotheses
N_ E Kdj @0Sources of Inspiration and Insight
zT5f \_0Serendipity in Behavioral Research
6yq^wfUy~0Molding Ideas Into Working Hypotheses
G&M]8x Y6vQX V0j0Positivism, Falsifi cationism, and Conventionalism心理学书籍 psychspace.comhE'uvY)s
Type I and Type II Decision Errors
D+g[e4l|0R0Statistical Signifi cance and the Effect Size心理学书籍 psychspace.com-_/G p"O6Pu
Two Families of Effect Sizes
5\(S/^f/} }zD+?0Interval Estimates Around Effect Sizes
T N9j!c2?#?0Summing Up心理学书籍 psychspace.comt | jnUu5R0G4F
Chapter Ethical Considerations, Dilemmas,and Guidelines心理学书籍 psychspace.com$Y9udR/dH,P~
Puzzles and Problems心理学书籍 psychspace.come$KjJk1SE
A Delicate Balancing Act
od;l@2rWG2m0Historical Context of the American Psychological Association Code心理学书籍 psychspace.com b g7t4[2`p.a1t#VP
The Belmont Report, Federal Regulations, and the Institutional心理学书籍 psychspace.comtys(Hd~L)OJ2f
Review Board心理学书籍 psychspace.comNl FY!C
Principle I: Respect for Persons and Their Autonomy心理学书籍 psychspace.com vIiC%F?B
Principle II: Benefi cence and Nonmalefi cence
z!T p5yo2K]0Principle III: Justice心理学书籍 psychspace.coml+V*[V1z0m
Principle IV: Trust
a+N(h+rs?9`ot7k0Principle V: Fidelity and Scientifi c Integrity
P.J@q0A~/c,}Pl ?l'x0Costs, Utilities, and Institutional Review Boards心理学书籍 psychspace.com'J8t*\[ t
Scientifi c and Societal Responsibilities
?4gG7HT$_.}!bZh,|0PART II OPERATIONALIZATION AND MEASUREMENT OF DEPENDENT VARIABLES心理学书籍 psychspace.com&Bj;l/s"F u#F^
Chapter Reliability and Validity of Measurements
+[8Z"LR2v]oz.G ^0Random and Systematic Error心理学书籍 psychspace.com{#k@-f$V2pC^M
Assessing Stability and Equivalence
&TZ P@ty.z|0Internal-Consistency Reliability and Spearman-Brown心理学书籍 psychspace.com,e%~ nm/Y|~,N*A
KR20 and Cronbach’s Alpha
\_9[*bx0Effective Reliability of Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.comU-Q\9?s
Effective Cost of Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.comM Ux }*v A:J0DD)c
Effective Cost of Items心理学书籍 psychspace.com\pQ#XoV
Interrater Agreement and Reliability
Tmo)p {5K$m(E0Cohen’s Kappa心理学书籍 psychspace.com gN+Vh ?9L
Replication in Research
+g"s$}8o-nw^0Validity Criteria in Assessment
w.}0s1f0q-Y3fWM:J7T H+r0Convergent and Discriminant Validity
yy+F5v`] @0Test Validity, Practical Utility, and the Taylor-Russell Tables
`N5UQ1J8PXf0Relationship of Validity to Reliability
)dz.u5h;dZU-V0Chapter Observations, Judgments, and Composite Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.comw)k},oX
Observing, Classifying, and Evaluating心理学书籍 psychspace.comp-F-q CJV2~
Observing While Participating心理学书籍 psychspace.comj&x sTp'Z[L @
Maximizing Credibility and Serendipity
%n*f+w1i!Sdk2T0Organizing and Sense-Making in Ethnographic Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com Q0o2P)KP x;][IZ
Interpreter and Observer Biases心理学书籍 psychspace.com0aQ0~"z[
Unobtrusive Observations and Nonreactive Measurements
S'A7~r|l/u0Selecting the Most Appropriate Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.comH1s#YqEo1Vx/c
Choosing the Number of Response Alternatives
#TNgT3Z0Effects of Guessing and Omissions on Accuracy心理学书籍 psychspace.com1u/HQL.\cu A/_ L
