心理学书籍 » 行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是一本经典的高级研究方法教材。两位作者分别用几十年的时间从事心理学教学和研究工作,其研究重心又集中在心理学研究方法和数据分析方面。他们在这方面进行了深入钻研和分析,并结出了丰硕的成果,共同合作出版了多本关于研究方法和数据分析的著作。

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析(第3版,英文注释版)(精装)

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5ez#V$u7V#I,N1vp&s0作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯诺
-sPX"cxw(|D!rs0出版:人民邮电出版社 2012-1心理学书籍 psychspace.com0s$H asH
开本:小16开
7F:gI8K0K7wD0装帧:精装心理学书籍 psychspace.com+|KW vX:AI*d
字数:950千字
a2he.jM'@j B0页数:842页心理学书籍 psychspace.com~)E3bXZ b
ISBN:9787115269874
M5|1T$G%wP-w+\0定价:158.00心理学书籍 psychspace.com W0u(f4TjRN'f n
原名:Essentials of Behavioral Research: Methods and Data Analysis

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内容简介

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  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》这本著作的前半部分着重于研究方法的论述,涉及基础概念和基本伦理、因变量的操作和测量以及研究设计的逻辑;后半部分着重于描述高级统计过程,包括四个部分:数据分析基础、单因素设计、因素设计以及数据分析的其他问题。附录中还包括书中用到的公式、常用统计图表、术语及参考文献。

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Z*ua Az8R+Z-U0  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是心理学、社会学、人类学、传播学、教育学、商学、统计学、市场营销学等多个学科领域的教师、学者和学生从事教学和研究工作所必备的一本工具书。

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作者简介

CH/uW6Zv%c0 Robert Rosenthal is Distinguished Professor at the University of California at Riverside and Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, Harvard University. His research has centered for some 50 years on the role of the self-fulfi lling prophecy in everyday life and in laboratory situations. Special interests include the effects of teachers’ expectations on students’performance, the effects of experimenters’expectations on the results of their research, and the effects of clinicians’expectations on their patients’mental and physical health. He also has strong interests in sources of artifact in behavioral research and in various quantitative procedures. In the realm of data analysis, his special interests are in experimental design and analysis, contrast analysis, and meta-analysis. His most recent books and articles are about these areas of data analysis and about the nature of nonverbal communication in teacher-student, doctorpatient, manager-employee, judge-jury, and psychotherapist-client interaction. He has been Co-Chair of the Task Force on Statistical Inference of the American Psychological Association and has served as Chair of the Research Committee of the Bayer Institute for Health Care Communication. He was a co-recipient of two behavioral science awards of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1960,1993) and recipient of the James McKeen Cattell Award of the American Psychological Society, the Distinguished Scientist Award of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, the Samuel J. Messick Distinguished Scientifi c Contributions Award of the APA’s Division 5—Evaluation, Measurement, and Statistics, and the APA’s Distinguished Scientifi c Award for Applications of Psychology.心理学书籍 psychspace.comq?hr6BY

