This widely used supplement focuses on applying critical thinking techniques to standard concepts in psychology and teaches students to recognize and critically appraise pseudoscience. In particular, this text provides tips on evaluating claims that arise in discussions of psychology in the media and self-help literature. By boldly examining common misconceptions in psychology, the text helps students become more critical and discriminating consumers of psychological information.
这才是心理学How to Think Straight about Psychology
Highlights of the Seventh Edition:Presents psychological topics such as falsifiability, operationalism, experimental control, converging evidence, correlational vs. experimental studies, and statistics as “tools” for critical evaluation, providing students with a set of practical consumer skills to independently evaluate psychological claims.
Discusses psychology in the media and gives students some “consumer rules”for dealing with it.
Presents information on how to tell true psychological research from pseudoscience.
Provides instructors with the opportunity to teach critical thinking skills within the rich context of modern psychology.
1 Psychology Is Alive and Well(and Doing Fine Among the Sciences) 1
2 Falsifiability: How to Foil Little Green Men in the Head 19
3 Operationism and Essentialism: “But, Doctor, What Does It Really Mean?” 35
4 Testimonials and Case Study Evidence: Placebo Effects and the Amazing Randi 53
5 Correlation and Causation: Birth Control by the Toaster Method 73
6 Getting Things Under Control: The Case of Clever Hans 85
7 “But It’s Not Real Life!”: The “Artificiality” Criticism and Psychology 103
8 Avoiding the Einstein Syndrome: The Importance of Converging Evidence 119
9 The Misguided Search for the “Magic Bullet”: The Issue of Multiple Causation 141
10 The Achilles’ Heel of Human Cognition: Probabilistic Reasoning 149
11 The Role of Chance in Psychology 165
12 The Rodney Dangerfield of the Sciences 183