Intrinsic Factors and the Level of Accuracy
o%k2R*UL6eZ)T^0Applications of Categorical Judgments心理学书籍 psychspace.comg BTb:w2p
Category Scales and Rating Scales心理学书籍 psychspace.comy7}P1GKx9L
Numerical, Graphic, and Magnitude Ratings
8H#_V} ]#V!if+i0Rating Biases and Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.comgIAvF.LeZ
Bipolar Versus Unipolar Scales心理学书籍 psychspace.com {w*MR1b7Z.f$o4{,I1`~
Forming Composite Variables
"G*K6e w8rk%bN0}0Forming Multiple Composites心理学书籍 psychspace.com@ J#s.? v"M Jgy
Quantifying the Clarity of Composites心理学书籍 psychspace.com#Ti4o hb@R
Chapter Questionnaires, Interviews, and Diaries心理学书籍 psychspace.com D{8KA['p
Concerns About Self-Report Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com8u fj~ K2R
Open-Ended Versus Structured Items
!v;c} u8\2ex0Critical Incident Technique心理学书籍 psychspace.com\7P ck8A @%c#C1Z
Stages in Developing Interview Protocols
9o2`/l(cVfj-w0Research Interviews by Telephone
/[,X7^_0{3a.u0Developing Research Questionnaires
tjA(rC4OY)m0Defensiveness, Inconsistency, and Yea-Saying心理学书籍 psychspace.com(A V#cS:nU!Lv f
Cross-Cultural Questionnaire and Interview Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com0KMo"uV*\e
One-Dimensional and Multidimensional Attitude Scales心理学书籍 psychspace.com!zmO6~,OYz
Semantic Differentials for Attitudinal Meaning
F\Cy F0Q-Sorts for Subjectivity Ratings
$P"B+TKXq3b2SehK0Likert Method of Item Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.coml]p;m"Lt
Thurstone Equal-Appearing Intervals Method
3N#Cb0Kuc0Memory and the Use of Self-Recorded Diaries心理学书籍 psychspace.com hP(YEK
PART III THE LOGIC OF RESEARCH DESIGNS
:q+^W4R:Y1e6~ t0Chapter Randomized Controlled Experiments and Causal Inference心理学书籍 psychspace.com/|`+d'm0bB*H
Experimentation in Science心理学书籍 psychspace.com'f$BO:OB J1ks
Randomized Experimental Designs
0r7|$s#kJ/Qv9c0Characteristics of Randomization心理学书籍 psychspace.com)EU~0^ab
The Philosophical Puzzle of Causality心理学书籍 psychspace.comMy~`+L+P;n0@0Oi
Contiguity, Priority, and Constant Conjunction
H'hHF-P s0Four Types of Experimental Control心理学书籍 psychspace.comM3F7V8|9M~w
Mill’s Methods of Agreement and Difference
7zGw(p)eg0Between-Group Designs and Mill’s Joint Method
PB&T%Q LIo}0Independent, Dependent, and Moderator Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com8KnTgq&l'dA
Solomon’s Extended Control Group Design
"? zq \n*vh-`,{0Threats to Internal Validity
8Y2y.uD)`W/CGU0Threats to External Validity
Zu3s+z-o{ET0Statistical Conclusion and Construct Validity
3`og"?jN$xy |0Subject and Experimenter Artifacts
.IU?1b K{?)`0Demand Characteristics and Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.comsGT!l1} Un(YdM
Interactional Experimenter Effects心理学书籍 psychspace.comiO1ks}|*_bY:q
Experimenter Expectancy Effects and心理学书籍 psychspace.com;J(_ HW!W"K
Their Control
6A)KH+pk6c0Concluding Commentary心理学书籍 psychspace.com w#QY,[ r-o2V0S
Chapter Nonrandomized Research and Functional Relationships
7p CB[.{ U6] w0Nonrandomized and Quasi-Experimental Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com5b&vu @3tK+B&Uu3SI?
