心理学书籍 » 行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是一本经典的高级研究方法教材。两位作者分别用几十年的时间从事心理学教学和研究工作,其研究重心又集中在心理学研究方法和数据分析方面。他们在这方面进行了深入钻研和分析,并结出了丰硕的成果,共同合作出版了多本关于研究方法和数据分析的著作。

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析(第3版,英文注释版)(精装)

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作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯诺心理学书籍 psychspace.com(S Ux#p'lb"B
出版:人民邮电出版社 2012-1
8J"pQ4?m*GdP0开本:小16开心理学书籍 psychspace.com2XAhp&L]9S]
装帧:精装
8nD3K`w0字数:950千字
p ?3H%v,eZQ!F0页数:842页心理学书籍 psychspace.com4?C+R1p qS
ISBN:9787115269874
pBW9o3e?%C2lL0定价:158.00心理学书籍 psychspace.com {ryFeC2~oK$c
原名:Essentials of Behavioral Research: Methods and Data Analysis

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内容简介

x:eRVEf7U7u7a0  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》这本著作的前半部分着重于研究方法的论述,涉及基础概念和基本伦理、因变量的操作和测量以及研究设计的逻辑;后半部分着重于描述高级统计过程,包括四个部分:数据分析基础、单因素设计、因素设计以及数据分析的其他问题。附录中还包括书中用到的公式、常用统计图表、术语及参考文献。心理学书籍 psychspace.comA{%V!J;XG'_

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  《行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析》是心理学、社会学、人类学、传播学、教育学、商学、统计学、市场营销学等多个学科领域的教师、学者和学生从事教学和研究工作所必备的一本工具书。

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作者简介

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 Robert Rosenthal is Distinguished Professor at the University of California at Riverside and Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, Harvard University. His research has centered for some 50 years on the role of the self-fulfi lling prophecy in everyday life and in laboratory situations. Special interests include the effects of teachers’ expectations on students’performance, the effects of experimenters’expectations on the results of their research, and the effects of clinicians’expectations on their patients’mental and physical health. He also has strong interests in sources of artifact in behavioral research and in various quantitative procedures. In the realm of data analysis, his special interests are in experimental design and analysis, contrast analysis, and meta-analysis. His most recent books and articles are about these areas of data analysis and about the nature of nonverbal communication in teacher-student, doctorpatient, manager-employee, judge-jury, and psychotherapist-client interaction. He has been Co-Chair of the Task Force on Statistical Inference of the American Psychological Association and has served as Chair of the Research Committee of the Bayer Institute for Health Care Communication. He was a co-recipient of two behavioral science awards of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1960,1993) and recipient of the James McKeen Cattell Award of the American Psychological Society, the Distinguished Scientist Award of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, the Samuel J. Messick Distinguished Scientifi c Contributions Award of the APA’s Division 5—Evaluation, Measurement, and Statistics, and the APA’s Distinguished Scientifi c Award for Applications of Psychology.心理学书籍 psychspace.comDa1a+xl&`,mQi!]/_z
