Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis:Examination and Reformulation
作者: Berkowitz / 5462次阅读 时间: 2013年1月14日
来源: Psychological Bulletin 标签: Berkowitz 挫折 侵略假设

Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis:Examination and Reformulation


Leonard Berkowitz

University of Wisconsin--Madison

Examines the Dollard et al. (1939) frustration-aggression hypothesis. The original formulation'smain proposition is limited to interference with an expected attainment of a desired goal on hostile(emotional) aggression. Although some studies have yielded negative results, others support the coreproposition. Frustrations can create aggressive inclinations even when they are not arbitrary oraimed at the subject personally. Interpretations and attributions can be understood partly in termsof the original analysis but they can also influence the unpleasantness of the thwarting. A proposedrevision of the 1939 model holds that frustrations generate aggressive inclinations to the degree thatthey arouse negative affect. Evidence regarding the aggressive consequences of aversive events isreviewed, and Berkowitz's cognitive-neoassociationistic model is summarized.

Psychological Bulletin1989, Vol. 106, No. 1, 59-73

Copyright 1989 by the American Psychological Association, the.0033-2909/89$FILE/Berkowitz%201989.pdfwww.psychspace.com心理学空间网
TAG: Berkowitz 挫折 侵略假设
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