9}J S kHlG$q0Ralph L. Rosnow is Thaddeus Bolton Professor Emeritus at Temple University, where he taught for 34 years and directed the graduate program in social and organizational psychology. He has also taught research methods at Boston University and Harvard University and does consulting on research and data analysis. The overarching theme of his scholarly work concerns how people make sense of, and impose meaning on,their experiential world, called the “will to meaning” by Viktor Frankl. Rosnow has explored aspects of this construct in research and theory within the framework of contextualism, the psychology of rumor and gossip, attitude and social cognition, the structure of interpersonal acumen, artifacts and ethical dilemmas in human research,and the statistical justifi cation of scientifi c conclusions. He has authored and coauthored many articles and books on these topics and, with Mimi Rosnow, coauthored Writing Papers in Psychology, a popular writing manual now in its seventh edition (published by Thomson Wadsworth, 2006). He has served on the editorial boards of journals and encyclopedias, was coeditor (with R. E. Lana) of the Reconstruction of Society Series published by Oxford University Press, and chaired the APA’s Committee on Standards in Research. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the APA, and the Association for Psychological Science, received the Society of General Psychology’s George A. Miller Award, and was recently honored with a Festschrift book edited by D. A. Hantula, Advances in Social and Organizational Psychology
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Rosenthal and Rosnow have also collaborated on other books on research methods and data analysis, including Artifact in Behavioral Research (Academic Press, 1969);The Volunteer Subject (Wiley, 1975); Primer of Methods for the Behavioral Sciences(Wiley, 1975); Understanding Behavioral Science: Research Methods for Research Consumers (McGraw-Hill, 1984); Contrast Analysis: Focused Comparisons in the Analysis of Variance (Cambridge University Press, 1985); People Studying People: Artifacts and Ethics in Behavioral Research (W. H. Freeman, 1997); (with D. B. Rubin)Contrasts and Effect Sizes in Behavioral Research: A Correlational Approach (Cambridge University Press, 2000); and Beginning Behavioral Research: A Conceptual
-GSH0O"y*Q us[&}0Primer (6 th ed., Pearson/PrenticeHall, 2008).心理学书籍 psychspace.comDJ/S'](Sh

目录

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第一编 概念与伦理基础心理学书籍 psychspace.comoi}DzU7Q
第1章 行为研究的精神
I V,d_S0第2章 探索与辩护的环境
a%K.bv5]S0第3章 伦理问题、道德两难问题与指导方针心理学书籍 psychspace.com] s[*G d%ss0YJ
第二编 因变量的可操作化和可测量化心理学书籍 psychspace.com#]h4o0A1z/m7A6J
第4章 测量信度和效度
Mdj o3W8p0第5章 观察、判断和复合变量心理学书籍 psychspace.com-w0OqdA'u
第6章 问卷法、访谈法和日志法
}-U9b~_o0第三编 研究设计的逻辑
3h Z"l ||(Qs:@"X0第7章 随机控制的实验和因果推论
8} L,o D P9g+ac2a0第8章 非随机化研究与函数关系
N0h?|0f0第9章 随机与非随机抽取样本心理学书籍 psychspace.commXYuM5d@
第四编 数据分析的基本原理心理学书籍 psychspace.com4?7[M(n XVNs{-E
第10章 描述、展示以及探究数据
'X g*^ h!Of5M0第11章 相关关系
a$[-|a;iLX.Vy-x0第12章 统计检验力与效应值
{;\?@l0第五编 单因素设计
T9?2z+WC3Zf(rv a0第13章 用t 检验比较均值
y ?)kuT'nI5m2A|0第14章 方差分析与F 检验
b*aX)t!V\.Vgw4D0第15章 单因素对比分析
'haP9f,En0第六编 因素设计
d7ahY%`#Y qJ"qq`+c0第16章 多因素方差分析
W+DOI KR0第17章 方差分析中的交互作用
Wd,s Q X dtg0第18章 重复测量方差分析心理学书籍 psychspace.comfd'oQ6s
第七编 数据分析的补充问题
@pWL@6~;|0第19章 显著性检验和列联表分析
sb2I6}8`w\!m0第20章 多元数据分析心理学书籍 psychspace.com;QC JoU{W cH)O
第21章 元分析:研究结果的比较和综合心理学书籍 psychspace.com0g6kFAYZ'Q
第八编 附录
4Y0HH$ZbS@| Ug0详细目录心理学书籍 psychspace.com)\pi(vW+z'w jd
PART I CONCEPTUAL AND ETHICAL FOUNDATIONS
sV]-E~0Chapter The Spirit of Behavioral Research
1{1J&zd ne&E8x4_I0Science and the Search for Knowledge
&D/r;D i&fq DE0]u0What Do Behavioral Researchers Really Know?