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Ralph L. Rosnow is Thaddeus Bolton Professor Emeritus at Temple University, where he taught for 34 years and directed the graduate program in social and organizational psychology. He has also taught research methods at Boston University and Harvard University and does consulting on research and data analysis. The overarching theme of his scholarly work concerns how people make sense of, and impose meaning on,their experiential world, called the “will to meaning” by Viktor Frankl. Rosnow has explored aspects of this construct in research and theory within the framework of contextualism, the psychology of rumor and gossip, attitude and social cognition, the structure of interpersonal acumen, artifacts and ethical dilemmas in human research,and the statistical justifi cation of scientifi c conclusions. He has authored and coauthored many articles and books on these topics and, with Mimi Rosnow, coauthored Writing Papers in Psychology, a popular writing manual now in its seventh edition (published by Thomson Wadsworth, 2006). He has served on the editorial boards of journals and encyclopedias, was coeditor (with R. E. Lana) of the Reconstruction of Society Series published by Oxford University Press, and chaired the APA’s Committee on Standards in Research. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the APA, and the Association for Psychological Science, received the Society of General Psychology’s George A. Miller Award, and was recently honored with a Festschrift book edited by D. A. Hantula, Advances in Social and Organizational Psychology心理学书籍 psychspace.com)e0n@Wow'^*\Y
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Rosenthal and Rosnow have also collaborated on other books on research methods and data analysis, including Artifact in Behavioral Research (Academic Press, 1969);The Volunteer Subject (Wiley, 1975); Primer of Methods for the Behavioral Sciences(Wiley, 1975); Understanding Behavioral Science: Research Methods for Research Consumers (McGraw-Hill, 1984); Contrast Analysis: Focused Comparisons in the Analysis of Variance (Cambridge University Press, 1985); People Studying People: Artifacts and Ethics in Behavioral Research (W. H. Freeman, 1997); (with D. B. Rubin)Contrasts and Effect Sizes in Behavioral Research: A Correlational Approach (Cambridge University Press, 2000); and Beginning Behavioral Research: A Conceptual心理学书籍 psychspace.com@(lXo7Cq]J
Primer (6 th ed., Pearson/PrenticeHall, 2008).心理学书籍 psychspace.coms!in-ws#P6[.C

目录

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第一编 概念与伦理基础心理学书籍 psychspace.com.Jh6T]`Gr
第1章 行为研究的精神
|+Z?m0r$\G0第2章 探索与辩护的环境
3]%aJ!D0AV7U/q#]2s0j0第3章 伦理问题、道德两难问题与指导方针心理学书籍 psychspace.comg't5i$]2udU8l
第二编 因变量的可操作化和可测量化心理学书籍 psychspace.com6z!b&U'] WL.U0?X.f
第4章 测量信度和效度
x?"|Ip5j"_0第5章 观察、判断和复合变量
-Hch1RF(i.l0第6章 问卷法、访谈法和日志法
$q0e W D;A!^`0第三编 研究设计的逻辑心理学书籍 psychspace.comN"UZC;GPC
第7章 随机控制的实验和因果推论心理学书籍 psychspace.com6f{G%@ ]
第8章 非随机化研究与函数关系
/jV R)D5R-N!ps&T*~0第9章 随机与非随机抽取样本
C(g2V*gh5o0第四编 数据分析的基本原理
;IfMY8g(h4v:K[U;l0第10章 描述、展示以及探究数据心理学书籍 psychspace.com6]r ~E7W2?~;G+Yl
第11章 相关关系心理学书籍 psychspace.comap7{]?xK
第12章 统计检验力与效应值心理学书籍 psychspace.com${gp ey
第五编 单因素设计
'n,py0Fl#yl G*AB-v0第13章 用t 检验比较均值心理学书籍 psychspace.com${E2I5R0O4o
第14章 方差分析与F 检验
6\*RB*f U0第15章 单因素对比分析心理学书籍 psychspace.comJ2f*a%C$kP
第六编 因素设计心理学书籍 psychspace.com%HW,lSUU8w6o)Ls
第16章 多因素方差分析
9M8z(n|;oYs0第17章 方差分析中的交互作用
Gm4k*^/G.B:J!f%v0第18章 重复测量方差分析
){V*P|/c#xm0第七编 数据分析的补充问题心理学书籍 psychspace.comLe9c4g(w PjP
第19章 显著性检验和列联表分析心理学书籍 psychspace.com"^)_H9n_
第20章 多元数据分析心理学书籍 psychspace.com2G;Pyr5gjsK8K.t'c
第21章 元分析:研究结果的比较和综合心理学书籍 psychspace.com3aY!~/R%j^k&Z r&N8E
第八编 附录