Nonequivalent Groups and Historical Controls心理学书籍 psychspace.com3{ h.X8cctZJ
Interrupted Time Series and the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average心理学书籍 psychspace.com5|5`?q4y?5G9T1c1L b
Single-Case Experimental Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.combb5|8Dg$`'^V&zW
Cross-Lagged Correlational Designs
lDJT!V0Invisible Variables and the Mediation Problem
x I+BB4Z7oK0Path Analysis and Causal Inference
4z&{#DL`YJ0The Cohort in Longitudinal Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com-G,o vv)[s yL
Different Forms of Cohort Studies
6j'A~mKOH`j0Subclassifi cation on Propensity Scores
)EH c]pW0Multiple Confounding Covariates
YF4CT{i0Chapter Randomly and Nonrandomly Selected Sampling Units心理学书籍 psychspace.com? u*O-QW4VV9t6w
Sampling a Small Part of the Whole心理学书籍 psychspace.com8IJ\7Zoec&H,B
Bias and Instability in Surveys
8^9h6y?$LS4e0Simple Random-Sampling Plans
-WbpjG0Improving Accuracy in Random Sampling
@:qt;j_@cr0Confi dence Intervals for Population Estimates
(G,xU\D.D&^0Speaking of Confi dence Intervals
xt`7w$\dC d0Other Selection Procedures心理学书籍 psychspace.comB^u9r)mJKQ8g
Nonresponse Bias and Its Control
uG0Lv"c lm0Studying the Volunteer Subject
/c] U+p8~0Characteristics of the Volunteer Subject
-E!zl-d4^o9`0Implications for the Interpretation of心理学书籍 psychspace.com Gz,DkQ^ ucZ)u ~S
Research Findings
O#{!zpc Q^0Situational Correlates and the Reduction of心理学书籍 psychspace.com(W0B(?2|%Ac
Volunteer Bias
^&V+C,|ss0The Problem of Missing Data心理学书籍 psychspace.comXY\?*s*z7h*R4r+n
Procedures for Dealing With Missing Data
JTE)|#H_1?h q0PART IV FUNDAMENTALS OF DATA ANALYSIS心理学书籍 psychspace.com#L0]-PGy'L.yT
Chapter Describing, Displaying, and Exploring Data
.t^]5oN HEC0Descriptions of Sampling Units
;A_h\X!T,Q Y8_(I0l4c"`0Frequency Diagrams and Stem-and-Leaf Displays
/cK oq"@b&I0Box Plots
!`0Tk"`P5e0Comparing Distributions Back to Back心理学书籍 psychspace.comH e#t F!UtQR
Measures of Central Tendency心理学书籍 psychspace.com%zTr~9Z$i
Measures of Spread心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ@5CE!CR
The Normal Distribution
/W:]F Ane%B~0Standard Scores
+w7KB[.a.J0Data Not Distributed Normally心理学书籍 psychspace.com pEREq2s
Precision of Estimating Population Means
8kA,D!lG,d8N/k0Defi ning Outliers心理学书籍 psychspace.com(h Gpj;B7Y
Coping With Outliers
q O]'N B%Z4m0Exploring the Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com/XR#q,Av+a8u
Chapter Correlation
Ww^bzL8b0Pearson r心理学书籍 psychspace.comh)t J\6b$M N6HMM
Proportion of Variance Interpretation of Correlation
\^\Q6j2N0Binomial Effect-Size Display
VXn @!Bs:Og9DG0Confi dence Intervals for Effect-Size Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.comiY1K,d;^
Small Correlations, But Important Effects
P)m4n%pR*`0Counternull Values of Effect Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.comB"pN?"Pac2X#vR
Spearman Rank Correlation
l,YAO8]Z0Ranks as a Transformation心理学书籍 psychspace.comd H f5t'V
Observations of Disproportionate Infl uence
^ LKJ;@+uy"Pm0Point-Biserial Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.comlzR/U_l5jZ
Exact Tests for Rho心理学书籍 psychspace.com9J V-~HHf5uQ_
Phi Coeffi cient心理学书籍 psychspace.com1OYl/D)k.U;ZE!G
Curvilinear (Quadratic) Correlation
L!Ce#{D4U"y`0Five Product-Moment Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.comF.jE(}XJ%U Vq [z
Comparing Correlations
X2Mp9Bbh(z(d0Considering Third Variables
0B/Dc,Zw4Ne0Effects of Variability on Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.com,Em5Ku1us
Chapter Statistical Power and Effect Size Revisited
8H(\ f\R yK o0Why Assess Statistical Power?
