作者: Jiah Yoo APS / 3987次阅读 时间: 2017年9月17日
来源: 陈明 译 标签: 积极情绪 跨文化

Link Between Positive Emotions and Health Depends on Culture
by Jiah Yoo APS
陈明 翻译

Positive emotions are often seen as critical aspects of healthy living, but new research suggests that the link between emotion and health outcomes may vary by cultural context. The findings, published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, show that experiencing positive emotions is linked with better cardiovascular health in the US but not in Japan.


“Our key finding is that positive emotions predict blood-lipid profiles differently across cultures,” says psychological scientist Jiah Yoo of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. “American adults who experience high levels of positive emotions, such as feeling ‘cheerful’ and ‘extremely happy’, are more likely to have healthy blood-lipid profiles, even after accounting for other factors such as age, gender, socioeconomic status, and chronic conditions. However, this was not true for Japanese adults.”

威斯康星-麦迪逊大学的心理学家Jiah Yoo说:“我们的关键发现是,在跨文化研究中,以积极情绪预测血脂的高低,其结果是不同的。”,“即使是在考虑到年龄、性别、社会经济地位和慢性病等因素后,那些体验了诸如了“快乐”和“极度幸福”的这些较高积极情绪的美国人,更有可能拥有健康的血脂。然而,这对日本成年人来说,并非如此。”

“Our findings underscore the importance of cultural context for understanding links between emotion and health, something that has been largely ignored in the literature,” Yoo adds. “Although some studies have examined cultural differences in links between positive emotions and healthy functioning, this work is novel in that it includes biological measures of health and large representative samples from both countries.”

The fact that positive emotions are conceived of and valued differently across cultures led Yoo and colleagues to wonder whether the health benefits observed in tandem with positive emotions might be specific to Western populations.
事实上,LED Yoo和同事们设想并验证了积极情绪在跨文化中是不同的,他们想知道,同积极情绪相关联的、观察到的健康益处是否可能只对西方人群有效。

“In American cultures, experiencing positive emotions is seen as desirable and is even encouraged via socialization. But in East Asian cultures, people commonly view positive emotions as having dark sides – they are fleeting, may attract unnecessary attention from others, and can be a distraction from focusing on important tasks,” says Yoo.

The researchers designed a cross-cultural comparison, examining data from two large representative studies of adults: Midlife in the United States and Midlife in Japan, both funded by the National Institute on Aging. Data included participants’ ratings of how frequently they felt 10 different positive emotions in the previous 30 days and measures of blood lipids, which provided objective data on participants’ heart health.

“Because of the global prevalence of coronary artery disease, blood lipids are considered important indices of biological health in many Western and East Asian countries,” Yoo explains.


As expected, the data indicated that experiencing frequent positive emotions was associated with healthy lipid profiles for American participants. But there was no evidence of such a link for Japanese participants.


The differences may be due, in part, to the relationships between positive emotions and BMI in each culture. Higher positive emotions were linked with lower BMI and, in turn, healthier lipid profiles among American participants, but not among Japanese participants.


“By demonstrating that the cultural variation in the connection between emotional well-being and physical well-being, our research has wide-ranging relevance among those who seek to promote well-being in the communities and the workplace, including clinicians, executives, and policy makers,” Yoo concludes.


In future work, the researchers will examine longitudinal data to determine whether the evidence suggests a direct causal link between emotions and health. They also hope to identify emotional profiles that may be more relevant or important to health outcomes in East Asian cultures.


Co-authors on the research include Yuri Miyamoto and Carol D. Ryff of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Attilio Rigotti of Pontifical Catholic University of Chile.
这项研究的共同作者包括威斯康星大学的Yuri Miyamoto和 Carol D. Ryff ,以及智利天主教大学的Attilio Rigotti 。

This research was supported by a grant from the National Institute on Aging to conduct the Midlife in Japan study  for comparative analysis with the Midlife in the United States study (P01-AG020166).


All data and materials have been made publicly available via the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) website. The complete Open Practices Disclosure for this article is available online. This article has received the badges for Open Data and Open Materials.

所有的数据和材料已经通过美国政治与社会研究校际联合数据库(ICPSR)网站向社会公开。本文完整的开放实践披露可在线获取。 本文已获得开放数据和开放材料授权。


TAG: 积极情绪 跨文化
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