v!n-KCP N%D'T G0详细目录心理学书籍 psychspace.com6`#G&T:\T?'|
PART I CONCEPTUAL AND ETHICAL FOUNDATIONS
3y2fA4P]}9B0Chapter The Spirit of Behavioral Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com$H,y3X6q6_9kK2d
Science and the Search for Knowledge
!L4\ U:\E;t0What Do Behavioral Researchers Really Know?心理学书籍 psychspace.comYTC j#e|7h
Social Constructionism
.]mp(`IJ#m4]0Contextualism/Perspectivism心理学书籍 psychspace.coms'[(G yn"O8l
Evolutionary Epistemology
U:n x1k Q5h k:X0Peirce’s Four Ways of Knowing
TT2d!aU-M.G9Y0Rhetoric, Perceptibility, and Aesthetics
2z{\3n9EtZ9Z8K;J0Limitations of the Four Supports of Conviction
1U{Zf EQ_ ~g0Behavioral Research Defi ned
5T;JyTF.su9b&]0Three Broad Research Orientations心理学书籍 psychspace.com'k/Z R%M@(f
The Descriptive Research Orientation
*|{2na+o0The Relational Research Orientation
%T(~1{%Q~+q-F&\.S f/F0The Experimental Research Orientation
M(R6Bqb~!D3lC0Empirical Principles as Probabilistic Assertions
Y|8U*NU| v0Orienting Habits of Good Scientifi c Practice心理学书籍 psychspace.comjo3J`:h|
Chapter Contexts of Discovery and Justifi cation心理学书籍 psychspace.com4~!F"x%db,^'gc A^
Inspiration and Explanation心理学书籍 psychspace.com8X BFJ,C|$W
Theories and Hypotheses心理学书籍 psychspace.com3T2L/i6bUZ;I(zj u
Sources of Inspiration and Insight心理学书籍 psychspace.com E*[0F;\^
Serendipity in Behavioral Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com1G'G5T$a*L9[
Molding Ideas Into Working Hypotheses
:C M'v+?!}.v V!l|@0Positivism, Falsifi cationism, and Conventionalism心理学书籍 psychspace.com v qws]X}I
Type I and Type II Decision Errors心理学书籍 psychspace.comF2BB,dL;[
Statistical Signifi cance and the Effect Size
-u-O"Td ^O+U[$J0Two Families of Effect Sizes
uw7A4BX\S.]7q o-a&J0Interval Estimates Around Effect Sizes
?Ze%X0u X0Summing Up心理学书籍 psychspace.com {)ta&A/cHY
Chapter Ethical Considerations, Dilemmas,and Guidelines心理学书籍 psychspace.com-|0j w#u ^7g-d&{8A
Puzzles and Problems
{P2` e*q0A Delicate Balancing Act
j0|Y%o6zBp0Historical Context of the American Psychological Association Code心理学书籍 psychspace.com&{e'As iI@4H
The Belmont Report, Federal Regulations, and the Institutional
{+k D3I!A&y? T(Kt5[0Review Board心理学书籍 psychspace.com^p`1X,uG
Principle I: Respect for Persons and Their Autonomy
&LVP+H6V|^0Principle II: Benefi cence and Nonmalefi cence心理学书籍 psychspace.comj3Uq&jFl)?]jp
Principle III: Justice心理学书籍 psychspace.comXU2e8r%f
Principle IV: Trust心理学书籍 psychspace.comq%{z _8q [i-K |
Principle V: Fidelity and Scientifi c Integrity心理学书籍 psychspace.comj CCJc1? u
Costs, Utilities, and Institutional Review Boards心理学书籍 psychspace.com2r$suP/R#Ck
Scientifi c and Societal Responsibilities
/KUd^{$`0PART II OPERATIONALIZATION AND MEASUREMENT OF DEPENDENT VARIABLES
uYIE|ro)m0Chapter Reliability and Validity of Measurements
D%iWVE6d0Random and Systematic Error
:{;Q)Z$[ Eh6AbY w0Assessing Stability and Equivalence
&zwR"P(Z0Internal-Consistency Reliability and Spearman-Brown心理学书籍 psychspace.com&R7ysW Fj X
KR20 and Cronbach’s Alpha心理学书籍 psychspace.com(N L7Wz G Y u}y
Effective Reliability of Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.com"G,~.C1HP _{&C&c
Effective Cost of Judges
t1},t7B C;ta0Effective Cost of Items心理学书籍 psychspace.comX^ Q6O0Dj#c2ExL
Interrater Agreement and Reliability
Q'n\ ld0Cohen’s Kappa心理学书籍 psychspace.com(O-IDe9ycS+y
Replication in Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com"Zpj$lB-q$Hp7h.JB