*agg7TW#p6C*R2\:@0Social Constructionism心理学书籍 psychspace.com] B$aaA$e2^O`s)|
Contextualism/Perspectivism
8E(l&q]5hBK~0Evolutionary Epistemology
c9a l%]@|d C0Peirce’s Four Ways of Knowing
1sku[$gg,E/i~?0Rhetoric, Perceptibility, and Aesthetics
w Sh7q]DRC0Limitations of the Four Supports of Conviction
6y SC/C)vm8uw Oe:K0Behavioral Research Defi ned心理学书籍 psychspace.com1R U0i%HU
Three Broad Research Orientations
-G _N|Z C(Os0The Descriptive Research Orientation
Y9G$^4M!IR8I:gi0The Relational Research Orientation
H?7O4{ RQ0The Experimental Research Orientation
d&}3r:Q&x*WO0Empirical Principles as Probabilistic Assertions心理学书籍 psychspace.comWM,y#[\q
Orienting Habits of Good Scientifi c Practice心理学书籍 psychspace.comk6y3\ ySn |
Chapter Contexts of Discovery and Justifi cation心理学书籍 psychspace.comim&?p@Wp
Inspiration and Explanation
9i V J8Ea.|5pY,m0Theories and Hypotheses心理学书籍 psychspace.com],x)q{QKx"R
Sources of Inspiration and Insight
)^^'UD;z5ylj0Serendipity in Behavioral Research
"b~xD UCQ;c+RqA0Molding Ideas Into Working Hypotheses心理学书籍 psychspace.com\?$^.WXX"tZv:M vG J
Positivism, Falsifi cationism, and Conventionalism心理学书籍 psychspace.comn[(A'Q#z"qp m&w*T
Type I and Type II Decision Errors心理学书籍 psychspace.com2E,eS[oJe~
Statistical Signifi cance and the Effect Size心理学书籍 psychspace.com*EN2`/k#GN&B3S9]
Two Families of Effect Sizes
W"ZFX?2c0Interval Estimates Around Effect Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com1wJ9K:sm[:x
Summing Up
?d Xpx-[v v0Chapter Ethical Considerations, Dilemmas,and Guidelines心理学书籍 psychspace.com,c2]uX}0h
Puzzles and Problems心理学书籍 psychspace.comz!jPW6j u$|3?u
A Delicate Balancing Act心理学书籍 psychspace.com3f(x EB3i
Historical Context of the American Psychological Association Code心理学书籍 psychspace.com)W&n? rQyVV
The Belmont Report, Federal Regulations, and the Institutional心理学书籍 psychspace.comM T W }-I
Review Board
u~.[-lt#EeC Il0Principle I: Respect for Persons and Their Autonomy
xG/Bq2W/@0Principle II: Benefi cence and Nonmalefi cence心理学书籍 psychspace.com)\6IW Am jh
Principle III: Justice
v YNUI-\/k0Principle IV: Trust心理学书籍 psychspace.comzS ]%@2A+w
Principle V: Fidelity and Scientifi c Integrity
6] o!Y3L5bcW4aE-{0Costs, Utilities, and Institutional Review Boards心理学书籍 psychspace.com,Jr;i*{ qP,V
Scientifi c and Societal Responsibilities
pu"U5E/pM's|/r7wI"sC0PART II OPERATIONALIZATION AND MEASUREMENT OF DEPENDENT VARIABLES心理学书籍 psychspace.com/J/J!H-Roq zHt
Chapter Reliability and Validity of Measurements
Pv,t*?8gO0Random and Systematic Error心理学书籍 psychspace.comKc%V8z-mgj;U^Y3T
Assessing Stability and Equivalence心理学书籍 psychspace.com7puJP!nt9L
Internal-Consistency Reliability and Spearman-Brown
$f`5a-YO|8C}0KR20 and Cronbach’s Alpha心理学书籍 psychspace.comQ^B!w0m$Yp|
Effective Reliability of Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.comTt3R?-~B
Effective Cost of Judges
9h1C-bZ{e ] E f)y0Effective Cost of Items心理学书籍 psychspace.comS6R;?d*T e f1W;Y&`:o
Interrater Agreement and Reliability心理学书籍 psychspace.comq9HF j2s%c*ERKz
Cohen’s Kappa
i@/M+KO*j3v5k0Replication in Research
r^A/`a/x$W0Validity Criteria in Assessment心理学书籍 psychspace.com CF)ty^W
Convergent and Discriminant Validity
iI0?#K1p]0Test Validity, Practical Utility, and the Taylor-Russell Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com!EVE*x!wM0`W*U'm.}
Relationship of Validity to Reliability心理学书籍 psychspace.com*^ n$f0[LT%j eq'y&L,m
Chapter Observations, Judgments, and Composite Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.comVS4rd&K
Observing, Classifying, and Evaluating
Oe!rbAx0Observing While Participating心理学书籍 psychspace.com9d.H#S|lU5h\
Maximizing Credibility and Serendipity