:G r l[5`v2U0The Neglect of Statistical Power心理学书籍 psychspace.com qcH4u!x(x kX
The requivalent Statistic心理学书籍 psychspace.com$DAO"\9~zp
Cohen’s Multipurpose Power Tables
1vT]k2C$lS0The t Test for Comparing Two Means心理学书籍 psychspace.comV8q#w b p_
The Signifi cance of a Product-Moment r
-@*ez z'E9HP'f5]V0Differences Between Correlation Coeffi cients
!eH"TLJE/MA;A0The Test That a Proportion is .50心理学书籍 psychspace.com U*c?O(d#S A%Q-T;X(vg
The Difference Between Proportions
:k$],K&iO"o0The Focused Chi-Square Test
B6\*e$y3})kA0F Tests for Focused Comparisons
%IiZ&Q ~(ny0Additional Strategies for Improving Power
!Jk} F9W^q0PART V ONE-WAY DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.com{%Ig8E;PC
Chapter Comparing Means by Standard t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.com(r@UcY6[e
Gosset and the t Test心理学书籍 psychspace.comBz H*E CJ
Two Components of t Tests
#N)qN;~Vk:F8v0Maximizing t心理学书籍 psychspace.com J%O;n(b B
Effect Sizes and Adjustments for Unequal Sample Sizes
#\(a1B!hUX^0Interpreting the Independent Sample t心理学书籍 psychspace.com~-k;Z"QxE#I
Computing the Independent Sample t
N8[/u/M-e4_[v5g IZ+D0Reporting the Results
F'o.k~&T2pr0t Tests for Nonindependent Samples心理学书籍 psychspace.com;k,a\Pc"}3WX\}
Effect Size and Study Size Components of Nonindependent Sample t心理学书籍 psychspace.comutm3p)p_v
Assumptions Underlying t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.com;Cv+@w}%m)uL#E2U"Ms
Nonparametric Procedures
GgV\C@-G LS0The Bootstrap, the Jackknife, and Permutation Tests
(i&Yq#D0Q?I Z0Chapter Analysis of Variance and the F Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com\uq&F(r)I
The F Test and the t Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com?*jq^ P`XfY/hU^
The Analysis of “Variances”心理学书籍 psychspace.com7ugPRo0V#I
Illustration of an Omnibus F
V~$d @;a`8b-`-A0Dividing Up the Total Variance
P cl;x#N\N"k"r0ANOVA Summary Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com jt M"Vr3v
Distributions of F
.}+|'UC3\ e_z?[ k0After the Omnibus F
&FP[-I@)\0Protecting Against “Too Many t Tests”心理学书籍 psychspace.comACA ]7gh
Bonferroni Procedures
E oL;d*b0Bonferroni Tolerance Value
l+E:X8S Q*U?0Comparing Two Independent Variabilities
kyJ)BsK2@*F0Illustration Using Transformations心理学书籍 psychspace.com/^ ~D&C6V i7P3t
Comparing Two Correlated Variabilities
X6s0G&Z2?T.Z(LCe0Comparing Three or More Independent Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com/HQ:gKF0KU2^&l
Comparing Three or More Correlated Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com`t)z.i"C,Q I9F6s
Summary of Procedures for Comparing Variabilities
:E~A&D|W T _T{0Chapter One-Way Contrast Analyses心理学书籍 psychspace.comMQ]!pw eX
Focusing Our Questions and Statistical Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.comLQY*}0O
Contrast F Tests on Original Data
1L*Ao/u%\;e_0Contrast t Tests on Original Data Carving Contrasts Out of Published Data
&zH A!Eahu m0Orthogonal Contrasts
%nH'gPrOT0Nonorthogonal Contrasts
C_#L.[X0Effect Size Indices for Contrasts