Validity Criteria in Assessment
.nYE9G#?EQ0Convergent and Discriminant Validity
9D)Y Feh0k"`0Test Validity, Practical Utility, and the Taylor-Russell Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com];_$^L l4Xw2|7a
Relationship of Validity to Reliability
r,^)n1?jAG0Chapter Observations, Judgments, and Composite Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.comO$m5Jp{ s*PA
Observing, Classifying, and Evaluating
l s/O)Wh0Observing While Participating心理学书籍 psychspace.com;`;Y!q;y6oG
Maximizing Credibility and Serendipity心理学书籍 psychspace.com2g9h;jz_e8{8R o
Organizing and Sense-Making in Ethnographic Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com)])I z&TL2d-Q
Interpreter and Observer Biases
"PXE GI9Rtp0x'X j0Unobtrusive Observations and Nonreactive Measurements
Q0L7t#x6p0Selecting the Most Appropriate Judges心理学书籍 psychspace.comNg [%A9dw8[[ ~G
Choosing the Number of Response Alternatives心理学书籍 psychspace.com6|ex3T-h@Q7x t
Effects of Guessing and Omissions on Accuracy心理学书籍 psychspace.com8ib L7DH P W:VoP8N ]
Intrinsic Factors and the Level of Accuracy
(hmq7u|m%h(N0Applications of Categorical Judgments
d;X6y\ Gf0i^0Category Scales and Rating Scales
YZ7U wy(|0Numerical, Graphic, and Magnitude Ratings
~ Z6]BB/}8Y0Rating Biases and Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.comQ5a$l6iS'[
Bipolar Versus Unipolar Scales
/U`},Z2@~`bV+o7{0Forming Composite Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com*zy~/VMK_lH
Forming Multiple Composites
hJ.p3Q/W/C0Quantifying the Clarity of Composites
.Q3yext[0Chapter Questionnaires, Interviews, and Diaries
e2Z6D._I0Concerns About Self-Report Data
&bSQ3T%m`3o0Open-Ended Versus Structured Items心理学书籍 psychspace.com l1e3t*s]^D#]
Critical Incident Technique
.J$Z Pi9B4P$I0Stages in Developing Interview Protocols心理学书籍 psychspace.comv];z/z!Y0]+X)r
Research Interviews by Telephone
q"F3EF9l0Developing Research Questionnaires
2MEw4kli0Defensiveness, Inconsistency, and Yea-Saying
p2i)qQ(HPM7{0Cross-Cultural Questionnaire and Interview Research
j'q)m6p3n b q#D{$m0One-Dimensional and Multidimensional Attitude Scales
}$F|/l@fz+x/E0Semantic Differentials for Attitudinal Meaning心理学书籍 psychspace.com P/d7Z~-o
Q-Sorts for Subjectivity Ratings心理学书籍 psychspace.com(^1DJ2j"}{ k
Likert Method of Item Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.com ]!U I$C \+k U1d
Thurstone Equal-Appearing Intervals Method心理学书籍 psychspace.comHTZ#{,\$q-o l(}
Memory and the Use of Self-Recorded Diaries心理学书籍 psychspace.comda1P0NhL:MZp
PART III THE LOGIC OF RESEARCH DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.comt)kS\ f C*Z
Chapter Randomized Controlled Experiments and Causal Inference心理学书籍 psychspace.com3yP:]A/^r
Experimentation in Science心理学书籍 psychspace.com,iU!bjc
Randomized Experimental Designs
,arr o+j+Sd\0Characteristics of Randomization心理学书籍 psychspace.comh#M2q9W$rc~7u
The Philosophical Puzzle of Causality心理学书籍 psychspace.comAo)G(`1y-R+V
Contiguity, Priority, and Constant Conjunction
,[G[:Z QtTL"Z0Four Types of Experimental Control心理学书籍 psychspace.comEU BRB5bh
Mill’s Methods of Agreement and Difference
-Ek]'jf0Between-Group Designs and Mill’s Joint Method心理学书籍 psychspace.com7} c@ fV
Independent, Dependent, and Moderator Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.com;}w/S#qX
Solomon’s Extended Control Group Design心理学书籍 psychspace.comE,B8I/Frk)^k3a