G$GV\[A0Organizing and Sense-Making in Ethnographic Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com M*\ ]?;\3hJD*D
Interpreter and Observer Biases心理学书籍 psychspace.com7vmysG*Mf e
Unobtrusive Observations and Nonreactive Measurements心理学书籍 psychspace.comS-pb'yt5]"MM"A
Selecting the Most Appropriate Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.com$`jLvE1vz(|
Choosing the Number of Response Alternatives
k(r*G$~%d0a~~0Effects of Guessing and Omissions on Accuracy
!g? D'Tk!P2`6{ EK0Intrinsic Factors and the Level of Accuracy
Xk0i w2U\po9T0Applications of Categorical Judgments
cxX4jd_"qR[0Category Scales and Rating Scales心理学书籍 psychspace.comeScQG E)b+B7A#m
Numerical, Graphic, and Magnitude Ratings心理学书籍 psychspace.com:H qC3P'`A1WM
Rating Biases and Their Control
1d%a-U.E7m F%KD?0Bipolar Versus Unipolar Scales心理学书籍 psychspace.com2Fe(gEzCg6wgc
Forming Composite Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com e3t whb&K;Q
Forming Multiple Composites
T7J;tPC&Q5a0Quantifying the Clarity of Composites心理学书籍 psychspace.com.@y#OpO$n.H
Chapter Questionnaires, Interviews, and Diaries
9Qs0miQ f:Yy:UF0Concerns About Self-Report Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com(|/R9K L]
Open-Ended Versus Structured Items心理学书籍 psychspace.com1iuElf/z9X
Critical Incident Technique心理学书籍 psychspace.com#c!Uk5`PR [9k
Stages in Developing Interview Protocols
~4h0y-y P&q{0Research Interviews by Telephone心理学书籍 psychspace.coml;G8q$r f
Developing Research Questionnaires心理学书籍 psychspace.comi8~Cd#a5A
Defensiveness, Inconsistency, and Yea-Saying
e;_;g FV l%f0Cross-Cultural Questionnaire and Interview Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com2Y,s&D}!e~ f"Eq
One-Dimensional and Multidimensional Attitude Scales心理学书籍 psychspace.comjV*uc~:v,L.U*[
Semantic Differentials for Attitudinal Meaning
,j["z Ys#\0Q-Sorts for Subjectivity Ratings心理学书籍 psychspace.coml9Z+n }S(\)f
Likert Method of Item Analysis
;uH2I^A+El0Thurstone Equal-Appearing Intervals Method
N!BF-b1MX~#r`0Memory and the Use of Self-Recorded Diaries
*dmfB w%t0PART III THE LOGIC OF RESEARCH DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.comy0dj2uo1c#J$_$?
Chapter Randomized Controlled Experiments and Causal Inference心理学书籍 psychspace.comjpg5PRr
Experimentation in Science
4m5]0fwfJU]Z0Randomized Experimental Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.comt2|_7I X8f#Vs
Characteristics of Randomization
Pul;] X6I4ZF @0The Philosophical Puzzle of Causality心理学书籍 psychspace.com$M;u9tDiBQ9HY,a
Contiguity, Priority, and Constant Conjunction心理学书籍 psychspace.com"KF0A7q1k5S
Four Types of Experimental Control
W ssHG:QQ0Mill’s Methods of Agreement and Difference心理学书籍 psychspace.comr&uY(f$]h m?Q
Between-Group Designs and Mill’s Joint Method
,g uF-ps,qSAS7U~0Independent, Dependent, and Moderator Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.comN h+Iv9`7K1c
Solomon’s Extended Control Group Design心理学书籍 psychspace.comI4r LX7w
Threats to Internal Validity
N5j] I1s_`0Threats to External Validity
[xb [@3[9PE0Statistical Conclusion and Construct Validity心理学书籍 psychspace.comG0C}[y&I4]3[ ^v
Subject and Experimenter Artifacts心理学书籍 psychspace.com4Q4KXJ]K
Demand Characteristics and Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.com2w1oiFP z.P
Interactional Experimenter Effects
W@jen'H G%]|0Experimenter Expectancy Effects and心理学书籍 psychspace.com!f(m"R([g&F
Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.com8iwj-[O/IA-M
Concluding Commentary
UE7xx6T1k#G)@3c0Chapter Nonrandomized Research and Functional Relationships心理学书籍 psychspace.comEo?,FLx
Nonrandomized and Quasi-Experimental Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com+}fJ Q n&J!ucb8X!?