Ik&eqo*S+X/V$|"\0The BESD and the Binomial Effect-Size Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.com l+C f UAsR
Overview of the Four Effect-Size Indices心理学书籍 psychspace.com8g v HU\0n&N,Y
Comparing Competing Contrasts
;? J ^qY.BgP0Combining Competing Contrasts
5\Z9W&n1|zh0Optimal Design and the Allocation of Sample Sizes
,iK6w2Ww]0PART VI FACTORIAL DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.comk5Wj6C4hJ&E
Chapter Factorial Analysis of Variance
\%pU:WX*W b0Confronting Persistent Misunderstandings
8D/t ~!P \#W$qP{0An Economy of Design心理学书籍 psychspace.com:eb.xvin
Effects and the Structure of ANOVA心理学书籍 psychspace.comy!u-Hi(r `!\R
Individual Differences as Error
,c,S!S.eiSBA0The Table of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.coml#I2j)QTw&u
Testing the Grand Mean by t and F
k3ab3e1A SL:y+aZ0Unweighted Means Analysis for Equal or Unequal Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.comR!F.m;UK ^"w
Effects on F of Unequal Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.compqQ9nWy
Unequal Sample Sizes and Contrasts
7[sd_XS Gy0Transcending Factorial Structure Using Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com d4g5S9_#B)ROw p3gi
Higher Order Factorial Designs
`2}6g5|4}s;j2L0Blocking and the Increase of Power心理学书籍 psychspace.com/NM({9VMI%\ H,GU
Blocking and the Analysis of Covariance心理学书籍 psychspace.comw5I L/rG!fK
Transforming Data to Remove Interactions心理学书籍 psychspace.comR-L0_J7@"_
Chapter Interaction Effects in Analysis of Variance
_)cq WD*v r0The Interpretation of Interaction心理学书籍 psychspace.com t6~eveX|4C
Crossed and Uncrossed Combinations of Group Means
QeJC0SAt8T$j0Illustration of Mean Polishing
P Siw~#Q&T?0Constructing Tables of Predicted Means心理学书籍 psychspace.com%I&E*nC]2VT
Studying Interactions in Two-Way Tables
(E|1|8T3Ef0Three-Way Factorial Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com F.@@.s~e:bO
Defi ning Three-Way Interactions
2A"h,q}7?5H0Further Notes on Interpretation
*G,^$z&}i'p:P0Simplifying Complex Tables of Residuals心理学书籍 psychspace.com w'vz'i TnN+fI
Illustration of a Five-Way Interaction心理学书籍 psychspace.com}xa&`yz{:d
A Note on Complexity
{ W a5n? a.P2H+^0Chapter Repeated Measures in Analysis of Variance
UK5q{Ho\D9E*E2W0Use of Repeated Observations
5boj,F D$L%g;c,Q0Basic Computations心理学书籍 psychspace.comgo!M'` y9n+e
Fixed and Random Effects Error Terms in the Four Basic Combinations心理学书籍 psychspace.com(\ms&F&r
Latin Squares and Counterbalancing
3Td;KX#KH0Analysis of Latin Squares心理学书籍 psychspace.com6E;YLQa,f0AAzy
Some Latin Squares May Be Better Than Others
2@)x)YT+a-zQB[Aq0Other Counterbalancing Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com:cS{$k,S q
Three or More Factors
[zS ?0we9Q#l/c0Two Within-Subjects Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.comQAI-_i%@,rGd
Aggregating Error Terms
_gO[D~4TS)n?Y0Three Within-Subjects Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.comiAk8W(\z6|*`!s
Fixed or Random Factors
|tea E-Q4D` K0Did Repeated Measures Help?