Threats to Internal Validity心理学书籍 psychspace.com*Lo)mA4\)Fbg
Threats to External Validity
4V b(MIbPh0Statistical Conclusion and Construct Validity心理学书籍 psychspace.com U&IUYz#`3m
Subject and Experimenter Artifacts
$wmi/q1N;`%w0Demand Characteristics and Their Control心理学书籍 psychspace.com-A"J(E[W/~ k J ]
Interactional Experimenter Effects
y C `R3hB5N;N8O0Experimenter Expectancy Effects and心理学书籍 psychspace.com'K^9{8mbnzv
Their Control
-]G9S)Dk W6\yH0Concluding Commentary
$Gm%Sj_]`+@0Chapter Nonrandomized Research and Functional Relationships
-u \R rS j j0Nonrandomized and Quasi-Experimental Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com_s.XYE&Xn
Nonequivalent Groups and Historical Controls
Wy3}H5A(^jg'U0Interrupted Time Series and the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average心理学书籍 psychspace.com+_[:WL1k L!wd,pf
Single-Case Experimental Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com'BM,qib$|)weWI
Cross-Lagged Correlational Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.coms@\R)@b
Invisible Variables and the Mediation Problem
$Rfcqd!A"@0Path Analysis and Causal Inference
;q JQYl @0The Cohort in Longitudinal Research心理学书籍 psychspace.com|~'P$v C#_
Different Forms of Cohort Studies
k5j6rwg9v(E0Subclassifi cation on Propensity Scores心理学书籍 psychspace.com~'v\ R/vhJ
Multiple Confounding Covariates
FX\U'd#i0Chapter Randomly and Nonrandomly Selected Sampling Units
og(r"I g4[:e5Am.u0Sampling a Small Part of the Whole
3OOLL/nf2`Q~,u$G0Bias and Instability in Surveys
7Z"D1? r-h"f5V@0Simple Random-Sampling Plans心理学书籍 psychspace.com+o VQ b$eB7f
Improving Accuracy in Random Sampling心理学书籍 psychspace.com r0eR-GDX*G z
Confi dence Intervals for Population Estimates心理学书籍 psychspace.com2ysW0y7@-~^
Speaking of Confi dence Intervals心理学书籍 psychspace.comW$ZJ|q
Other Selection Procedures心理学书籍 psychspace.comp:\ [Vn7a O qW
Nonresponse Bias and Its Control心理学书籍 psychspace.com:B7A FFWv
Studying the Volunteer Subject心理学书籍 psychspace.comDj P}H;]~6hKO2j
Characteristics of the Volunteer Subject
+^{%oM/ll)j0Implications for the Interpretation of
c#[*f i GjAwi0Research Findings心理学书籍 psychspace.com1i!^1xr4i1`9n4bI
Situational Correlates and the Reduction of
ma`&H A3f1W4V5J0Volunteer Bias
+C$Z1e.w:L0The Problem of Missing Data
H:x5l~ Wk bx-z8E0Procedures for Dealing With Missing Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com2N/e4H K QBDu
PART IV FUNDAMENTALS OF DATA ANALYSIS心理学书籍 psychspace.com\!P f1STw#bV
Chapter Describing, Displaying, and Exploring Data心理学书籍 psychspace.com_6tR[V
Descriptions of Sampling Units
Vq@%H+_@kb8n0Frequency Diagrams and Stem-and-Leaf Displays心理学书籍 psychspace.com0?(z/usb Om"e
Box Plots
dtib#ZD%_%Gc^0Comparing Distributions Back to Back
&u*w2K%EF6T(o g$J0Measures of Central Tendency
J\vMc)G[$@4fu0Measures of Spread心理学书籍 psychspace.com6L#X;R;K-Yv(b*yy
The Normal Distribution
2S:q!P:^"] Oa/Em0Standard Scores心理学书籍 psychspace.commuX x(d4G8L"z
Data Not Distributed Normally
-F]:]+I%^C,i0Precision of Estimating Population Means
:f6E&i Tm F z]6W0Defi ning Outliers
!cQ-? ^%[1S-~0Coping With Outliers
;J+u"Z;g-]r-c0Exploring the Data
,rC[q z!P:j0Chapter Correlation
}"E$D9`g[0Pearson r
b x%[3`0Bz9BG0Proportion of Variance Interpretation of Correlation
].QF?:w7i5j0Binomial Effect-Size Display
]Ky1X n M M0Confi dence Intervals for Effect-Size Correlations
Xr z2ohI D6?0Small Correlations, But Important Effects