Nonequivalent Groups and Historical Controls心理学书籍 psychspace.comA/wI4}/q5^ W5y,^
Interrupted Time Series and the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average
GE/SuI4a Dm0Single-Case Experimental Designs
3~-j#s#X!vK;D%{0Cross-Lagged Correlational Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.comqbQ9Z(ss
Invisible Variables and the Mediation Problem心理学书籍 psychspace.com&B]/vN3_:a7s
Path Analysis and Causal Inference心理学书籍 psychspace.come;rt*M0v8I
The Cohort in Longitudinal Research心理学书籍 psychspace.comh8k m0l7Jl
Different Forms of Cohort Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com0M'J/o[ Ni"ex
Subclassifi cation on Propensity Scores心理学书籍 psychspace.com|/jZ?X9E
Multiple Confounding Covariates
} Mg_n.au*c0Chapter Randomly and Nonrandomly Selected Sampling Units心理学书籍 psychspace.comea5b1pZx\
Sampling a Small Part of the Whole
?p4[)d7t3I;@9[W\,cy0Bias and Instability in Surveys心理学书籍 psychspace.com"v j-[#b(l1v+g-B
Simple Random-Sampling Plans
p-R/@u;}.n0Improving Accuracy in Random Sampling
6A7mT B a0v0Confi dence Intervals for Population Estimates
tD$\)y7lwZ z0Speaking of Confi dence Intervals
/{2P9i3Yc"De0Other Selection Procedures心理学书籍 psychspace.comn;|/iJ9nu
Nonresponse Bias and Its Control
&e+Y3J7p q1j3x0Studying the Volunteer Subject心理学书籍 psychspace.comv6]2g Gu
Characteristics of the Volunteer Subject心理学书籍 psychspace.comq1eg_PC3B'] @K7g
Implications for the Interpretation of
'[u'T"QT0Research Findings
-A{ Y;@d0Situational Correlates and the Reduction of
M6n@^7O(\K0Volunteer Bias心理学书籍 psychspace.com g,aA_&@i7Bz1Vo
The Problem of Missing Data心理学书籍 psychspace.coms6m5pH`&vB)d(EI
Procedures for Dealing With Missing Data
7l-r6F,I&qgDb{j8@%Fyr0PART IV FUNDAMENTALS OF DATA ANALYSIS
4b.p H8XV5Bv&r0Chapter Describing, Displaying, and Exploring Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com2m[ V9a8pB3I$p
Descriptions of Sampling Units
-tvW$?0LwKQ0Frequency Diagrams and Stem-and-Leaf Displays
-o ^7ES3^(X5Yz0Box Plots心理学书籍 psychspace.com}P$c6@$}y,f(Q
Comparing Distributions Back to Back
9n-E/}y H3xy0Measures of Central Tendency心理学书籍 psychspace.comBJ-ByfwVs
Measures of Spread
;o6ehEsC.HK5V/[;J0The Normal Distribution
w2h I __k}{,r1D0Standard Scores心理学书籍 psychspace.com-NrY*j s)p3i3vsA
Data Not Distributed Normally心理学书籍 psychspace.com:o7NT.ob(Q3b'lH
Precision of Estimating Population Means心理学书籍 psychspace.com lV{Z(wo*S;M
Defi ning Outliers心理学书籍 psychspace.com#X L[.R.\U#Zv
Coping With Outliers
v4|]W C V\` z;I0X0Exploring the Data心理学书籍 psychspace.comfDJg(p m9z
Chapter Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.com d Qmy*iOeY
Pearson r心理学书籍 psychspace.com.O9jSZ@
Proportion of Variance Interpretation of Correlation
9Q.Wf)cGYP3\0Binomial Effect-Size Display
K i:P6^Sd\]:Lb0Confi dence Intervals for Effect-Size Correlations
,H+~m \%Q5Y$f(hg0Small Correlations, But Important Effects心理学书籍 psychspace.com_s(? D0k3_m D.J7J
Counternull Values of Effect Sizes
lqW5|{9@@E0o4bM@ UG0Spearman Rank Correlation
4R(L P+^{:t0Ranks as a Transformation心理学书籍 psychspace.com?;_2y/s}C'Z[
Observations of Disproportionate Infl uence心理学书籍 psychspace.com-X.}eRam1w
Point-Biserial Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.com hy!M\&u6Q.de