SXXbVz W1H0The Intraclass r Revisited
dt)b&t CzR'p?"Zf&d0Composite Variables and Additional Assumptions
HaW w1W&U ~}0Contrasts in Repeated Measures
9_E!mq:VA0Hierarchically Nested Designs
lugw!e0x3A0The Choice of Error Terms
[O.sTRM&G aY r0PART VII ADDITIONAL TOPICS IN DATA ANALYSIS心理学书籍 psychspace.com8N&R6})m tk
Chapter Significance Testing and Association in Tables of Counts心理学书籍 psychspace.com!@?e,^ ii
Table Analysis and Chi-Square心理学书籍 psychspace.comG,I0{dVY~
The - df Chi-Square Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com*\,E4b&G0AI4O,p
Larger Tables of Counts
ap7C+VYukN0Distributions of Chi-Square心理学书籍 psychspace.comn;v!V,qT.S{Z
Procedures for Larger Contingency Tables
d~L;y3n u3mq'O0Subdividing Tables to Test Specifi c Hypotheses心理学书籍 psychspace.comTYW f.w@o v
Fisher Exact Probability Test
v2|']` `a'G&h0Strengthening the Fisher Exact Test
R9fe6k%r0C4qs%|0Adjustments for in _ Tables
w EJ+]~j4^p%{L(P0Complete Partitioning of Larger Tables
9p(O}1F#Wqi6WUJI9]3B0The Corner-Cells Test Subtable
*`)|7X%Sg/N)KB0Contrasts in Proportions
J5XAIl~0Alternative Analyses for Smaller Sample Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com p-`f$tTx
Standardizing Row and Column Totals
$GB a/t'jq\w Y0Odds Ratio, Relative Risk, Risk Difference, and Phi
/tq(}q`G)w0One-Sample Tables of Counts
4R9?#^:?(@)x%V(~0Multiple-Choice-Type Data and the Proportion Index
WN^KA!H C'kE0Chapter Multivariate Data Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.comz3v1U&jY |
Background心理学书籍 psychspace.com D]? dy^
Redescribing Relationships Within Sets of Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.comq9IKW&sJu
Cluster Analysis for Redescription心理学书籍 psychspace.com+J&\&W iOQ'db;W'a
Principal Components Analysis for Redescription
3jyRuG~0ros31960_ Improving Interpretation by Rotation心理学书籍 psychspace.comyFW5w2VRQ*t
Psychometric Applications of Principal Components Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.comb,L'I3P%B
Alternatives for the Redescription of Variables
\ E!D9G@^/WO3B{Fu0Multidimensional Scaling Illustration
c$o#^&rzuG0Relationships Among Sets of Variables
0Iqz b-l(G.sE0Chapter Meta-Analysis: Comparing and Combining Research Results
!@qFG"wV%X&G0Statistical Analysis of Statistical Analyses心理学书籍 psychspace.com&B4l|t-rzc~jQW
Criticisms of Meta-Analysis
:~ MW1s`f,c J0Interpreting Two or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.comTx6v1c4{-e#Vd
Comparing Two Signifi cance Levels心理学书籍 psychspace.com:y{M*~l8y N.B&T
Comparing Two Effect-Size Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.com}l\*cd
Combining Two Signifi cance Levels
fK4Fo0\E0Combining Two Effect-Size Correlations
X1O#R.Yelt:x0Overall Comparisons of Three or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com6y8q7mz p'qN+YV
Focused Comparisons of Three or More Studies
i&|"n{ Vr M1]&kfA0Combining Three or More p Levels心理学书籍 psychspace.com1v*lP E0a s
Combining Three or More Effect-Size Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.comv:\)c)G6P\+gS
Results That Are Not Independent心理学书籍 psychspace.comP)An V#`/CJ1fH
The File Drawer Problem
2T [-[0R9xi0An Eye to Variability心理学书籍 psychspace.comFS U;I6}o
PART VIII APPENDIXES心理学书籍 psychspace.com)F3wNx)T
A List of Numbered Equations
4IR\yk.~1J0B Statistical Tables
| R'S)D5C.d0Glossary心理学书籍 psychspace.com'OR"w}FV@
References心理学书籍 psychspace.com8Q5E.U T^;e_.]^
Subject Index
L v C,|6SIQ0Name Index
M5y2Py P"g0 心理学书籍 psychspace.comKz xjjh

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