v(U wM1B0Counternull Values of Effect Sizes心理学书籍 psychspace.como6K4b.Ea
Spearman Rank Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.com!zu0Av;~e'Xv#kRJh5Q,F
Ranks as a Transformation心理学书籍 psychspace.com'bfV+O1P
Observations of Disproportionate Infl uence心理学书籍 psychspace.com7? P P\1B;m]E$l'} f
Point-Biserial Correlation
jU gxN,yf^]*{0Exact Tests for Rho心理学书籍 psychspace.com%z9Fp8B)n"RR(M|)T
Phi Coeffi cient
tAF]&m5W^Z0Curvilinear (Quadratic) Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.com8XU XRQN0t
Five Product-Moment Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.comUN0y5E!J3K
Comparing Correlations
$a [} G[6C0Considering Third Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.comQxBEu
Effects of Variability on Correlations
Gh:es/\"o7w0Chapter Statistical Power and Effect Size Revisited
@9cW/C Q0Why Assess Statistical Power?心理学书籍 psychspace.comkt zJL
The Neglect of Statistical Power
y d,eDn0I3}w y$Wc0The requivalent Statistic
4IQ/zD4D\0Cohen’s Multipurpose Power Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comu:ZaE$Q K`/dE
The t Test for Comparing Two Means心理学书籍 psychspace.combP&u2O {5j.{
The Signifi cance of a Product-Moment r
*a:A7_"K(t2Tx `K0Differences Between Correlation Coeffi cients
nr,w] S3Y0The Test That a Proportion is .50
9r+e']Z+Ue;n0The Difference Between Proportions
:n0A0x6LH#r0The Focused Chi-Square Test
@e+oN"`D s+^&NR#y0F Tests for Focused Comparisons心理学书籍 psychspace.com/RlP*M-IA,c H&l k M
Additional Strategies for Improving Power心理学书籍 psychspace.com'B]O x"qN&vk
PART V ONE-WAY DESIGNS
${1w2h4jx#]0Chapter Comparing Means by Standard t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.comv2ZakQ~~u4F
Gosset and the t Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com |o5hP:~$v
Two Components of t Tests心理学书籍 psychspace.com)n-x#~GRj~ I+q(d
Maximizing t心理学书籍 psychspace.com3Lr4TY ~O!_1O
Effect Sizes and Adjustments for Unequal Sample Sizes
1x)U&R1}%{0Interpreting the Independent Sample t
$R E!RU$n0osa)r F0Computing the Independent Sample t
y4~t.[#V6J.qZ0Reporting the Results
J},e:lS\5B*h7H0t Tests for Nonindependent Samples
)K a`!t l H0Effect Size and Study Size Components of Nonindependent Sample t
mkK#h!h?0Assumptions Underlying t Tests
\A6\(M/Z:n6b'|[@%S0Nonparametric Procedures
2D6J wmL0The Bootstrap, the Jackknife, and Permutation Tests
E ^+G K2A }|"e0Chapter Analysis of Variance and the F Test
&bv x I"pfK9?0The F Test and the t Test
3z4b4X4G\r#S0The Analysis of “Variances”心理学书籍 psychspace.com%|1mmng u
Illustration of an Omnibus F
?@.|^5b6n4JV l0Dividing Up the Total Variance
sCA[k7r+I4N2{0ANOVA Summary Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comGB9T/J+T
Distributions of F心理学书籍 psychspace.comLTT Q6De+b
After the Omnibus F
V%k*e/^'}6y\0Protecting Against “Too Many t Tests”心理学书籍 psychspace.comf}(DBQ {-s
Bonferroni Procedures
V:ZG JCDQ!Q0Bonferroni Tolerance Value心理学书籍 psychspace.com)uE;fV1yFpT
Comparing Two Independent Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.com*V~ ~*J?:K
Illustration Using Transformations
e'`a/pL0Comparing Two Correlated Variabilities
,s R w'lQ? W"z0Comparing Three or More Independent Variabilities心理学书籍 psychspace.comu YHH4B_r _ n
Comparing Three or More Correlated Variabilities
'e TWS+Tq qE$ZQ0Summary of Procedures for Comparing Variabilities
1Vs`:j6` Xi f@R `7Xi+s0Chapter One-Way Contrast Analyses
H:L"g gm/o1d0Focusing Our Questions and Statistical Tests