Exact Tests for Rho
vZ#f`EG r0Phi Coeffi cient心理学书籍 psychspace.com#M c%qzM
Curvilinear (Quadratic) Correlation
Cf1{!qsq7H9@v0Five Product-Moment Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.com"Y:} j c&h8tFG H`
Comparing Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.com)\}w |&C/^ D
Considering Third Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com/T;eN[,j;A
Effects of Variability on Correlations
F+^:MvI {2P!|"XQ2@0Chapter Statistical Power and Effect Size Revisited心理学书籍 psychspace.comY.KKR4x8uD
Why Assess Statistical Power?心理学书籍 psychspace.com:nl x8ix#_;F
The Neglect of Statistical Power心理学书籍 psychspace.com1O|5X$w7C2K
The requivalent Statistic心理学书籍 psychspace.com1shbO'o |/S&O*j
Cohen’s Multipurpose Power Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comV@g J1[ _s2~
The t Test for Comparing Two Means
NT:p-]H3JP+c0The Signifi cance of a Product-Moment r
@'c1iSLPj0Differences Between Correlation Coeffi cients
*H5l(]pa0q0The Test That a Proportion is .50心理学书籍 psychspace.com!mo8B-b'q
The Difference Between Proportions
%j'])ifp0The Focused Chi-Square Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com;X/v:_1C#w@ @$w,G
F Tests for Focused Comparisons
MLgv0A]$E(HL@0Additional Strategies for Improving Power心理学书籍 psychspace.comr}bhB l's(Ee
PART V ONE-WAY DESIGNS
3LP%w8n*I H0Chapter Comparing Means by Standard t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.com*{4T;h6W1W-^5ZA d"\
Gosset and the t Test
&o7_j nO1s^0Two Components of t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.com@jh+h"GO,z[,L
Maximizing t心理学书籍 psychspace.com!D0C#i C _8If` kW
Effect Sizes and Adjustments for Unequal Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.com*GS(@&^a]
Interpreting the Independent Sample t
J6j}$JT Mg%Vn]0Computing the Independent Sample t
C4h k[!Dy]0Reporting the Results心理学书籍 psychspace.comLK5]X.N J4?&[
t Tests for Nonindependent Samples心理学书籍 psychspace.comv2j ^ K'q*l)Y
Effect Size and Study Size Components of Nonindependent Sample t心理学书籍 psychspace.com Z#h m*qK:i}K
Assumptions Underlying t Tests
n7L0dP"vVk2R2G0Nonparametric Procedures心理学书籍 psychspace.com3J&I5]V@y7BT
The Bootstrap, the Jackknife, and Permutation Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.coma K8z5|5U,H|
Chapter Analysis of Variance and the F Test心理学书籍 psychspace.comQm*wQ'my i1m mD4W
The F Test and the t Test
.jB-\(t/dyJ)UI7r-]I0The Analysis of “Variances”心理学书籍 psychspace.coml%B(BuM4e1@E
Illustration of an Omnibus F
8lbO7nv6F H0Dividing Up the Total Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com4lvo o K|/zq)u2~
ANOVA Summary Tables
7p.N]r`3]1~_ @0Distributions of F心理学书籍 psychspace.com`"I5V"P m1t2XX
After the Omnibus F
UJf'F` l0Protecting Against “Too Many t Tests”心理学书籍 psychspace.com([:O0si*@,TAYzm
Bonferroni Procedures
7]gn4x2\ w0Bonferroni Tolerance Value
*N)C I%c1cx]%[ Q0Comparing Two Independent Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com0K,aw7lV3s
Illustration Using Transformations心理学书籍 psychspace.comoZq%{ ^
Comparing Two Correlated Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com.mB1vsTi|
Comparing Three or More Independent Variabilities
%`ZYTv0Comparing Three or More Correlated Variabilities
RNi} BW5l|G%m.`0Summary of Procedures for Comparing Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.combDX R-j6C^
Chapter One-Way Contrast Analyses心理学书籍 psychspace.com:T9U |q6aw9l\*F
Focusing Our Questions and Statistical Tests
yO-U4DeHz0Contrast F Tests on Original Data心理学书籍 psychspace.comhV+{0B'g*`z
Contrast t Tests on Original Data Carving Contrasts Out of Published Data心理学书籍 psychspace.comC%L}u/u
Orthogonal Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.comkg`k;L'I&Q/G
Nonorthogonal Contrasts
/O'J]-J!t3LS`0Effect Size Indices for Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.comR\[8T_"F2c
The BESD and the Binomial Effect-Size Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.comF8K.m*{{&\&A1BO#J#o
Overview of the Four Effect-Size Indices心理学书籍 psychspace.com:H`Ca}3z7W
Comparing Competing Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.comZ3MFRiCjL
Combining Competing Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com w}LF8x8XY^
Optimal Design and the Allocation of Sample Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.comM6S,r\F}
PART VI FACTORIAL DESIGNS
9io.[~Z:g{0Chapter Factorial Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com|5|J"H%P&X
Confronting Persistent Misunderstandings
-QP/}0{)NW M)Cw0An Economy of Design
Su?#kt9W0Effects and the Structure of ANOVA心理学书籍 psychspace.com ERSb$~v\K~e
Individual Differences as Error心理学书籍 psychspace.com9| F u*z;IJ?
The Table of Variance
Rhb)G&t(G7r:pG7@(s H0Testing the Grand Mean by t and F心理学书籍 psychspace.com`8G\'BwuE!p
Unweighted Means Analysis for Equal or Unequal Sample Sizes
]n,S"v[7oJj.H0Effects on F of Unequal Sample Sizes
y7W P;v-n(E}'w6P0Unequal Sample Sizes and Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com%sn7r#i'C@
Transcending Factorial Structure Using Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.comFiA-g!|R
Higher Order Factorial Designs
?J6X3tA,lcK0Blocking and the Increase of Power
} OT6cr'o0Blocking and the Analysis of Covariance心理学书籍 psychspace.com]I.a[ K
Transforming Data to Remove Interactions心理学书籍 psychspace.comy:ZAS"_
Chapter Interaction Effects in Analysis of Variance
X^:f.t ^R)Z|S`i0The Interpretation of Interaction心理学书籍 psychspace.com(Z,w],X(~ Umj'[
Crossed and Uncrossed Combinations of Group Means心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ2t8B{ u8z/K[
Illustration of Mean Polishing
n HN3sM:j5m0Constructing Tables of Predicted Means
1EyIW pZ/~0Studying Interactions in Two-Way Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comxF#RqF%_9z
Three-Way Factorial Designs
K6SgT(A0Defi ning Three-Way Interactions心理学书籍 psychspace.com{1^(y!g | b$jf
Further Notes on Interpretation心理学书籍 psychspace.com:Q!nuau;|*c
Simplifying Complex Tables of Residuals心理学书籍 psychspace.com"h,r"D;c/nBn]
Illustration of a Five-Way Interaction心理学书籍 psychspace.com|F QNqtU
A Note on Complexity
/Qj*XI};d5\0Chapter Repeated Measures in Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com)y$u7Gk$oj
Use of Repeated Observations心理学书籍 psychspace.comN9v-[?2U-OXLE_;b2Y
Basic Computations
#W3cr8w Q;i!nAq0Fixed and Random Effects Error Terms in the Four Basic Combinations
Y-I'w#Td0Jh0Latin Squares and Counterbalancing
X3pjD-Q#k0Analysis of Latin Squares心理学书籍 psychspace.com fYaz0U"y/b$R?