T lmpc{.gY0Contrast F Tests on Original Data心理学书籍 psychspace.comfE)H-sSC:kA0S
Contrast t Tests on Original Data Carving Contrasts Out of Published Data
5O,Ec]z.}{0Orthogonal Contrasts
e'G,lz3w$p(c9U0Nonorthogonal Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com%H+SF_cz
Effect Size Indices for Contrasts
5Ip8_j!I6[7V5H0The BESD and the Binomial Effect-Size Correlation心理学书籍 psychspace.com.Q/p-HudVi
Overview of the Four Effect-Size Indices心理学书籍 psychspace.com.Hw i?z] W$tt
Comparing Competing Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.com;|/x8}_|j
Combining Competing Contrasts心理学书籍 psychspace.comC2O ^JK:D/j%N
Optimal Design and the Allocation of Sample Sizes
E:ny0V[8\m|&A0PART VI FACTORIAL DESIGNS心理学书籍 psychspace.com9LgC4pU*Y6`
Chapter Factorial Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.com2}8KTJ0`:h(h
Confronting Persistent Misunderstandings
eV"? XL{I0An Economy of Design
vEH2a3r7r+b&Im+w%q0Effects and the Structure of ANOVA
+O;Cqf"?}0Individual Differences as Error心理学书籍 psychspace.comQ:[~EXq$_!v)m
The Table of Variance
Sc3k `j#?0Testing the Grand Mean by t and F
4F-D.l*Xxw'O0Unweighted Means Analysis for Equal or Unequal Sample Sizes
l-ukR^)K7k+x f;K O}0Effects on F of Unequal Sample Sizes
S!{H$HK1Y'^%W1qV_)d!tSm0Unequal Sample Sizes and Contrasts
E5n{T(_0Transcending Factorial Structure Using Contrasts
{+IyVn@;[IJg:e0Higher Order Factorial Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com!z:zT/U wH
Blocking and the Increase of Power
Y;AR5p$l.q'u[ w0Blocking and the Analysis of Covariance心理学书籍 psychspace.com7NZC ^)Wm#k
Transforming Data to Remove Interactions
%l"A1V P Y-N(|$]#o0Chapter Interaction Effects in Analysis of Variance
1S&cV'~Y4L0The Interpretation of Interaction
Xk7fni|7`;m MP6PH0Crossed and Uncrossed Combinations of Group Means心理学书籍 psychspace.com nt0{1B B X'?0\.T
Illustration of Mean Polishing心理学书籍 psychspace.com pq.E8a'a+}
Constructing Tables of Predicted Means心理学书籍 psychspace.comp;i0rsP&o\
Studying Interactions in Two-Way Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com:}E*N$Al S o1c)s
Three-Way Factorial Designs
S*JT5{n0Defi ning Three-Way Interactions
%N;J!H2b+^h0Further Notes on Interpretation心理学书籍 psychspace.comB0mw:olM%Cj m
Simplifying Complex Tables of Residuals心理学书籍 psychspace.comM/d:SW M QBb-L
Illustration of a Five-Way Interaction心理学书籍 psychspace.comm p5T6A9J
A Note on Complexity心理学书籍 psychspace.comE!S.K y @
Chapter Repeated Measures in Analysis of Variance心理学书籍 psychspace.comY%?-^ []
Use of Repeated Observations
mxQ1y$J:A X0Basic Computations心理学书籍 psychspace.com3D ln9Si:u
Fixed and Random Effects Error Terms in the Four Basic Combinations
br*S v@sY0i+b yh Q0Latin Squares and Counterbalancing心理学书籍 psychspace.com ljj Pw;i!XS/[s
Analysis of Latin Squares心理学书籍 psychspace.com1NHHj1f d
Some Latin Squares May Be Better Than Others心理学书籍 psychspace.com$g |[Pzj
Other Counterbalancing Designs心理学书籍 psychspace.com9|(vH Q0k
Three or More Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com2c}7Dl?;O#^
Two Within-Subjects Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com j]zLP
Aggregating Error Terms心理学书籍 psychspace.com?;G-E(XH0W
Three Within-Subjects Factors
+}+W/G%s$i2x"|0Fixed or Random Factors心理学书籍 psychspace.com,Zx+CI-zw.` O
Did Repeated Measures Help?心理学书籍 psychspace.com&?wm]2fF
The Intraclass r Revisited