Some Latin Squares May Be Better Than Others
0g? T6R;x8V D\0y^0Other Counterbalancing Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com3T8[1Je s%w `M
Three or More Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com6l x:r`?S8[K h'`
Two Within-Subjects Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com4c;c|_@
Aggregating Error Terms
@pj l-D%s0Three Within-Subjects Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com#])D EF@4D } P
Fixed or Random Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.comA6c%JG4~as3G
Did Repeated Measures Help?心理学书籍 psychspace.com2B8DNye.k:t9[{ g
The Intraclass r Revisited心理学书籍 psychspace.comR-e9k \Xrn
Composite Variables and Additional Assumptions心理学书籍 psychspace.comF"^ ]7\;k#B!y
Contrasts in Repeated Measures
P2S5bD-i5mUqN|0Hierarchically Nested Designs
$z~O.uA0The Choice of Error Terms
i:IN$}(p(L0PART VII ADDITIONAL TOPICS IN DATA ANALYSIS
Eou lS*u svb&H0Chapter Significance Testing and Association in Tables of Counts
'o@ J5vg3|0Table Analysis and Chi-Square
!Y_dF0`KM0The - df Chi-Square Test
)a4\ eY4gl#joS0Larger Tables of Counts心理学书籍 psychspace.com{ |5N(Arn@5X
Distributions of Chi-Square
*r|L(I ~@8]0Procedures for Larger Contingency Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com-M7q6t ? ~|+|-L J^1Q
Subdividing Tables to Test Specifi c Hypotheses
d0ksxN^0Fisher Exact Probability Test
FN#r5i)BV Ps#P g0Strengthening the Fisher Exact Test
?%BL{-m-g-V5T8s0Adjustments for in _ Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com%| rl q}3L
Complete Partitioning of Larger Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comB.X}*I J)TK
The Corner-Cells Test Subtable
h&Hg6f#J-o K)|+}0Contrasts in Proportions心理学书籍 psychspace.comDm;lG!TO!u ]FuA
Alternative Analyses for Smaller Sample Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com g@3k!Zt.w*u
Standardizing Row and Column Totals心理学书籍 psychspace.com5p)NH(po
Odds Ratio, Relative Risk, Risk Difference, and Phi心理学书籍 psychspace.com/kf&e+L}]1[
One-Sample Tables of Counts
] p!c(l |W#`O0Multiple-Choice-Type Data and the Proportion Index心理学书籍 psychspace.com^J1A&A}3Ik n
Chapter Multivariate Data Analysis
;?3{#I&kp+VO5_0Background心理学书籍 psychspace.comD%t ^9Iu$\ x]8?
Redescribing Relationships Within Sets of Variables
l ` Y4o5ql$Tl0Cluster Analysis for Redescription心理学书籍 psychspace.com.vOZR[kLZ
Principal Components Analysis for Redescription
,i:tF*z6L{.A+y0ros31960_ Improving Interpretation by Rotation
PkMF K0Psychometric Applications of Principal Components Analysis
BQ)Cp,R5Fo0Alternatives for the Redescription of Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.comF[F:TBq,I4M
Multidimensional Scaling Illustration心理学书籍 psychspace.com@4Z [[:cs p#S;~0]
Relationships Among Sets of Variables
`|1q2?T)AR\a9\0Chapter Meta-Analysis: Comparing and Combining Research Results心理学书籍 psychspace.comdN1\M l
Statistical Analysis of Statistical Analyses
9B4E4g5xj0Criticisms of Meta-Analysis
"}gZ5j6PG+a;~0Interpreting Two or More Studies
c*he4dcm0Comparing Two Signifi cance Levels
4`Cgf.r J W,Uh0Comparing Two Effect-Size Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.comn:CF6UXsV q
Combining Two Signifi cance Levels心理学书籍 psychspace.com(t)A7|/WL+L td
Combining Two Effect-Size Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.com)L8~6g d9o.e7X t3x,|
Overall Comparisons of Three or More Studies
"GFy A8xs@E0Focused Comparisons of Three or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com4D-QJ l)U3~c6P
Combining Three or More p Levels
7LkBG7|c |mu@0Combining Three or More Effect-Size Correlations
N#hl I!h7^0Results That Are Not Independent心理学书籍 psychspace.comlMh8f%j
The File Drawer Problem心理学书籍 psychspace.com:F])i x)X%NO
An Eye to Variability
o aFz^[n3p0PART VIII APPENDIXES心理学书籍 psychspace.com%O_1b'E/@VumO
A List of Numbered Equations心理学书籍 psychspace.comqx$|^$gr
B Statistical Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com5m N\&wV-X9A\.mV
Glossary
WX$x om8y}1x`;t0References心理学书籍 psychspace.comx'L j?.dU |
Subject Index
0p2[,jmQu0J.Au\0Name Index心理学书籍 psychspace.com.VI] vkz9E~
 心理学书籍 psychspace.com.| E ]9UL2C7zc&^

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