yf~[1dP0Composite Variables and Additional Assumptions
9_ ^-ZkQP0Contrasts in Repeated Measures
7~ h'be.U0Hierarchically Nested Designs
,lR:\`0g!k0The Choice of Error Terms心理学书籍 psychspace.com5AILW VT
PART VII ADDITIONAL TOPICS IN DATA ANALYSIS
!n(i9LJoMg4B0Chapter Significance Testing and Association in Tables of Counts心理学书籍 psychspace.com ]nl,EB
Table Analysis and Chi-Square
m6B q7CPt9E7~0The - df Chi-Square Test心理学书籍 psychspace.com$Y4DA9D?Bb }
Larger Tables of Counts
R6zb'i1Z+kk$C0Distributions of Chi-Square心理学书籍 psychspace.com*Hvtm|*r{
Procedures for Larger Contingency Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com]-{S*wJZ3O#u
Subdividing Tables to Test Specifi c Hypotheses心理学书籍 psychspace.com J9]Z{?rJL&r
Fisher Exact Probability Test
E [| h)l6X0Strengthening the Fisher Exact Test心理学书籍 psychspace.comL$[IX*@+C+V-hRR-Q9q
Adjustments for in _ Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.comP Bcu_yW
Complete Partitioning of Larger Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com { [TK)hk
The Corner-Cells Test Subtable心理学书籍 psychspace.comO.jl$yA;?Q8y
Contrasts in Proportions心理学书籍 psychspace.com6Zk&a:Y#G
Alternative Analyses for Smaller Sample Studies
O S:db_S"o'zT3ca0Standardizing Row and Column Totals
&OPo.W,y4Q;n.[0Odds Ratio, Relative Risk, Risk Difference, and Phi
%k1K~1^)]x F]0One-Sample Tables of Counts心理学书籍 psychspace.com2U?#qycaSwL
Multiple-Choice-Type Data and the Proportion Index
Q?:f)\]}Z([m"J0Chapter Multivariate Data Analysis心理学书籍 psychspace.com[0f*te h+K\f,K
Background心理学书籍 psychspace.com\&rEbyW+?F;b.Q"|
Redescribing Relationships Within Sets of Variables心理学书籍 psychspace.compF'BY EI9UV
Cluster Analysis for Redescription心理学书籍 psychspace.com#T3y4D*A%Cw;Bu
Principal Components Analysis for Redescription
x:BXzr Z#i0ros31960_ Improving Interpretation by Rotation
!YR9A+R2B0Psychometric Applications of Principal Components Analysis
`"d.r[eIk(Y0Alternatives for the Redescription of Variables
1qDaM_0Multidimensional Scaling Illustration心理学书籍 psychspace.comm-LT9H;HNwe b)u[
Relationships Among Sets of Variables
z1^6RQN,@w6y\6@@0Chapter Meta-Analysis: Comparing and Combining Research Results
:m.BMK ID0Statistical Analysis of Statistical Analyses
Ls o,yV'p7X0Criticisms of Meta-Analysis
Uv)E1Fa7]M0Interpreting Two or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com6{$o6a#j _]
Comparing Two Signifi cance Levels
OB(qn B0BgVU$FgD0Comparing Two Effect-Size Correlations
y6F0Z!~{q#A7F0Combining Two Signifi cance Levels
e(\9JCP[YT v0Combining Two Effect-Size Correlations
[[nnF#x5bk U0Overall Comparisons of Three or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com3w4u7E&oRb k$ot4x
Focused Comparisons of Three or More Studies心理学书籍 psychspace.com?SudN"c
Combining Three or More p Levels
/QxL~*U'O7k4L0Combining Three or More Effect-Size Correlations心理学书籍 psychspace.comhhb(CL `3M
Results That Are Not Independent
RumejZh\0The File Drawer Problem
0pO;`&J'S7s4w0An Eye to Variability心理学书籍 psychspace.com [5k t l3B
PART VIII APPENDIXES心理学书籍 psychspace.comb!vs7gwsL
A List of Numbered Equations心理学书籍 psychspace.com pP p2iZ*L.a:D#Du
B Statistical Tables心理学书籍 psychspace.com w PG1gr
Glossary心理学书籍 psychspace.comz#A%G6L3`3}C?p
References心理学书籍 psychspace.comLgz1D%Yep^ k3X
Subject Index心理学书籍 psychspace.com5C9Bb&vy3j
Name Index
j @Q f G!oo0 

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行为研究纲要:方法与数据分析

作者:[美国] 罗伯特·罗森塔尔 拉尔夫·罗斯